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Unit Four Vocabulary. Grade Seven. 1. alliance (n) a joining together for some common purpose syn : pact, league, coalition ant : rift, split Ex. The companies formed an alliance to go green and protect the environment. 2. bewilder (v) to puzzle completely, to confuse

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1. alliance (n) a joining together for some common purpose

syn: pact, league, coalition

ant: rift, split

Ex. The companies formed an alliance to go green and protect the environment.


2. bewilder (v) to puzzle completely, to confuse

syn: baffle, perplex

ant: set straight, enlighten

Ex. The Sudoku bewildered the student.


3. buffoon (n) a clown; a coarse, stupid person

syn: jester, fool

Ex. A buffoon may be entertaining at a circus but would be out of place at a funeral.


4. controversial (adj) arousing argument, dispute, or disagreement

syn: arguable, debatable

Ex. The candidates discuss controversial subjects at a debate.


5. dishearten (v) to discourage

syn: dismay, demoralize, dispirit

ant: encourage, hearten

Ex. Do not be disheartened if you do not make the team. Try again next year.


6. fruitless (adj) not producing the desired result; unsuccessful

syn: useless, vain, unproductive, futile

ant: productive, effective

Ex. The fruitless attempt to make the squad left the young player disheartened.


7. hostile (adj) unfriendly; unfavorable; warlike, aggressive

ant: friendly, cordial, peaceful

Ex. Opposing candidates appear hostile to each other.


8. inflammable (adj) easily set on fire; easily angered or aroused

syn: combustible, flammable, excitable

ant: fireproof, fire-resistant, calm

Ex. The crowd of protestors was inflammable. It took little to get them angry.


9.inflict (v) to give or cause something unpleasant; impose

syn: deal out, visit upon

ant: suffer, undergo, sustain

Ex. When the girl accidentally touched the hot frying pan, pain was immediately inflicted on her hand.


10. malignant (adj) deadly, extremely harmful, evil; spiteful, malicious

syn: lethal, wicked

ant: wholesome, beneficial, benign

Ex. Holes in the ozone are having a malignant effect on the world.


11. mortify (v)to hurt someone’s feelings deeply; to cause embarrassment or humiliation; to subdue or discipline by self-denial or suffering

syn: humiliate, embarrass, abash

Ex. The boy was mortified when he shot his first basket of the game in the wrong hoop.


12. orthodox (adj) in agreement with established or generally accepted beliefs or ways of doing things

syn: traditional, standard, customary

ant: unusual, unconventional, heretical

Ex. I will never drop in uninvited to someone’s home. I have an orthodox view that one must be invited before appearing at someone’s door.


13. procure (v) to obtain through special effort; to bring about

syn: gain, acquire, achieve

Ex. The Drama Club procures funding for each show from the profits from the previous show.


14. scurry (v) to run quickly, scamper, hurry

syn: rush, dash, scramble

ant: trudge, plod, creep, crawl

Ex. When playing dodge ball, players scurry out of the way of a flying dodge ball.


15. sodden (adj) soaked with liquid or moisture; expressionless; dull; spiritless, listless

syn: drenched, waterlogged, saturated

ant: parched, arid

Ex. I became sodden quickly during the deluge.


16. spirited (adj) full of life and vigor; courageous

syn: lively, animated, gallant

ant: lifeless, dull, lackluster

Ex. The cheerleader was spirited and motivated the team into a second effort to win the game.


17. virtual (adj) having a certain force or effect in fact but not in name; so close as to be equivalent to the real thing

syn: functioning as, equivalent to

Ex. Although he had not been officially elected as class president, he ran everything already and was virtually the leader.


18. void (adj) completely empty; having no legal force or effect

(n) empty or unfilled space

(v) to cancel or nullify

syn: (adj) invalid, vacant, bare

ant: (adj) in effect, teeming with (v) confirm

Ex. The Milky Way is not void; six planets reside there.


19. wayward (adj) disobedient, willful; unpredictable, capricious

syn: perverse

ant: docile, well-behaved, predictable

Ex. The untrained puppy was wayward and chewed through many things.


20. wince (v) to draw back suddenly, as though in pain or fear

(n) the act of drawing back in this way

syn: (v) flinch, shudder, recoil

Ex. The girl winced when she accidentally touched the hot frying pan.