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Patterns of Irregular Verbs. 不規則動詞的規則. 伍德基 T.K.Ng. (I) AAA Type. Infinitive 不定式. Past Tense 過去式. Past Participle 過去分詞. Meaning 解釋. 打賭. bet. bet. bet. 出價 / 競投. bid. bid. bid. 廣播. broadcast. broadcast. broadcast. 爆破. burst. burst. burst. 投擲. cast. cast. cast. 花費.

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patterns of irregular verbs

Patterns of Irregular Verbs

不規則動詞的規則

伍德基

T.K.Ng

slide2

(I) AAA Type

Infinitive

不定式

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

Meaning

解釋

打賭

bet

bet

bet

出價 / 競投

bid

bid

bid

廣播

broadcast

broadcast

broadcast

爆破

burst

burst

burst

投擲

cast

cast

cast

花費

cost

cost

cost

切割

cut

cut

cut

slide3

Infinitive

不定式

Meaning

解釋

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

預測

forecast

forecast

forecast

打擊

hit

hit

hit

損傷

hurt

hurt

hurt

容讓

let

let

let

安放

put

put

put

閱讀

read

read

read

放置

set

set

set

slide4

Infinitive

不定式

Meaning

解釋

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

關閉

shut

shut

shut

扯裂

slit

slit

slit

割裂

split

split

split

伸展

spread

spread

spread

流汗

sweat

sweat

sweat

推逼

thrust

thrust

thrust

slide5

(II) ABA Type

Infinitive

不定式

Meaning

解釋

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

變為

become

became

become

到來

come

came

come

奔跑

run

ran

run

slide6

(III) ABB Type

  • A change in a vowel letter
  • 詞中一個元音字母變成另一個元音字母

Infinitive

不定式

Meaning

解釋

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

喚醒

awake

awoke

awoke

挖掘

dig

dug

dug

得到

get

got

got

懸掛

hang

hung

hung

握拿

hold

held

held

slide7

Infinitive

不定式

Meaning

解釋

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

照耀

shine

shone

shone

坐下

sit

sat

sat

黏貼

stick

stuck

stuck

戰勝

win

won

won

slide8

2) One of the duplicated vowel letters is missed

詞中兩個重覆的元音字母只剩下一個

Infinitive

不定式

Meaning

解釋

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

流血

bleed

bled

bled

產子

breed

bred

bred

餵食

feed

fed

fed

遇見

meet

met

met

射擊

shoot

shot

shot

催促

speed

sped

sped

slide9

3) A duplicated letter is missed, ended with -t

詞中兩個重疊的字母剩下一個,字尾添 -t

Infinitive

不定式

Meaning

解釋

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

爬行

creep

crept

crept

居住

dwelt

dwelt

dwell

感覺

felt

felt

feel

保持

kept

kept

keep

跪下

knelt

knelt

kneel

slide10

Infinitive

不定式

Meaning

解釋

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

睡眠

sleep

slept

slept

嗅聞

smell

smelt

smelt

拼字

spell

spelt

spelt

打掃

sweep

swept

swept

哭泣

weep

wept

wept

slide11

4) Ended with -t

詞尾字母變成 -t

Infinitive

不定式

Meaning

解釋

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

扭曲

bend

bent

bent

叮咬

bit

bit

bite

建造

build

built

built

對付

deal

dealt

dealt

借給

lend

lent

lent

slide12

Infinitive

不定式

Meaning

解釋

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

丟失

lose

lost

lost

發送

send

sent

sent

花費

spent

spent

spend

slide13

5) An addiditional –d or –t ending

詞尾添加 -d 或 -t

Infinitive

不定式

Meaning

解釋

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

燃燒

burn

burnt

burnt

夢想

dream

dreamt

dreamt

聽到

hear

heard

heard

學習

learn

learnt

learnt

意指

mean

meant

meant

破壞

spoil

spoilt

spoilt

slide14

6) Ended with -ought or -aught

詞尾變成 -ought 或 -aught

Infinitive

不定式

Meaning

解釋

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

攜帶

bring

brought

brought

購買

buy

bought

bought

捕捉

catch

caught

caught

打鬥

fight

fought

fought

尋求

seek

sought

sought

教導

teach

taught

taught

認為、想

think

thought

thought

slide15

7) -ay → -aid

Infinitive

不定式

Meaning

解釋

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

放置、產卵

lay

laid

laid

付出

pay

paid

paid

說出

say

said

said

slide16

8) -ind → -ound

Infinitive

不定式

Meaning

解釋

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

捆綁

bind

bound

bound

找尋

find

found

found

碾磨

grind

ground

ground

纏繞,上鍊

wind

wound

wound

slide17

9) Others 其他

Infinitive

不定式

Meaning

解釋

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

逃走

flee

fled

fled

have/has

had

had

引導

lead

led

led

離開

leave

left

left

製造

make

made

made

售賣

sell

sold

sold

站立

stand

stood

stood

告訴

tell

told

told

明白

understand

understood

understood

slide18

(IV) ABC Type

  • i - a - u pattern

Infinitive

不定式

Meaning

解釋

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

開始

begin

began

begun

喝飲

drink

drank

drunk

搖響

ring

rang

rung

歌唱

sing

sang

sung

slide19

Infinitive

不定式

Meaning

解釋

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

沉沒

sink

sank

sunk

旋轉

spin

span

spun

彈跳

sprang

sprung

spring

游泳

swam

swum

swim

slide20

2) Past participle ended with -en

Infinitive

不定式

Meaning

解釋

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

引起

arise

arose

arisen

be / am, is /are

was / were

been

打敗

beat

beat

beaten

打碎

break

broke

broken

選擇

choose

chose

chosen

駕駛

drive

drove

driven

吃下

eat

ate

eaten

slide21

Infinitive

不定式

Meaning

解釋

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

落下

fall

fell

fallen

預測

forget

forgot

forgotten

原諒

forgive

forgave

forgiven

凍結

freeze

froze

frozen

給予

give

gave

given

躲藏

hide

hid

hidden

乘騎

ride

rode

ridden

slide22

Infinitive

不定式

Meaning

解釋

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

升起

rise

rose

risen

看見

see

saw

seen

搖動

shake

shook

shaken

演說

speak

spoke

spoken

偷竊

steal

stole

stolen

拿取

take

took

taken

wake

woke

woken

弄醒

寫作

write

wrote

written

slide23

3) Past participle ended with -wn

Meaning

解釋

Infinitive

不定式

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

吹出

blow

blew

blown

畫下 / 拉拖

draw

drew

drawn

飛走

fly

flew

flown

生長

grow

grew

grown

知道

know

knew

known

出示

show

showed

shown

throw

threw

thrown

投擲

slide24

4) Others

Meaning

解釋

Infinitive

不定式

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

出世

bear

bore

born

do

did

done

go

went

gone

躺下

lie

lay

lain

撕裂

tear

tore

torn

穿上

wear

wore

worn

slide25

(V) Others

Infinitive

不定式

Past Tense

過去式

Past Participle

過去分詞

Meaning

解釋

can

could

-

可以

may

might

-

應該

must

must

-

shall

should

-

will

would

-