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Political Culture and Socialization. MEXICO . SYSYEM FUNCTIONS of the Political System. Political Culture: Supportive . Mexicans are highly supportive of the political institutions that evolved from the Mexican Revolution Endorse the democratic principles of the Constitution of 1917.

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political culture supportive
Political Culture: Supportive
  • Mexicans are highly supportive of the political institutions that evolved from the Mexican Revolution
  • Endorse the democratic principles of the Constitution of 1917
political culture not supportive
Political Culture: not supportive
  • Critical of government performance
  • Pessimistic about their ability to affect election outcomes
  • Growing distrust of Congress and the political parties
political socialization
POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION
  • Direct and indirect process of learning
  • Formative years of primary importance
  • Continuance throughout life
agents of political socialization early influences
Agents of Political Socialization: Early Influences
  • Family – Mexico: Loyalty highly valued
  • School – Mexico: secular schools
  • Religious institutions
    • Roman Catholic constrained
    • Protestant used to balance dominant Catholic ethos
  • Peer groups
adult political socialization mexico
Adult Political Socialization: MEXICO
  • Personal encounters with government functionaries and the police
    • Violence
    • Drugs
    • Employment
    • Corruption
slide10

Adult Political Socialization: MEXICO

    • Proliferation of popular movements
    • Mass media
      • Print media
      • Television
political socialization through political participation
Political Socialization through political participation
  • Political participation is of two broad types:
    • Ritualistic, regime-supportive activities
      • Voting and attending campaign rallies, for example
    • Petitioning or contacting of public officials to influence the allocation of some public good or service
      • By law voting is obligatory
      • Voting turnout
      • Closeness of 2006 presidential vote
trends in contemporary mexican political culture
Trends in Contemporary Mexican Political Culture
  • Derive from environmental conditions and exposure to the historic events
  • The trends
    • Modernization
      • Parochial decreasing
      • Still many “subjects”
      • More participatory
    • Post-modern values in urban middle class
    • Self-determination & nationalism
    • Violence – a failed state?
    • Pull between economic advantages of NAFTA and cultural affinity with the rest of Latin America
recruiting the political elite activity inside of the system function
Recruiting the Political Elite: (Activity inside of the System Function )
  • Who becomes one of Mexico’s political elite?
    • Recruited predominantly from the middle class
    • 1982-2000 mostly people born or raised in Mexico City
      • Postgraduate education, especially at elite foreign universities and in disciplines such as economics and public administration
        • Vincente Fox favored persons with nongovernmental experience and who had no political party affiliation.
        • Calderon had an MA in economics and public administration (latter from Harvard) and had extensive party experience.
      • Kinship ties
        • Political inbreeding?
keep in mind
Keep in Mind
  • POLITICAL CULTURE AND SOCIALIZATION ARE DYNAMIC, NOT STATIC PHENOMENON