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Chapter 5-Language. Language is a fundamental part of one’s cultural identity. 2.5 Million Years Ago…. This is how long ago language first developed to organize human activity

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chapter 5 language

Chapter 5-Language

Language is a fundamental part of one’s cultural identity

2 5 million years ago
2.5 Million Years Ago…
  • This is how long ago language first developed to organize human activity
  • Once these speakers diffused (moved) to various places on earth, language divergence occurred; new languages and dialects were spawned from an original source
reverse reconstruction
Reverse Reconstruction..
  • If 2 languages share a common word for an extinct animal that no longer exists
  • And that animal only existed in one of the many places where the 2 languages are now spoken,
  • Then one possible conclusion is that language diffused from the place where animal once existed, & the speakers carried with them the word for the hearth’s extinct animal
language tree geographers organized languages into this
Language Tree-Geographers Organized Languages Into This.
  • Language tee is subdivided into the following hierarchy:
  • 19 language families
  • Each family has its own branches
  • Each branch has its own groups
  • Each group has its own language
  • Each language has its own dialects