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OVERVIEW OF PLANNING FRAMEWORK IN THE CONTEXT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA Strategic Planning Learning Exchange ‘fostering learning of the global south” 13 JUNE 2011. outline. Legislative overview Planning framework Municipal planning Other challenges Key lessons.

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OVERVIEW OF PLANNING FRAMEWORK IN THE CONTEXT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA

Strategic Planning Learning Exchange ‘fostering learning of the global south”

13 JUNE 2011

outline
outline
  • Legislative overview
  • Planning framework
  • Municipal planning
  • Other challenges
  • Key lessons
municipal planning
Municipal Planning
  • Each municipality is required to develop an Integrated Development Plan (IDP) in terms of the Municipal System Act
  • The IDP is an strategic development plan for a the 5 year Mayoral Term and is reviewed annually with budget cycle
  • Municipalities are then required to draft a Service Delivery and Budget Implementation Plan (operation plan) in terms of the Municipal Finance Management Act
municipal planning6
Municipal Planning
  • The Integrated Development Plan (IDP) is the key policy document that:
    • Is a plan of how a municipality will spend its budget (business plan)
    • Is a representation of community needs
    • Articulates a clear long term vision with sector plans (transportation, human settlements, water sector plans, etc) – Long Term Plan
    • Is a consolidation of all government plans at a local level
    • Conveys key areas of municipal performance
    • Includes an HRD and institutional plan
    • Articulates governments requirements for municipal turnarounds
    • Includes a spatial vision/framework through the development of spatial development frameworks
other key issues
Other Key issues
  • From a Municipal Perspective there are multiple departments that influence planning
    • National planning commission residing in the Presidency
    • National Treasury planning with large cities (with Human Settlements and Transport Ministries)
    • National Rural Development responsible for rural development
    • Cooperative Governance responsible for IDP oversight
  • Land use management legislation out of date and currently being revised (Continued co-existence of separate/parallel legislation)
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Example of Provincial GDS

National (National SDF)/Provincial (GDS or Provincial SDF vs Local PlanningTypical Provincial GDS indicators
  • 8% growth rate
  • Access to water and sanitation by 2010
  • Access to electricity by 2012
  • Tarring of roads by 2009
  • Formalisation of informal settlements by 2009
  • Eradication of identified existing informal settlements by 2014,
  • Eradicate bucket systems 2006
  • Universal provision of free basic
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Key lessons and points for consideration

  • Simplify system of planning for SA, especially for smaller municipalities and introduce a differentiated approach
    • Framework in place but no effective coordination of national and provincial planning to ensure their interests are reflected locally (no system to manage competing interests)
    • No relationship between long, medium and short term planning systems across spheres – eg national transport plan to a local public transportation plan
    • Constitutional court decision on Municipal Planning - clarify role of provinces and national government
    • Dealing with informality/under development in our planning remains a challenge (job creation, informal settlements upgrade, land use management for informal areas, etc)
    • Need to align fiscal transfers to planning processes