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War Industries Board. Distribution of raw materials Price control Standard specifications  Efficiency Ex.  3 Shoe Colors Permitted. Food Administration. Herbert Hoover Modern Cultivation instruction Efficiency in meal prep “Food will win the war”. War Labor Board.

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war industries board
War Industries Board
  • Distribution of raw materials
  • Price control
  • Standard specifications  Efficiency
  • Ex.  3 Shoe Colors Permitted
food administration
Food Administration
  • Herbert Hoover
  • Modern Cultivation instruction
  • Efficiency in meal prep
  • “Food will win the war”
war labor board
War Labor Board
  • Environment of gov’t/business collaboration
  • Many anti-trust laws suspended
  • Board pushes for:
    • 8-hour work day
    • Right to unionize
  • War years see rise in wages, improvement of conditions, and surge in union membership.
results of this new organization of the economy
Results of This New Organization of the Economy?
  • Unemployment virtually disappeared.
  • Expansion of “big government.”
  • Excessive govt. regulations in eco.
  • Some gross mismanagement  overlapping jurisdictions.
  • Close cooperation between public and private sectors.
  • Unprecedented opportunities for disadvantaged groups.
government excess threats to the civil liberties of americans
Government Excess & Threats to the Civil Liberties of Americans
  • Espionage Act– 1917
  • Sedition Act– 1918
1917 selective service act
1917 – Selective Service Act

24,000,000 men registered for the draft by the end of 1918.

4,800,000 men served in WW1 (2,000,000 saw active combat).

400,000 African-Americansserved in segregated units.

15,000 Native-Americans served as scouts, messengers, and snipers in non-segregated units.

slide7

The Peace Process

At Versailles

wilson s 14 points
Wilson’s 14 Points
  • 1 – 5:
    • Solution to problems that caused the war such as – SECRET TREATIES, TARIFFS, MILITARISM, & COLONIAL CONTROL.
  • 6 – 13:
    • Dealt with boundary changes in Europe
  • 14:
    • Called for creation of the League of Nations.
treaty s results
Treaty’s Results
  • Germany  Reparations.
  • War-Guilt Clause
  • New countries formed:
    • Ottoman Empire Broken up into Iraq, Syria, Lebanon & Palestine
    • Austria & Hungary Separate
    • Finnish Independence from Russia
    • Formation of Yugoslavia & Czechoslovakia
    • Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, & Estonia  Independent nations.
  • Fragile Truce
treaty s weaknesses
Treaty’s Weaknesses
  • Humiliation of Germany
  • Russia’s Post-revolutionary (Bolshevik) government feels ignored.
  • Treaty fails to address colonies, except stripping Germany of hers.
  • French refuse to grant Independence to colonies of Indochina  Rebel leader Ho Chi Minh.
  • Continued lack of European stability.
  • Self-Determination?
u s opposition to treaty
U.S. Opposition to Treaty
  • Congressmen vs. League of Nations  America forced to set foreign policy according to other nations.
  • Wilson’s delegation included NO Senators
  • Wilson’s 8000 mile speaking tour (35 speeches in 22 days)  Stroke
  • Treaty never ratified; Separate treaty with Germany.