Corporate social responsibility in genocidal regions. Darfur, Sudan in Africa and Burma (Myanmar) in Asia By Benny Widyono.
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Today we will examine why many foreign corporations in Darfur, a region in the Sudan and in Burma, are directly and indirectly sustaining tyrannies who massacre their own people and continue the exploitation of the voiceless, human rights abuses, militarization, and environmental and cultural destruction.
Starting in February 2003, the genocide in Darfur, population 6 million, a region in Sudan, population 39 million, is the longest running genocide in the world
To suppress rebellion by liberation movements of the village tribes in Darfur, the Sudanese military, aided by Janjaweed militia, camel-riding Arab nomads massacred 500,000 while driving 2.5 million Darfurians from their villages into makeshift camps
Foreign companies are lining up to partner with Burma’s dreadful military junta to tap into the country’s lucrative resources in particular oil and gas. This provides a crucial source of support to the junta
Most of corporations in Burma originate in Asia’s fast growing economies of India, China, Malaysia and Thailand in search of cheap energy sources and other natural resources. The French Total and US Chevron oil companies also operate in Burma. There are a total of 13 countries investing in Burma
China’s role is particularly significant because it is one of the five veto wielding powers in the United Nations. Using this power China had undermined UN’s efforts in both Darfur and Burma
In January 2007 it vetoed a resolution on Burma
Burma’s military junta has amply rewarded China for its support by awarding China a 20 year contract for natural gas supplies at a lower price than the bid by India, another fast growing nation but without veto power in the United Nations
China has 26 multinational corporation in Burma involved in 62 hydropower, oil and gas and mining projects