Martin Luther King Jr. Grade 4 by MrsSalma
Martin Luther King Jr. was born in Atlanta, Georgia in the large twelve room house of his parents on January 15, 1929. • He was born during a time when black people did not have the rights which they have today.
M.L., as he was called, first experienced racial discrimination when their white neighbors refused to let him play with their boys. • This was hard for him to understand because the boys had grown up as neighbors and had played together for years.
At a later time he and his father were asked to move to the back of a shoe store to be fitted with shoes. • They left without buying anything. These early incidents made a deep impression on the young boy.
When he was five years old his mother persuaded the first grade teacher, Miss Dickerson, to make room for him in her class. • He attended Oglethorpe Elementary School which was a private school associated with Atlanta University. • His parents paid $25 a year which covered all his expenses.
Miss Lemon, his teacher taught him to be independent. • She taught him if there was an injustice, he could rebel, but still keep his dignity and find quiet ways to resist. • She inspired her students to learn about black history and take pride in their heritage
On one occasion he and his teacher were riding on a bus. • When the bus filled up with people, the driver asked them to stand up and let two white people have their seats. It was the law. • Martin saw the injustice of it, and he never forgot that incident.
When he was 15 years old he entered Morehouse College. • He was only 19 years oldwhen he graduated from college. • While he was at Crozer he began to study the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi, a man who brought about changes in India through "passive* resistance".
Gandhi urged people to not fight, but to protest peacefully. • Martin saw this method of non-violent resistance as the answer to the unfair treatment blacks received in America.
When he was a senior at Crozer he was elected class president and also won an award as the most outstanding student. • He worked on his Ph.D. at Boston University. It was there he met Coretta Scott who would become his wife.
Blacks and whites were segregated in Montgomery, attending different schools and sitting in separate sections on buses. • Sometimes blacks would be forced to stand on a bus even though there were empty seats in the "white" section at the front of the bus. • On December 1, 1955 Mrs. Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus. The police were called and she was arrested. This event led to a their revolt all over America.
In 1964 Martin Luther King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in Norway. • He gave the $54,000 prize money to the civil rights groups which were working to secure the rights blacks deserved.
On April 4, 1968 a gunman murdered him in Memphis, Tennessee. • Many changes have taken place in America because of the leadership of Martin Luther King.