a review of the literature with your hosts writing center staff and faculty l.
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
A Review of the Literature With Your Hosts Writing Center Staff and Faculty

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 24

A Review of the Literature With Your Hosts Writing Center Staff and Faculty - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

A Review of the Literature With Your Hosts Writing Center Staff and Faculty. Objectives. Explore the Role of the Literature Review by examining: The Definition The Purpose Strategies for Accessing the Literature Strategies for Reading the Literature Strategies for Crafting the Review.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'A Review of the Literature With Your Hosts Writing Center Staff and Faculty' - etta

Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
  • Explore the Role of the Literature Review by examining:
    • The Definition
    • The Purpose
    • Strategies for Accessing the Literature
    • Strategies for Reading the Literature
    • Strategies for Crafting the Review
questions to ask
Questions to ask
  • What is the specific research problem that the literature review seeks to resolve?
  • What type of literature review is to be conducted (theories, policies, methodologies)?
  • What is the scope of the literature review (journals, books, popular media)?
a template to keep in mind
A template to keep in mind
  • Compile
    • Gather the literature
  • Critique
    • Determine the value
  • Categorize
    • Organize according to common denominators
  • Comprehend
    • Understand the content well enough to teach it.
  • Compose
    • Write the literature review.
literature review defined
Literature Review Defined
  • Any collection of materials on a topic.
    • Scholarly peer-reviewed articles
    • Government documents
    • Conference proceedings
    • Personal communication
    • Unpublished pamphlets
    • Internal documents
purpose of the literature review
Purpose of the Literature Review
  • To convey to the reader what knowledge and ideas have been established on a topic.
    • Strengths
    • Weaknesses
    • Oddities
purpose of the literature review7
Purpose of the Literature Review
  • Allows a researcher to demonstrate:
    • Information seeking skills, that is, the ability to scan the literature efficiently to identify a set of useful articles and books.
    • Critical appraisal skills, that is, the ability to apply principles of analysis to identify unbiased and valid studies.
purpose of the literature review8
Purpose of the Literature Review
  • Provides a handy guide to a particular topic.
  • Useful reports keeping a professional updated on what is current in the field.
  • Emphasizes the credibility of the writer by establishing their authority on a topic.
  • Provides a solid background for a paper’s investigation.
accessing the literature
Accessing the Literature
  • Carry out a comprehensive literature search.
    • May be disciplinary or interdisciplinary.
    • Review all types of publications (journals, books, govt. documents, popular media).
    • Start with a broad range and then narrow.
    • Review all internal references.
    • Consult with others.
reading the literature
Reading the Literature
  • Active Reading means asking questions.
    • What is similar in the literature (methodologies, philosophies, assertions, interpretation of evidence)?
    • What is different?
    • What are the gaps, that is, what requires further exploration?
    • What stands out?
reading the literature11
Reading the Literature
  • Active Reading continued…
    • Has the author formulated a problem/issue?
    • Is it clearly defined (significance, scope, relevance)?
    • What is the theoretical framework?
    • How is the theoretical framework related to the research perspectives?
    • Is this a good read?
reading the literature12
Reading the Literature
  • Keep track of the following:
    • Perspective
    • Problem or issue
    • Specific claims
    • Evidence
    • Objectivity
    • Persuasiveness
    • Results
    • Conclusion
reading the literature13
Reading the Literature
  • Annotate.
    • Ask questions, jot down ideas, highlight.
  • Keep detailed notes.
    • Note the source.
    • Track keywords
    • Note themes.
  • Consider a chart or a table.
    • A matrix can help.
writing the literature review
Writing the Literature Review
  • In the body you should:
    • Group articles according to common denominators (examples?).
    • Summarize articles as each merits according to its comparative importance in the literature.
    • Provide the reader with direction, leading them back to your research problem and to the “so what” and “who cares.”
writing the literature review16
Writing the Literature Review
  • In the conclusion you should:
    • Summarize major contributions while maintaining the focus established in the introduction.
    • Demonstrate the gap in the research, returning the reader to your specific problem.
    • Provide insight into the relationship between the literature and your original research, use the language of a social scientist.
  • No one who is working on their dissertation enjoys coming across material that seems to refute a major premise
  • Pretending there are not two sides does not make it true
  • Tackle the best points of the other side
  • Look for intersections
  • This is not a cage match; it is research
common problems
Common Problems
  • Reliance on textbooks or books that are not peer reviewed
  • Reliance on websites of questionable worth
  • Reliance on secondary sources
  • Using wikipedia or other online encyclopedias to substantiate definitions
secondary sources
Secondary Sources
  • Identified by:
  • (Cass, cited in Boss, 2003)
  • Another type of secondary source involves pulling citations from a reference list (e.g., from a textbook) and pasting them into your reference list. The reference list is not a bibliography.
academic integrity
Academic Integrity
  • Cutting and pasting a series of abstracts is not reviewing the literature.
  • Remember to place the scholarship in the context of your study (this requires that you synthesize).
  • Researchers write for a discipline, the literature review should be understandable to an outside audience.
  • Stealing other people’s words or ideas without giving them credit is unethical.
avoiding plagiarism
Avoiding Plagiarism
  • Copy all materials used as sources (or keep electronic copies of original articles).
  • Put names of authors next to all notes that you take. If you have quoted the material from the source, use quotation marks.
  • Soon all students will be required to submit their dissertations to Turnitin to help you spot “careless omissions” and to make corrections prior to the final submission.
direct quotes
Direct Quotes
  • Avoid them unless absolutely necessary.
  • Randomly pick 10 journal articles - you will rarely see quotations used.
  • Excessive quotations means the work really is not yours. You are just “parroting” others.
  • If you use more than a few quotations, your committee will likely send you back to paraphrase and integrate through synthesis.
elements of style
Elements of Style
  • Revise and rewrite until it flows. Revision is everything!
  • Do not overwrite (don’t include every study; only include what is essential for the literature review for your study). Write simply and in short, complete sentences.
  • Avoid jargonistic writing; make sure your reader understands you.
  • Stay objective, and write in non-biased language.
  • Omit unnecessary words.
  • Be mindful of grammar and punctuation rules.
  • Literature Review Resources http://writingcenter.waldenu.edu/50.htm
  • Writing Center http://writingcenter.waldenu.edu/
  • Library http://library.waldenu.edu/
  • Residency Information http://residencies.waldenu.edu/