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UNDP’s work and role promoting Water Governance in Europe & CIS Towards a new Regional Programme “Applying a Human Rights-based Approach (HRBA) to Water Governance”. Juerg Staudenmann Water Governance Advisor. Overview . UNDP’s mandate & Water Governance strategy

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juerg staudenmann water governance advisor

UNDP’s work and role promoting Water Governance in Europe & CIS Towards a new Regional Programme “Applying a Human Rights-based Approach (HRBA) to Water Governance”

Juerg Staudenmann

Water Governance Advisor

overview
Overview
  • UNDP’s mandate & Water Governance strategy
  • Water as key driver for Human Development
  • UNDP’s work in Europe & CIS region
  • Why a new programme?

UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre

undp s mandate
UNDP’s mandate

“TheUN's global development network, advocating for change and connecting countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life”

  • MDGs as overarching framework / coordinator of UN Development Group
    • over 160 Country Offices (UN country team)
    • National, regional and global projects (UNDP and joint)
  • UNDP Strategic Plan: 1 pillar on “Environment & Sustainable Development”
    • Mainstreaming ESD into development
    • Facilitating financing and access to environmental services (at local level  pro-poor)
    • Promoting adaptation to climate change

 “Water and Sanitation” as priority area of intervention!

UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre

why water governance
Why Water Governance ?
  • Key HDR 2006 findings:
    • Water & sanitation is essential for life and livelihoods
    • Water & sanitation are key drivers to achieve majority of MDGs
    • “Global Water Crisis” is a crisis for the poor and marginalized (large disparities between rural and urban areas, but also between poor and privileged parts of society)
    • Even lower political commitment to sanitation and hygiene (2.6 billion people lacking access; 1.8 million child deaths/year)
    • Climate Change will add another dimension
    • The growing “Water Crisis” is a problem of Water Governance, not so much of lacking water resources or population growth
  • Key recommendations:
    • Make water a human right – legislatively
    • Support national strategies for IWRM, water and sanitation (incl. empowerment of the poor, gender, climate change, …)
    • Advocate for increase of international aid (+ USD 3-4 billion/year = ODA x2)

UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre

undp s water governance strategy
UNDP’s Water Governance strategy
  • Reduce poverty and vulnerability, enhance livelihoods, and protect environmental resources through “adaptive water governance”, by supporting countries to:
    • achieve equitable allocation and efficient water resources management
    • achieve or exceed the water supply and sanitation MDGs
    • enhance regional and global cooperation, peace, security and socio-economic development.

… through:

    • National strategies for equitable management of water
    • Local action on water and sanitation
    • Cooperation on Transboundary Waters
    • Adaptation to climate change
    • Global and regional advocacy

Across: Capacity development; Gender equality; Human rights based approach

UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre

water as key to achieve the mdgs
Water as key to achieve the MDGs
  • Almost all MDGs cannot be achieved if water fails!
    • Child mortality & maternal health
    • Education-sanitation nexus (adequate facilities for girls; health)
    • Gender equality (reduced vulnerability)
    • Water – poverty nexus (enhanced livelihood security; pro-poor economic growth; health – work force link)
  • Transboundary Interdependence

90% of population in countries with shared river basins

  • Competing demands for water means the poor will lose out on all fronts unless we
    • Change and improve “water governance”
    • Be prepared to adapt to (climate) change
  • Successfully tackling the WSS crises could trigger next leap forward in human development !

UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre

wss human development link
WSS – Human Development link

UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre

undp s water governance portfolio in the europe cis region
UNDP’s Water Governance portfolio in the Europe & CIS region
  • Regional projects:
    • GEF-implementing agency
    • Transboundary Water Management (e.g. Danube/Black Sea, Dnipro, Caspian Sea, Kura-Aras, ...)
  • National / local project:
    • IWRM – National and participatory planning & implementation (e.g. Kazakhstan, new CA-project)
    • WSS (e.g. BiH, Tajikistan, Armenia)
    • Mainstreaming “water-activities” in rural development (e.g. Crimea, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan), Climate change & energy-reform (e.g. Albania, Bulgaria), biodiversity conservation (e.g. Macedonia, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Hungary, …)
    • Private sector involvement (e.g. UNDP-Coca Cola Partnership “Every Drop Matters” in Croatia, Kazakhstan, Romania, Turkey, …)

UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre

working in partnership
Working in partnership
  • UNECE / WHO / bilateral partners: Protocol on Water & Health / HRBA
  • EC / EUWI / UNECE / OECD: “Common Framework for Addressing Water Issues in Central Asia”
  • UNECE / OSCE / RECs: Environment & Security Initiative
  • Cap-Net / GWP: Capacity building, networking, stakeholder platforms
  • Stockholm Water Governance Facility / SIWI: expertise & support (e.g. “water intelligent reports”)
  • Local and bilateral partners: Projects and concrete action on the ground!

UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre

knowledge management undp water community of practice cop
Knowledge Management & UNDP Water Community of Practice (CoP)
  • Knowledge Management Platform:WaterWiki (http://WaterWiki.net)
    • A Wiki-platform (like Wikipedia) with projects, Who is who, reports, articles, etc.
    • Currently under revision (upgrade, new features, new content, Russian translations, expansion)
    • Idea: Dynamic linking, e.g. with UNECE River Basin Assessment, EC Guideline on Water, etc.

UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre

why a new programme situation in rbec
Why a new programme?  Situation in RBEC

Countries PROJECTED in business-as-usual scenario NOT to achieve the water supply or sanitation MDGs (in progress):

UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre

why a new programme linking water governance with human rights
Why a new programme linking Water Governance with Human Rights?
  • Taking the opportunity!

 Special (favorable) regional context with the Protocol on Water & Health

  • Aim:

 Establish a regional umbrella, which

    • is closely linked to emerging activities (foremost under the Protocol on Water & Health)
    • serves as basis to build strong partnerships
    • supports the identification of “niches” to develop concrete interventionsto apply a HRBA
  • Ultimate objective:

 Develop and implement concrete projects at national and local level

UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre

thank you

Thank you!

For further information visit:

http://WaterWiki.net