Unit Four Vocabulary. Grade Seven. 1. alliance (n) a joining together for some common purpose syn : pact, league, coalition ant : rift, split Ex. The companies formed an alliance to go green and protect the environment. 2. bewilder (v) to puzzle completely, to confuse
syn: pact, league, coalition
ant: rift, split
Ex. The companies formed an alliance to go green and protect the environment.
syn: baffle, perplex
ant: set straight, enlighten
Ex. The Sudoku bewildered the student.
syn: jester, fool
Ex. A buffoon may be entertaining at a circus but would be out of place at a funeral.
syn: arguable, debatable
Ex. The candidates discuss controversial subjects at a debate.
syn: dismay, demoralize, dispirit
ant: encourage, hearten
Ex. Do not be disheartened if you do not make the team. Try again next year.
6. fruitless (adj) not producing the desired result; unsuccessful
syn: useless, vain, unproductive, futile
ant: productive, effective
Ex. The fruitless attempt to make the squad left the young player disheartened.
ant: friendly, cordial, peaceful
Ex. Opposing candidates appear hostile to each other.
syn: combustible, flammable, excitable
ant: fireproof, fire-resistant, calm
Ex. The crowd of protestors was inflammable. It took little to get them angry.
syn: deal out, visit upon
ant: suffer, undergo, sustain
Ex. When the girl accidentally touched the hot frying pan, pain was immediately inflicted on her hand.
10. malignant (adj) deadly, extremely harmful, evil; spiteful, malicious
syn: lethal, wicked
ant: wholesome, beneficial, benign
Ex. Holes in the ozone are having a malignant effect on the world.
11. mortify (v)to hurt someone’s feelings deeply; to cause embarrassment or humiliation; to subdue or discipline by self-denial or suffering
syn: humiliate, embarrass, abash
Ex. The boy was mortified when he shot his first basket of the game in the wrong hoop.
12. orthodox (adj) in agreement with established or generally accepted beliefs or ways of doing things
syn: traditional, standard, customary
ant: unusual, unconventional, heretical
Ex. I will never drop in uninvited to someone’s home. I have an orthodox view that one must be invited before appearing at someone’s door.
syn: gain, acquire, achieve
Ex. The Drama Club procures funding for each show from the profits from the previous show.
syn: rush, dash, scramble
ant: trudge, plod, creep, crawl
Ex. When playing dodge ball, players scurry out of the way of a flying dodge ball.
15. sodden (adj) soaked with liquid or moisture; expressionless; dull; spiritless, listless
syn: drenched, waterlogged, saturated
ant: parched, arid
Ex. I became sodden quickly during the deluge.
syn: lively, animated, gallant
ant: lifeless, dull, lackluster
Ex. The cheerleader was spirited and motivated the team into a second effort to win the game.
17. virtual (adj) having a certain force or effect in fact but not in name; so close as to be equivalent to the real thing
syn: functioning as, equivalent to
Ex. Although he had not been officially elected as class president, he ran everything already and was virtually the leader.
(n) empty or unfilled space
(v) to cancel or nullify
syn: (adj) invalid, vacant, bare
ant: (adj) in effect, teeming with (v) confirm
Ex. The Milky Way is not void; six planets reside there.
ant: docile, well-behaved, predictable
Ex. The untrained puppy was wayward and chewed through many things.
(n) the act of drawing back in this way
syn: (v) flinch, shudder, recoil
Ex. The girl winced when she accidentally touched the hot frying pan.