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Modern-Day Slavery. Lindsey Ludger Penn State Hazleton CAS 100 A October 12, 2009. Did you know?. Overview. Slavery of our time Reasons why people are trafficked

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slide1
Modern-Day Slavery

Lindsey Ludger

Penn State Hazleton CAS 100 A October 12, 2009

overview
Overview
  • Slavery of our time
  • Reasons why people are trafficked
  • Trafficking in the United States
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4z1XCrka-5I
slavery of our time
Slavery of our time
  • Similar to traditional slavery
  • Definition: The recruitment, harboring, transporting, provision or obtaining of a person for the purpose of exploitation or labor.
  • Involvesforce, fraud, or coercion. Victims are often kidnapped, sold, threatened, beaten, raped, tortured or drugged.
  • “White Slave Traffic”
reasons for trafficking 2 most common reasons why people traffic are
Reasons for Trafficking2 most common reasons why people traffic are…
  • Sexual Exploitation
  • Labor and Profit
sexual exploitation
Sexual exploitation
  • Victims are often lured, kidnapped, or forced into the slave trade. They can be coerced by lover boys, forced marriages, babysitting jobs, etc.
  • Market Demand: The demand for sex has increased due to pornography, propaganda, etc, but especially from male sex buyers. This creates profit incentive to entrap more victims.
  • According to the UNODC (United Nations office of Drugs and Crimes, women are the most frequent victims, followed by girls, boys, then men.
labor and profit
Labor and Profit
  • Profit and Economicpromise: greatest underlying cause for why they are trafficked.
  • Deceive and manipulate families into letting their children go.
  • Forced into indenturedservitude/debt bondage.
  • Employers use forced labor knowingly and unknowingly to maximize profits.
trafficking in the united states
Trafficking in the United States
  • One of the Largest destination countries, approximately 56%, used for sex trade.
  • Among the highest of reported cases according to the UNODC.
  • Those exploited for labor are often found in sweat shops, or homes (approx. 170,000)
  • Other victims: some born and raised in the U.S. find themselves pressed into servitude by fraudulent or deceptive means.
  • Some drugged, and lured into prostitution.
efforts to reduce trafficking
Efforts to reduce trafficking…
  • U.S. Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000.
  • Protect act 2003
  • “t Visa”
  • 33 States now have anti-trafficking laws, and prostitution is illegal in every state except Nevada.
  • Sept. 2008, New York passed the countries first law recognizing prostituted minors as victims.
recap
Recap
  • Human trafficking is modern-day slavery
  • The 2 most common reasons why people are trafficked are for sexual exploitation and labor and profit.
  • Human trafficking occurs in the United States more often than people think.
slide12
Q &A

If you have any questions you can email me at lxl505[email protected]

Or visit these sites:

www.humantrafficking.org

www.EndHumanTrafficking.org

www.ChildrenoftheNight.org

sources
Sources
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4z1XCrka-5I
  • http://ezaccess .libraries .psu .edu/login ?url=http://proquest .umi .com .ezaccess .libraries .psu .edu/pqdweb ?did=1622305971 &sid=7 &Fmt=3 &clientId=9874 &RQT=309 &VName=PQD
  • http://ezaccess .libraries .psu .edu/login ?url=http://proquest .umi .com .ezaccess .libraries .psu .edu/pqdweb ?did=1498096961 &sid=9 &Fmt=3 &clientId=9874 &RQT=309 &VName=PQD
  • http://ezaccess .libraries .psu .edu/login ?url=http://proquest .umi .com .ezaccess .libraries .psu .edu/pqdweb ?did=1016440431 &sid=15 &Fmt=4 &clientId=9874 &RQT=309 &VName=PQD
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