Dr Daniel NYANGANYURA ICSU Regional Office for Africa d.nyanganyura@icsu-africa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Dr Daniel NYANGANYURA ICSU Regional Office for Africa d.nyanganyura@icsu-africa PowerPoint Presentation
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Dr Daniel NYANGANYURA ICSU Regional Office for Africa d.nyanganyura@icsu-africa

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  1. The Development of Research and Education Networking in Africa in sub-Saharan Africa: current and planned eGYAfrica Workshop: better Internet connectivity for research and education in AfricaAccra, 24-25 November 2010 Dr Daniel NYANGANYURA ICSU Regional Office for Africa d.nyanganyura@icsu-africa.org www.icsu-africa.org

  2. LIVELIHOOD IN AFRICA: Facts & Figures ■ Population: ~ 1B (14% of world Pop.) ■35 of the WORLD's 50 least developed countries are on the AFRICAN continent ■ About 70% of the African population LIVES on less than US$ 2 a day ■ 75% of the population in sub-Saharan Africa don’t have access to ELECTRICITY (Africa 73%, China 1.5%) ■ About 40% of the African population has no access to safe and clean drinking WATER ■Internet users sub-Saharan Africa (7.4%) ■ Telephone access sub-Saharan Africa: 1.6% (mobile 40% : Africa above 50%)

  3. AFRICAN CHALLENGES • African problems are transboundary in nature(health, energy, pollution, food security, climate change, communication)

  4. Scientific Research in Africa A map of the world with the areas of countries reshaped in proportion to their scientific growth African countries contributing 1.70% of world share of ISI-listed S&E papers Courtesy : James Wilsdon – Physics World October 2008

  5. Scientific Research in Africa • Number of scientists/engineers vs. population • (Less than 1 per 10,000 inhabitants) • Scientists don’t talk to each other • (few networks; little research collaborations; different voices; compete for funds) • Government/private sector/universities have no coodinated activities:scientific research carried out by non-scientists • Politicians don’t put money into research • Scientific Research & Educational Networks – Not growing fast enough - Scientists weakly connected - Limited access to information

  6. Scientific Research & Educational Networks: Current (active and in plan) • NRENs by Geo Area • East & Southern Africa – Alliance of NRENs (UbuntuNet); 12 countries • West & Central Africa – WACREN-Alliance in formation • Financial Support • Grants and inkind from some institutions (IDRC, PHE, ACBF) • No visible government hand

  7. Scientific Research & Educational Networks: Undersea Cables around Africa (2012) Expansion of e-infrastructure in & around Africa

  8. Scientific Research & Educational Networks: the future • Establishment & implementation of NRENs – priorities internet connectivity in academic & industrial research institutions/partners • Establishment of NRENs at national and regional level – NREN RREN RREN global - full potential use of digital info powerful enabler for research cooperation, sustainable dev., & prevent brain drain • Establishment & implementation -NRENs & government • Involvement of CSOs & others

  9. National Research & Educational Networks: the Future • Linked NRENs with other existing regional networks, initiatives and organizations networks (AU/NEPAD/ECA) • High performance communication environment -time & distance not limiting • Terrestrial infrastructure in Africa taking over from the expensive narrow band satellite links • Institutional benefits – national & regional networks The Future NRENs – based on collaborative effort

  10. Thank You High-Performance Communication Environment: A Strategy for Collective Action and Connectivity in Africa • For more information and up-dates, visit • ICSU global website: www.icsu.org • ICSU ROA website: www.icsu-africa.org