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“Those who don't know history are destined to repeat it.” - Edmund Burke - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Big Idea. “Those who don't know history are destined to repeat it.” - Edmund Burke. What is Technology?. Technology is the application of knowledge, tools and skills to solve problems and extend human capabilities. The Palaeolithic Age. 500,000 BC – 10,000 BC

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“Those who don't know history are destined to repeat it.” - Edmund Burke


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. The Big Idea “Those who don't know history are destined to repeat it.” - Edmund Burke

    2. What is Technology? • Technology is the application of knowledge, tools and skills to solve problems and extend human capabilities.

    3. The Palaeolithic Age • 500,000 BC – 10,000 BC • Earliest known stone tools • Stone axes, bone needles • Impact of technology • Improved health • Enhanced security • Enabled humans to increase population

    4. Mesolithic Age • 10,000 BC – 4000 BC • Development of composite tools • Leatherwork, basketry, fishing tackle • Domestication of animals • Impacts of Technology • Farming, domestication of animals, beginning of settled communities.

    5. Neolithic Age • 4000 BC – 2300 BC • Development of agriculture, year round settlements • Pottery, polished stone tools, spinning and weaving tools, wooden and stone plows, sickles. • Impacts of Technology – • Dependable year round food, division of labor that spurs invention and innovation

    6. Bronze Age • 2300 BC – 700 BC • Earliest civilizations - the development of metallurgy, mainly the combining of copper and tin to make bronze. • Bronze jewelry, tools, and weapons. • Impact of Technology - Stone tools were gradually replaced by metal ones. Enabled humans to alter their environment at a great rate

    7. Iron Age • 700 BC – 450 AD • The use of iron as the main metal. • Iron dagger, iron chisels, small figurines, ornamental jewelry, swords, axes, spearheads. • Impact of technology • Military dominance for uses of iron weapons and the use of iron bladed plows enabled humans to cultivate heavier soils and increase food production

    8. Middle Ages • 450 –1400 AD • The period of European history between fall of Rome and the Renaissance • Wheeled plow, improved harness for horses, horseshoes, stirrups, waterwheels, crank, windmill, cast iron, cannons, mechanical clock, compass, ocean-going ships. • Impact of technology - The rise and decline of serfdom and feudalism, the rise of the money economy and capitalism, the expansion and contraction of economic activity, and the beginnings of urbanization and industrialization.

    9. Renaissance Age • 1400-1750 AD • The transitional movement in Europe between the middle ages and modern times, marked by a humanistic revival of classical influence • Telescope, microscope, thermometer, clocks, barometer • Impact of technology - Instrumentation enabled early scientists to observe and quantify natural phenomena.

    10. Industrial Age • 1750-1950 AD • The cultural stage characterized by the first use of complex machinery, factories, urbanization, and other economic and general social changes from strictly agricultural societies. • Steam engine, electricity, automobile, airplane, radio, television, telephone, and rocket. • Impact of technology - The Industrial Revolution gave rise to urban centers requiring vast municipal services, created a specialized and interdependent economic life, and provided the economic base for the rise of the professions, population expansion, and improvement in living standards.

    11. Information Age • 1950 AD–Present • Starting in the 1950s and continuing today in which the gathering, manipulation, classification, storage, and retrieval of information is central to the workings of society. • Transistor, integrated circuit, computer, communication satellite, digital photography, artificial heart, nuclear power plant, space shuttle. • Impact of technology - As information becomes more widely available, increasing numbers of individuals and organizations will be in a better position to make decisions that “experts” now make, decentralizing decision making and empowering more people.

    12. Technology is a Powerful Force Throughout history, technology has been a powerful force in reshaping the social, cultural, political, and economic landscape.