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Unit Four Vocabulary. Grade Seven. 1. alliance (n) a joining together for some common purpose syn : pact, league, coalition ant : rift, split Ex. The companies formed an alliance to go green and protect the environment. 2. bewilder (v) to puzzle completely, to confuse

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1. alliance (n) a joining together for some common purpose

syn: pact, league, coalition

ant: rift, split

Ex. The companies formed an alliance to go green and protect the environment.

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2. bewilder (v) to puzzle completely, to confuse

syn: baffle, perplex

ant: set straight, enlighten

Ex. The Sudoku bewildered the student.

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3. buffoon (n) a clown; a coarse, stupid person

syn: jester, fool

Ex. A buffoon may be entertaining at a circus but would be out of place at a funeral.

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4. controversial (adj) arousing argument, dispute, or disagreement

syn: arguable, debatable

Ex. The candidates discuss controversial subjects at a debate.

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5. dishearten (v) to discourage

syn: dismay, demoralize, dispirit

ant: encourage, hearten

Ex. Do not be disheartened if you do not make the team. Try again next year.

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6. fruitless (adj) not producing the desired result; unsuccessful

syn: useless, vain, unproductive, futile

ant: productive, effective

Ex. The fruitless attempt to make the squad left the young player disheartened.

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7. hostile (adj) unfriendly; unfavorable; warlike, aggressive

ant: friendly, cordial, peaceful

Ex. Opposing candidates appear hostile to each other.

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8. inflammable (adj) easily set on fire; easily angered or aroused

syn: combustible, flammable, excitable

ant: fireproof, fire-resistant, calm

Ex. The crowd of protestors was inflammable. It took little to get them angry.

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9.inflict (v) to give or cause something unpleasant; impose

syn: deal out, visit upon

ant: suffer, undergo, sustain

Ex. When the girl accidentally touched the hot frying pan, pain was immediately inflicted on her hand.

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10. malignant (adj) deadly, extremely harmful, evil; spiteful, malicious

syn: lethal, wicked

ant: wholesome, beneficial, benign

Ex. Holes in the ozone are having a malignant effect on the world.

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11. mortify (v)to hurt someone’s feelings deeply; to cause embarrassment or humiliation; to subdue or discipline by self-denial or suffering

syn: humiliate, embarrass, abash

Ex. The boy was mortified when he shot his first basket of the game in the wrong hoop.

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12. orthodox (adj) in agreement with established or generally accepted beliefs or ways of doing things

syn: traditional, standard, customary

ant: unusual, unconventional, heretical

Ex. I will never drop in uninvited to someone’s home. I have an orthodox view that one must be invited before appearing at someone’s door.

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13. procure (v) to obtain through special effort; to bring about

syn: gain, acquire, achieve

Ex. The Drama Club procures funding for each show from the profits from the previous show.

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14. scurry (v) to run quickly, scamper, hurry

syn: rush, dash, scramble

ant: trudge, plod, creep, crawl

Ex. When playing dodge ball, players scurry out of the way of a flying dodge ball.

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15. sodden (adj) soaked with liquid or moisture; expressionless; dull; spiritless, listless

syn: drenched, waterlogged, saturated

ant: parched, arid

Ex. I became sodden quickly during the deluge.

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16. spirited (adj) full of life and vigor; courageous

syn: lively, animated, gallant

ant: lifeless, dull, lackluster

Ex. The cheerleader was spirited and motivated the team into a second effort to win the game.

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17. virtual (adj) having a certain force or effect in fact but not in name; so close as to be equivalent to the real thing

syn: functioning as, equivalent to

Ex. Although he had not been officially elected as class president, he ran everything already and was virtually the leader.

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18. void (adj) completely empty; having no legal force or effect

(n) empty or unfilled space

(v) to cancel or nullify

syn: (adj) invalid, vacant, bare

ant: (adj) in effect, teeming with (v) confirm

Ex. The Milky Way is not void; six planets reside there.

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19. wayward (adj) disobedient, willful; unpredictable, capricious

syn: perverse

ant: docile, well-behaved, predictable

Ex. The untrained puppy was wayward and chewed through many things.

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20. wince (v) to draw back suddenly, as though in pain or fear

(n) the act of drawing back in this way

syn: (v) flinch, shudder, recoil

Ex. The girl winced when she accidentally touched the hot frying pan.