JAPAN. JAPAN. Geography. Four major islands: -Hokkaido -north -Honshu -main island -Shikoku -southeast -Kyushu -southernmost of the main islands Archipelago: A chain of consecutive Islands. Japan is a mountainous archipelago. Negative Not enough land for farming Volcanoes Tsunamis—
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Four major islands:
-Kyushu-southernmostof the main islands
Archipelago:A chain of consecutive
Islands. Japan is a mountainous
Account of the ThreeKingdoms
--297 A.D. Wei Zhi
--China’s view a law abiding people
who depended on agriculture and
--Wa=dwarf, China’s name for Japan
-5th Century Tribal Society
-Uji/Clans—ruled by hereditary chiefs
and worshipping the clan’s ancestor
-Yamato Clan—unified all other uji/clans to become the ruling force.
-Amaterasu-Sun Goddess. The Yamato
were priests and active in building
shrines to the sun goddess
Torri—gateway to signal sacred ground ahead.
ClappingHands—attract God’s attention
Water/RunningWater—seen as a purifying
agent, to remove the obstruction that blocks
inspiration and divine communication.
Prince Shotoku regent, he rules during
Childhood. A few important dates
604—Seventeen Article Constitution reverence for Buddhism by all Japanese.
607-614—sends embassies to China to siphon off culture
Emperor Kammu (781-806) moves the capital to
Heian (modern Kyoto) preserved T’ang culture.
Heian’s control extended all of Kyushu and
gained Honshu by the late 8th and 9th centuries.
Aristocracy—they were given land grants in
recognition of their rank or special service. Much of
the land slipped of the tax rolls as a result.
Literature—The Tale of Genji Murasaki
Shikibu (Lady Muraski). The life of a prince
and his personal affairs with court ladies.
spoke of manners, dress, and court policies.
Bonsai—the artificial dwarfing of trees and
shrubs in pots or tubs, originally Chinese.
Start of Japanese Feudalism. Kamakura starts
with a rebellion in 1180.
Yoritomo and Yoshitsune seized Heian and
defeated them in battle in 1185.
Bakufu—tent government, administration
established by the Shogun.
Shogun (Seii-tai)—Barbarian Subduing General
emperor’s military advisor of chief of staff
Shoen—large estates, developed their own armies
to defend their lands. Many shoen were founded
by families and provincial officials.
Bushi—warrior descended from the aristocracy
Swords—long and short
Helmets—bore clan crest
Bows and Arrows—as opposed to lances in
1331--Kamakura Shogunate forces the Emperor
Go-Daigo to abdicate. A revolt ensues.
Kamakura Shogunate Emperor
turns against (escapes)
Ashikaga Takauji sent Kyoto and declares
to capture the Go-Daigo himself Shogun 1338
Oda Nobunaga—a minor fedual lord who
takes control of Kyoto in 1568. How?
Destroys Buddhist monastery of Mt. Hiei
1) They were a threat to future stability
2) They played a significant role in both
the political and military course of
Brought to Japan from China in 1191 by
Eisai, a monk.
Centered on simplicity with out priests or
temples, quiet contemplation, acceptance of
nature and strict discipline.
Meditation—clearing and concentrating the
mind and focused breathing.
--Vasco Da Gama reaches an island off the southern
coast of Kyshu.
--Oda Nobunaga attracted to them by the hope of trade
profits. Nobunaga embraces Western technology such
as firearms and iron cladding on warships.
--Oda Nobunaga also expresses an interest in
Christianity and encourages the Portuguese as a
counterweight against Buddhist power.
1549--St. Francis Xavier begins a major missionary
effort in Japan.
1582--Oda Nobunaga murdered by his generals
1615--Half a million Japanese had become