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International transport and trade statistics. Jasper Roos CBS / Statistics Netherlands Unit International trade. Motive. In the Netherlands the international trade is complex due to: Different definitions of between Eurostat and National Accounts Rotterdam Harbor and Schiphol Airport

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international transport and trade statistics

International transport and trade statistics

Jasper Roos

CBS / Statistics Netherlands

Unit International trade

motive
Motive
  • In the Netherlands the international trade is complex due to:
    • Different definitions of between Eurostat and National Accounts
    • Rotterdam Harbor and Schiphol Airport
    • The number of distribution centres
    • Globalisation
  • Effect: A lot of confusion
  • But: not only in the Netherlands
the cross border good flows
The cross-border good flows
  • Good flow:
  • Import and export
    • Exports from domestic production
    • Re-exports
  • Quasi-transit (“Rotterdam effect”)
  • Transit via customs warehouse
  • ‘Real’ transit
the cross border good flows1
The cross-border good flows
  • Good flow: Belongs to intern.
  • trade in goods:
  • Import and export Yes
    • Exports from domestic production
    • Re-exports
  • Quasi-transit (“Rotterdam effect”) Only community
  • concept
  • Transit via customs warehouse No
  • ‘Real’ transit No
difference re exports and quasi transit
Difference re-exports and quasi-transit
  • Ownership:
  • Re-exports – A resident is owner of the goods
  • Quasi-transit – Owner is always a non-resident
  • Effect: Trade margin does not apply to reporting country any longer (in theory)
difference re exports quasi transit and transit through customs warehouse
Difference re-exports / quasi-transit and transit through customs warehouse
  • Customs Status:
  • Re-exports / - Goods in free circulation of
  • Quasi-transit European Union
  • Transit through - Not yet cleared goods
  • customs warehouse
  • Effect: By definition transit through customs warehouse not in the concept of international trade in goods
difference re exports quasi transit and real transit
Difference re-exports / quasi-transit and ‘real’ transit
  • Classified as re-exports or quasi-transit if:
  • Either: Clearing
  • Or: Storing (in case of goods in free
  • circulation of European Union)
  • Or: Trading (in case of goods in free
  • circulation of European Union)
  • Otherwise: Transit
  • Effect: Transit does not belong to the concept of the international trade in goods
difference theory and practice
Difference theory and practice
  • International trade in goods statistics should monitor all relevant cross-border good flows, but:
    • Choice between clearing or not clearing → Included or excluded from international trade in goods statistics
    • Ownership by a foreign resident (quasi-transit) → Excluded from national concept
  • Do our definitions still reflect the real world ???