Chapter 1 Notes. Role and Origin of American Government. Chapter 1.1 Objectives. Define government and explain its importance. Identify how some philosophers have described the nature and purpose of the state. List the functions that government performs.
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Role and Origin of American Government
State – a body of people living in a defined territory, organized politically, and having the power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority
source of power
How power is divided
Division of power within government
Does how you come to power make any difference?
religious leaders rule over society
rulers are chosen by priests or clerics
rulers claim to act in the name of God
mandatory church attendance and daily prayer
Iran, Vatican City
All power held by a national government
“Democracy is the worst form of government on earth except for all the rest.”
•Explain the meaning of the quote.
•Do you agree or disagree with the author of the quote? Explain why.
•Give details and examples to support your answer.
•Must be typed or written very neatly
1. Allows Choice
2. Recognizes Individual Worth
3. Promotes Respect for Law
4. Protects Minority Rights
5. Promotes Public Good