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Exploring Management. Chapter 18. Entrepreneurship and Small Business. Chapter 18. What is entrepreneurship and who are entrepreneurs? What should we know about small businesses and how to start one?. 18.1 Entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurs are risk takers who spot and pursue opportunities

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chapter 18

Exploring Management

Chapter 18

Entrepreneurship and Small Business

chapter 181
Chapter 18
  • What is entrepreneurship and who are entrepreneurs?
  • What should we know about small businesses and how to start one?
18 1 entrepreneurship
18.1Entrepreneurship
  • Entrepreneurs are risk takers who spot and pursue opportunities
  • Entrepreneurs often share similar backgrounds and experiences
  • Entrepreneurs often share similar personality traits
  • Women and minority entrepreneurs are growing in numbers
  • Social entrepreneurs seek novel solutions to pressing social problems
entrepreneurship entrepreneurs are risk takers
ENTREPRENEURSHIPEntrepreneurs Are Risk Takers
  • Entrepreneurship
    • Dynamic, risk-taking, creative, growth-oriented behavior
  • Entrepreneur
    • Person willing to pursue opportunities that others fail to recognize or view as problems
entrepreneurship entrepreneurs are risk takers1
ENTREPRENEURSHIPEntrepreneurs Are Risk Takers
  • First mover advantage
    • Exploiting a new market opportunity before competitors
entrepreneurship entrepreneur characteristics
ENTREPRENEURSHIPEntrepreneur Characteristics
  • Similar backgrounds
    • Family environment
    • Career and work history
    • Windows of career opportunity
entrepreneurship entrepreneur characteristics1
ENTREPRENEURSHIPEntrepreneur Characteristics
  • Intrapreneurs
    • Employees of a larger firm that display entrepreneurial behavior such as developing a new product or process
entrepreneurship women and minorities
ENTREPRENEURSHIPWomen and Minorities
  • Women and minority entrepreneurs are growing in numbers
  • Necessity-based entrepreneurship
    • People start a business because no other employment opportunities exist
entrepreneurship social entrepreneurs
ENTREPRENEURSHIPSocial Entrepreneurs
  • Social entrepreneurs
    • are driven by a social mission
      • Poverty
      • Illiteracy
      • Health problems
      • Social opression
18 2 small businesses
18.2Small Businesses
  • Small businesses are mainstays of the economy
  • Small businesses must master three life-cycle stages
  • Family owned businesses can face unique challenges
  • Most small businesses fail within five years
  • Assistance is available to help small businesses get started
  • A small business should start with a sound business plan
  • There are different forms of small business ownership
  • There are different ways of financing a small business
small business importance of small business
SMALL BUSINESSImportance of Small Business
  • Small business
    • Fewer than 500 employees
  • Small business statistics
    • Employ some 52 percent of private workers
    • Provide 51 percent of private-sector output
    • Receive 35 percent of federal government contract dollars
    • Provide as many as 7 out of every 10 new jobs in the economy
small business challenges
SMALL BUSINESSChallenges
  • Family owned businesses
    • Largest percentage of businesses worldwide
    • Feuds result when family members disagree over how the business is run
    • Succession problem
      • Who will run the business when the current head leaves?
      • Succession plan outlines leadership transition and financial matters
small business challenges1
SMALL BUSINESSChallenges
  • Most small businesses fail within five years
    • As many as 60% to 80% fail
small business small business assistance
SMALL BUSINESSSmall Business Assistance
  • Business incubator
    • Provides services to help new businesses get started
  • Small Business Development Centers
    • Supported by Small Business Administration
    • Offer help to small business owners to set up and manage their businesses
small business business plans
SMALL BUSINESSBusiness Plans
  • Business plan
    • Describes goals, operating plans and financing for a new business
    • Banks want to see a well-developed business plan before loaning money
small business forms of ownership
SMALL BUSINESSForms of Ownership
  • Sole Proprietorship
    • An individual or married couple pursuing business for a profit.
small business forms of ownership1
SMALL BUSINESSForms of Ownership
  • Partnership
    • Two or more people agree to contribute resources to start and operate a business together.
small business forms of ownership2
SMALL BUSINESSForms of Ownership
  • Corporation
    • A legal entity that exists separately from its owners
  • Limited Liability Company (LLC)
    • A combination of sole proprietorship, partnership, and corporation.
      • Protects owners against personal loss other than what is invested in the company
      • Treated as a proprietorship or partnership for tax purposes
small business financing
SMALL BUSINESSFinancing
  • Debt Financing
    • involves borrowing money from another person, a bank, or a financial institution.
  • Equity Financing
    • involves exchanging ownership shares for outside investment monies.
  • Venture Capitalists
    • Involves making large investments in new ventures in return for an equity stake in the business.
small business financing1
SMALL BUSINESSFinancing
  • Angel Investor
    • A wealthy individual willing to invest in return for equity in a new venture.
  • Initial Public Offering (IPO)
    • An initial selling of shares of stock to the public at large.