Lecture 10. Political Anthropology 2. Chiefs, states and state formation. Questions. Why should anyone accept being a subordinate What is authority and why do we obey? Or not? What is the nature of power?. Some theories.
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Political Anthropology 2.
Chiefs, states and state formation
"Big man" officiatingat a pig give-awayceremony in PapuaNew Guinea
Samoan chief. , c 1910
King Mata'afa Iosefa (1832-1912), his wife Talala (Kalala) and his daughters in traditional costumes. Samoa ca. 1900.Malietoa Tanumafili II, the king of Western Samoa, died 2007
They were pastoralists practising shifting cultivation. They lived in scattered homesteads occupied by male agnates and their families; a number of these homesteads were united under a chief the heir of the their senior line into a tribe. A tribe was divided into sections under brothers of the chief and as a result of a quarrel a section might migrate an establish itself as an independent clan and tribe. Cattle raids were frequent but there were no wars of conquest.“The Kingdom of the Zulu” by Max Gluckman in African Political Systems.
The rule of succession is that the heir is born of the woman who the king makes his chief wife. Mpande first appointed Cetshwayo heir for he was born to the wife given to him by Dingwane. Then he began to favour Mbuyazi, son of his most beloved wife. Each had his own following. Cetshwayo was supported by his most important brothers and the big chiefs and he routed Mbuyazi.Politics and succession