The Tell-Tale Heart Tone, Syntax, Point of View
Warm-Up 8/21/13: Directions: find the pronouns in the following quotes. Then, give their antecedents. “I had my head in… when my thumb slipped upon the tin fastening…” “For a whole hour I did not move a muscle, and in the meantime I did not hear him lie down.” “Many a night, just at midnight, when all the world slept, it has welled up from my own bosom, deepening, with its dreadful echo, the terrors that distracted me” “He had been saying to himself—It is nothing but the wind in the chimney—it is only a mouse crossing the floor…” “All in vain; because Death, in approaching him, had stalked with his black shadow before him, and enveloped the victim.”
Point of View • First person—uses the words I, me, my, we, our, etc. Personal pronouns. • Third person limited—the narrator only knows the thoughts and feelings of one or two people • Third person objective—the narrator does not know anyone’s thoughts or feelings • Third person omniscient—the narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of all of the characters.
Persona • The speaker or narrator of the story may be a different person than just the author. It is important to consider the persona of your narrator. A persona is a made up character for the story you are reading. • Ask yourself questions like “What does what the narrator says suggest about him/her?”
Example Looking at the details you provided in your chart, what can you conclude about the narrator?
Warm up: Directions: Read the close reading assignment and answer the questions. • Get your close reading worksheet off of the stool up front.
Tone • Tone is the writer’s or speaker’s attitude toward a subject, character, or audience. It is conveyed primarily through the author’s choice of diction, imagery, details, figures of speech, and syntax. • Describe the tone of this passage.
Syntax • The arrangement of words and the order of grammatical components in a sentence. When used effectively, syntax draws attention to elements the writer wants to emphasize. • Repetition-the most often used syntactical device involves using words, sounds, or ideas more than once.
Diction • the accent, inflection, intonation, and speech-sound quality manifested by an individual speaker, usually judged in terms of prevailing standards of acceptability; enunciation.
Imagery • The author uses words that play to your five senses. • Sight • Smell • Sound • Taste • Touch
Imagery Examples • “…for the hinges creaked…” -What image clue word does the above passage use? • “…there came to my ears a low, dull, quick sound, such as a watch makes…” -What image clue word does the above passage use?
Detail • Specific details the author uses to prove his tone. • Ex: The floor board creaked and my breath caught.
Gallery Walk • On your post it notes, write one example of diction, detail, and imagery that Poe uses in his story. Place each post it on the correct chart around the room. • Group the words and look for patterns.
Assignment • Complete the worksheet given to you.
Warm-Up 8/22/13: Directions: Find all of the prepositional phrases in the following paragraph. It is impossible to say how first the idea entered my brain, but once conceived, it haunted me day and night. Object there was none. Passion there was none. I loved the old man. He had never wronged me. He had never given me insult. For his gold I had no desire. I think it was his eye! Yes, it was this! He had the eye of a vulture—a pale blue eye, with a film over it. Whenever it fell upon me, my blood ran cold; and so by degrees—very gradually—I made up my mind to take the life of the old man, and thus rid myself of the eye forever.