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Parts of Speech. Chloe Cadarette Jasmin Farfan (: Alex Martinez October 14, 2010 English Honors Period 3. Nouns. Person, place, thing, or idea. EX: Teacher, school, book, mood. Common vs. Proper Nouns. A common noun is the names of anyone of a group of people, places, things, or ideas.

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parts of speech

Parts of Speech

Chloe Cadarette

JasminFarfan(:

Alex Martinez

October 14, 2010

English Honors Period 3

nouns
Nouns
  • Person, place, thing, or idea.
  • EX: Teacher, school, book, mood.
common vs proper nouns
Common vs. Proper Nouns
  • A common noun is the names of anyone of a group of people, places, things, or ideas.
  • EX: Teacher, school, town.
  • A proper noun is a name of a particular person, place, thing, or idea.
  • EX: Mrs. Bohac, West Valley, Hemet.
concrete vs abstract nouns
Concrete vs. Abstract Nouns
  • A concrete noun is a name of a person, place, or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses.
  • EX: Cloud, ivy, thunder, Chloe.
  • An abstract noun names an idea, a feeling, a quality, or a character.
  • EX: Beauty, kindness, sadness, Catholicism.
pronouns
Pronouns
  • A pronoun is a word that takes the place of one or more nouns.
  • EX: She, they, he, her, him.
antecedents
Antecedents
  • The noun a pronoun is replacing.
  • EX: My dog loves her toys.
personal pronouns
Personal Pronouns
  • A personal pronoun refers to the one speaking, the one spoken to, or the one spoken about.
  • EX: Me, my, mine, you, yours, he, him, his.
demonstrative pronouns
Demonstrative Pronouns
  • A demonstrative pronoun points out a specific person, place, thing, or idea.
  • EX: This, that, these, those.

Interrogative Pronouns

  • An interrogative pronoun introduces a question.
  • EX: Who, whom, which, what, whose.
adjectives
Adjectives
  • Adjectives are words that are used to describe a noun.
  • EX: It’s a fast car.
demonstrative adjectives
Demonstrative Adjectives
  • Demonstrative adjectives points out a specific adjective.
  • EX: This apple was picked from that tree.
pronouns vs adjectives
Pronouns vs. Adjectives
  • A pronoun takes the place of a noun, while an adjective describes a noun.
articles
Articles
  • An article refers to any member of a general group.
  • EX: A, an, the.
verbs
Verbs
  • A verb is a word that is used to express an action, or state of being.
  • EX: Jump, work, play, are, is
helping verbs
Helping Verbs
  • All the forms of the verb be.
  • EX: Is, am, are, was, were, be being, been, has, have, had, do, does, did, may, might, must, can, could, will, would, shall, should.
action verbs vs non action verbs
Action Verbs vs. Non-Action Verbs
  • Action Verbs can be a physical or mental action.
  • EX: Climb, write, consider, remember.
  • Non-Action Verbs are verbs that express no action.
  • EX: Are, was, is, were.
adverbs
Adverbs
  • An adverb modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb.
  • EX: Where, when, how long, how
adverbs modifying verbs
Adverbs Modifying Verbs
  • Ask where, when, how, or to what extent.
  • EX: Can we go over there?

Tomorrow, we will go to the park.

Drive carefully.

They partially filled the gas tank.

adverbs modifying adjectives
Adverbs Modifying Adjectives
  • EX: The performance was quitegood today.

*In this sentence, quite is modifying good.

adverbs modifying adverbs
Adverbs Modifying Adverbs
  • EX: We will meet earlytomorrow.

*In this sentence, early is modifying tomorrow.

prepositions
Prepositions
  • A preposition is a word that shows the relationship of a noun, or a pronoun, to another word.
commonly used prepositions
Commonly Used Prepositions
  • EX: Aboard, below, from, since, about, beneath, in, through, above, beside, inside, throughout, across, into, till, after, between, like, to, against, beyond, near, toward, along, of, under, amid, off, underneath, among, by, on, until, around, concerning, onto, up, as, down, out, upon, at, during, outside, with, before, except, over, within, behind, for, past, without, besides, but
compound prepositions
Compound Prepositions
  • EX: According to, prior of, in front of, as of
conjunctions
Conjunctions
  • Word or words that join word or word groups.
coordinating conjunctions
Coordinating Conjunctions
  • A coordinating conjunction joins words or word groups that are used in a same way.
  • EX: And, or, but, nor, yet, so, for
correlative conjunctions
Correlative Conjunctions
  • A correlative conjunction are pairs of conjunctions that join word or word groups that are used in the same way.
  • EX: Both…And, Neither…Nor, Whether…Or, Not Only…But Also, Either…Or
interjections
Interjections
  • An interjection is a word that expresses emotion.
  • EX: Huzzah! Wow! Whoa! Yikes! Yippy! Yahoo! Yay!