Contempt & the Collateral Bar Rule.
(2) Persons Bound. The order binds only the following who receive actual notice of it by personal service or otherwise:
Yes: - (1) FRCP 26 requires that new state officer automatically be substituted for old in pending lawsuits against such officers in their official capacity. (2) It follows that under FRCP 65(d)(2) a new state officer would be substituted for old – and thus bound by – an existing injunction issued in an official capacity case. Presumption seems to be that the successor in interest is “acting in concert” with former official since all work is done in official capacity.