APA 6 th Edition for 2010. Prepared by Thomas N. Davidson, J.D. with materials from the Purdue University Owl http://owl.english.purdue.edu.
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Prepared by Thomas N. Davidson, J.D. with materials from the Purdue University Owl
Writing in the APA style may seem difficult and uncomfortable for some. Once you get the hang of it, it really is not all that difficult. Over the years, I have noticed some common student errors with respect to submitting assignments in proper APA format. Don't substitute your style of writing for the APA. Often students think they are writing in the APA style, but they try to jazz-up their papers with color, varying font, bolding and underlying where not appropriate. IWU offers helpful links on the OCLS website. I also have helpful links including sample papers written in the APA style as well an APA PowerPoint presentation on my personal website. I encourage you to visit it: www.thinblueline.ws/students. Take a look at the sample papers and compare your paper against them for proper formatting before you submit them for a grade. It is perfectly OK to use APA writing software that will automatically put your paper in APA format. OCLS has a link to ReferencePoint software that you can download or you may purchase your own
(American Psychological Association)
is the most commonly used format for manuscripts in the Social Sciences.
Language in an APA paper is:
Your essay must:
Your essay may include four major sections:
For most of your papers, an Abstract is not required
(use Insert Page Header)
title flush left + page number flush right.
(in the upper half of the page, centered)
name (no title or degree) + affiliation (university, etc.)
Page header: do NOT include “Running head:”
Abstract (centered, at the top of the page)
Write a brief (between 150 and 250 words) summary of your paper in an accurate, concise, and specific manner. Should contain: at research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. May also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings. May also include keywords.
An abstract is not required for your papers unless instructed to include one.
Do NOT include “Running head:” in the header after the title page!
APA is a complex system of citation, which is difficult to keep in mind. When compiling the reference list, the strategy below might be useful:
Whenever you use a source, provide in parenthesis:
In-text citations help readers locate the cited source in the References section of the paper.
When quoting, introduce the quotation with a signal phrase. Make sure to include the author’s name, the year of publication, the page number, but keep the citation brief—do not repeat the information.
There are several formats for a summary or paraphrase:
Formats for a summary or paraphrase (cont’d):
Internet users in Europe
Note. The data are adapted from “The European Union and Russia”(2007). Retrieved from
Figure 1. Internet users in Europe
Note: Eurostat Statistical books. (2007) The European Union and Russia: Statistical comparison. 2007 edition. Retrieved from http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu
First page of narrative; be sure to include title at top-center of page.
Sometime MS Word will enlarge the space between paragraphs more than double. This may occur even if you have selected double space in your document setup.
To correct this, either select all of your paper (Ctrl A) or highlight the area affected and click on the Paragraph icon in 2007 version or select File, Paragraph in older versions of MS Word.
The Paragraph box will appear. Look at the Spacing box. Use the up and down arrows of Before & After to get to 0. Be sure line spacing is set at double.
To remove hyperlinks, place your cursor on the email or web address and right click. Select Remove Hyperlink and click.