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POS/420. Introduction to Unix. Philip Robbins – March 27, 2014 (Week 1) University of Phoenix Kapolei Campus. Agenda: Week 1. Introductions Review Syllabus Week 1 History of Unix, Linux, and GNU UNIX / Linux Distributions Download & Install VM Player & Ubuntu Linux Run Ubuntu

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pos 420

POS/420

Introduction to Unix

Philip Robbins – March 27, 2014 (Week 1)

University of Phoenix Kapolei Campus

agenda week 1
Agenda: Week 1
  • Introductions
  • Review Syllabus
  • Week 1
    • History of Unix, Linux, and GNU
    • UNIX / Linux Distributions
    • Download & Install VM Player & Ubuntu Linux
    • Run Ubuntu
    • Learn some basic commands within Terminal
  • Quiz #1
what is unix
What is Unix
  • Unix developed by Ken Thompson
  • Bell Labs (AT&T) in 1969 and released in 1971.
  • Operating System initially written in assembly then in C.
the gnu project
The GNU Project
  • 1983, Richard Stallman @ MIT
  • Freeware Collaboration project
  • To give computer users freedom and control
  • Develop and distribute software with the following rights:
    • Users are free to run the software
    • Share it (copy & distribute)
    • Modify it
the gnu project1
The GNU Project
  • http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html
what is linux
What is Linux
  • Linux is an Operating System (OS) just like Windows and MAC OS.
  • Linux Kernel designed by Linus Torvalds
  • Linux is open source and free (GNU 1992)
  • Approximately 60% of servers use Linux.
what is unix linux
What is Unix / Linux
  • OS used on top 500 Supercomputers
the top 10 linux distributions 2013
The Top 10 Linux Distributions (2013)
  • Ubuntu
  • Linux Mint
  • Mageia
  • Fedora
  • openSUSE
  • Debian
  • Arch Linux
  • PCLinuxOS
  • Zorin OS
  • CentOS
advantages of linux
Advantages of Linux
  • No constant rebooting
  • Start/stop services without interrupting others
  • Portable
  • Flexible
  • Downloadable Applications
  • Settings aren’t hidden in code or registries
  • Open Source
  • Distribution Freedom
  • Vulnerabilities
what is a kernel
What is a kernel?
  • Central component to most Operating Systems
  • Interface to system hardware
  • In charge of access to computer resources
  • Implements multitasking for processes continuously competing for system resources (enforcing isolation).
let s install linux
Let’s Install Linux!
  • Work in Teams & help each other!
  • Download Ubuntu 12.10
    • http://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop
    • Ways to install:
    • .ISO file (Burn to DVD)
    • Live CD
    • Bootable USB
    • Dual Boot
    • Binaries
    • Virtual Machine (VM)
    • VPS
install vm player
Install VM Player
  • Download VMware Player
    • http://www.dorkatron.com/docs/POS420/1%20-%20SOFTWARE%20-%20VMware-player-5.0.1-894247.exe
run ubuntu vm
Run Ubuntu VM
  • Download & Extract “VM.rar”
    • http://www.dorkatron.com/docs/POS420/1%20-%20SOFTWARE%20-%20VM.rar
    • Download winrar
    • Run “POS420VM.vmx”
break
Break
  • Let’s take a break… RETURN @ 800PM
run ubuntu vm1
Run Ubuntu VM
  • Login to Ubuntu 12.10
    • Username: student
    • Password: 3
list directory contents
List directory contents
  • List the directory contents for student account.
list directory contents1
List directory contents
  • List the directory contents for student account.
print working directory
Print Working Directory
  • pwd for student account.
change your password
Change your password
  • Change password for student to “password”.
enable root administrator
Enable root (administrator)
  • Change password for root to “password”.
week 1 linux vm changes
Week 1 Linux VM Changes
  • Enabled root account
  • Password for “root” is now “password”
  • Password for “student” is now “password”
week 1 list of commands
Week 1 List of commands
  • man – manual pages
  • ls– list directory contents
  • pwd– print working directory
  • passwd– change password
  • sudo– execute command as superuser
  • su– login as superuser
  • shutdown – shutdown
quiz week 1
Quiz: Week 1
  • 10-15 minutes