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Psychology: Deterministic views. Mrs. Rugh 2011. Review: Behaviorism. Stresses that psychology should be concerned with the objective study of stimulus and response. Includes Pavlov, Watson, Skinner, Thorndike

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review behaviorism
Review: Behaviorism
  • Stresses that psychology should be concerned with the objective study of stimulus and response.
  • Includes Pavlov, Watson, Skinner, Thorndike
  • It specifically examines the role that reinforcement & punishment play in determining behavior.
new psychoanalytic psychology
New:Psychoanalytic Psychology
  • Founded by Sigmund Freud.
  • Asserts that unconscious desires and motives influence human behavior.
freud s analysis on personality
Freud’s analysis on Personality
  • The ID - is not restrained by reality and consists of our urges that seek our immediate gratification.
  • Can you think of an example?
freud s analysis on personality1
Freud’s analysis on Personality
  • The Ego – Is responsibly for balancing the demands of the Id and the superego in order to help us deal with reality.
    • Relies on defense mechanisms that help us deal with conflicting demands.
freud s analysis on personality2
Freud’s analysis on Personality
  • The Superego – our conscience, acting as our moral guide and balancing the demands of the Id and the Ego
what are the defense mechanisms
What are the defense mechanisms?
  • Denial – refusing to accept reality

Can you think of an example?

what are the defense mechanisms1
What are the defense mechanisms?
  • Projection – attributing one’s unacceptable thoughts to others.

Can you think of an example?

what are the defense mechanisms2
What are the defense mechanisms?
  • Reaction formation – acting in a manner opposite from one’s unconscious impulses
  • Can you think of an example?
what are the defense mechanisms3
What are the defense mechanisms?
  • Rationalization – justifying behavior with logical arguments
what are the defense mechanisms4
What are the defense mechanisms?
  • Repression – Placing painful thoughts into the unconscious
  • Can you think of an example?
what are the defense mechanisms5
What are the defense mechanisms?
  • Regression – retreating to an earlier stage of development.
  • Can you think of an example?
what are the defense mechanisms6
What are the defense mechanisms?
  • Fantasy – fulfilling desire through imagination
  • Can you think of an example?
what are the defense mechanisms7
What are the defense mechanisms?
  • Compensation – emphasizing stronger traits in order to downplay weaknesses.
  • Can you think of an example?
what are the defense mechanisms8
What are the defense mechanisms?
  • Suppression – consciously ignoring painful memories.
  • Can you think of an example?
what are the defense mechanisms9
What are the defense mechanisms?
  • Sublimation – rechanneling impulses in a socially approved way.
  • Can you think of an example?
what are the defense mechanisms10
What are the defense mechanisms?
  • Displacement – shifting impulses to a more acceptable or less threatening target.
  • Can you think of an example?
together behaviorism psychoanalytic psychology
Together:Behaviorism & Psychoanalytic Psychology
  • Both of these approaches to psychology are deterministic: human behavior is determined by prior occurrences and we therefore DO NOT have free will.
review the cognitive approach
Review: The Cognitive Approach
  • This focuses on the study of memory, perception, language, problem solving skills, and other mental processes essential to understanding behavior.
  • Jean Piaget & Noam Chomsky are most famous for this approach.
  • Piaget proposed a 4 stage theory of cognitive development.
the cognitive approach includes
The Cognitive approach includes:
  • The way in which our brain processes and represents emotions, intelligence, motivations.
  • The ways in which we organize, remember and understand experiences during our lifetime.
more to come
More to come:
  • The Humanistic Approach: Abraham Maslow & Carl Rogers
  • The Neurobiological approach: Roger Speery