Cities in the Third Wave: The Technological Transformation of Urban America Leonard I. Ruchelman. Group: Peter Heller Kate McCauley Adam Neumeyer. The Transformation of Urban America. Preindustrial Industrial Postindustrial. Preindustrial Cities.
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Small populations (typically less than 30,000 people)
Small size allowed for personal networks between friends, family and businesses
Small scale manufacturing limited by hand tools, hydraulic power, and the use of animals
Located on waterfronts/ mill sites (functioned as market centers)
Key Characteristics of Cities in the Preindustrial, Industrial, and Postindustrial Stages
- communities have to deal with changes in pensions, social security and medicare
- lower industrial development