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The Long Decline. Crisis and Reforms 180 A.D.- Pax Romana ends In one 50 year period, there were 26 different emperors Political violence and instability. Economic and Social Problems High taxes, heavy burdens on business people and small farmers Poor farmland. Emperor Diocletian

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Crisis and Reforms

    • 180 A.D.- Pax Romana ends
    • In one 50 year period, there were 26 different emperors
    • Political violence and instability
slide3

Economic and Social Problems

    • High taxes, heavy burdens on business people and small farmers
    • Poor farmland
slide4

Emperor Diocletian

    • 284 A.D.- divided Roman Empire into 2 halves
    • Elaborate ceremonies
    • Inflation- rapid rise of prices
    • Sons required to follow in father’s footsteps
slide5

Emperor Constantine

    • 312- Constantine took the throne
    • Toleration to Christians
    • Constantinople
slide6

Mixed Results

    • Constantine and Diocletian revived the economy
    • Did not stop long-term decline
slide7

Foreign Invasions

    • Germanic peoples
    • East of the Rhine and north of the Danube
slide8

Impact of the Huns

    • Nomadic people
    • 350- Huns reached eastern Europe
    • Germanic people enter Roman territory for safety
    • Romans first surrendered Britain, France, and Spain
slide9

Rome Defeated

    • 378- Visigoths defeat Rome at Adrianople
    • 410- Alaric plundered Rome
    • Vandals moved through Gaul and Spain into North Africa
    • Attila the Hun- “Scourge of God”
    • 476- Odoacer ousted emperor of Rome
slide10

Causes of the Fall of Rome

    • Roman legions of the late empire lacked discipline and training
    • Mercenaries- foreign soldiers serving for pay
      • Little loyalty to Rome
slide11

Political Causes

    • Government lost support of the people
    • Corruption
    • Civil wars over succession
    • Dividing of the Empire
slide12

Economic Causes

    • Heavy taxes
    • Reliance on slave labor
    • Climatic change and population decline
slide13

Social Causes

    • Patriotism, discipline, and devotion to duty declined
    • Luxury and self-interest
    • Lack of self-reliance
slide14

Did Rome Fall?

    • Byzantine Empire
    • Latin and Roman laws
    • Christian Church