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JAPAN. JAPAN. Geography. Four major islands: -Hokkaido -north -Honshu -main island -Shikoku -southeast -Kyushu -southernmost of the main islands Archipelago: A chain of consecutive Islands. Japan is a mountainous archipelago. Negative Not enough land for farming Volcanoes Tsunamis—

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geography
Geography

Four major islands:

-Hokkaido-north

-Honshu-main island

-Shikoku-southeast

-Kyushu-southernmostof the main islands

Archipelago:A chain of consecutive

Islands. Japan is a mountainous

archipelago.

geography1
Negative

Not enough land for

farming

Volcanoes

Tsunamis—

underwaterearthquake

Positive

Less chance of being

Invaded

Inland waterway,

communication

Seafaring nation

Geography
japan early history
Japan Early History

Account of the ThreeKingdoms

--297 A.D. Wei Zhi

--China’s view a law abiding people

who depended on agriculture and

fishing.

--Wa=dwarf, China’s name for Japan

japan early history1
Japan Early History

-5th Century Tribal Society

-Uji/Clans—ruled by hereditary chiefs

and worshipping the clan’s ancestor

-Yamato Clan—unified all other uji/clans to become the ruling force.

-Amaterasu-Sun Goddess. The Yamato

were priests and active in building

shrines to the sun goddess

shinto the way of the gods kami no michi
SHINTOThe Way of the GodsKami-no-Michi

Torri—gateway to signal sacred ground ahead.

ClappingHands—attract God’s attention

Water/RunningWater—seen as a purifying

agent, to remove the obstruction that blocks

inspiration and divine communication.

7 th century japan
7th Century Japan

Prince Shotoku regent, he rules during

Childhood. A few important dates

604—Seventeen Article Constitution reverence for Buddhism by all Japanese.

607-614—sends embassies to China to siphon off culture

629—Shotoku dies

heian period 794 1185
Heian Period (794-1185)

Emperor Kammu (781-806) moves the capital to

Heian (modern Kyoto) preserved T’ang culture.

Heian’s control extended all of Kyushu and

gained Honshu by the late 8th and 9th centuries.

Aristocracy—they were given land grants in

recognition of their rank or special service. Much of

the land slipped of the tax rolls as a result.

heian period 794 11851
Heian Period (794-1185)

Cultural Advancements

Literature—The Tale of Genji Murasaki

Shikibu (Lady Muraski). The life of a prince

and his personal affairs with court ladies.

spoke of manners, dress, and court policies.

Bonsai—the artificial dwarfing of trees and

shrubs in pots or tubs, originally Chinese.

kamakura period 1192 1333
Kamakura Period (1192-1333)

Start of Japanese Feudalism. Kamakura starts

with a rebellion in 1180.

Yoritomo and Yoshitsune seized Heian and

defeated them in battle in 1185.

Bakufu—tent government, administration

established by the Shogun.

Shogun (Seii-tai)—Barbarian Subduing General

emperor’s military advisor of chief of staff

japanese feudalism
Japanese Feudalism

Shoen—large estates, developed their own armies

to defend their lands. Many shoen were founded

by families and provincial officials.

Bushi—warrior descended from the aristocracy

Samurai—retainer

Equipment

Swords—long and short

Helmets—bore clan crest

Bows and Arrows—as opposed to lances in

Europe

japanese feudalism1
Japanese Feudalism

Bushi Code

Harakiri—Stomach Cut

Seppuku—Disembowelment

rise of ashikaga
Rise of Ashikaga

1331--Kamakura Shogunate forces the Emperor

Go-Daigo to abdicate. A revolt ensues.

Kamakura Shogunate Emperor

Go-Daigo

turns against (escapes)

the Shogun

-Ashikaga captures

Ashikaga Takauji sent Kyoto and declares

to capture the Go-Daigo himself Shogun 1338

end of asikaga period
End of Asikaga Period

Oda Nobunaga—a minor fedual lord who

takes control of Kyoto in 1568. How?

Destroys Buddhist monastery of Mt. Hiei

Why?

1) They were a threat to future stability

2) They played a significant role in both

the political and military course of

Japan

zen buddhism
Zen Buddhism

Brought to Japan from China in 1191 by

Eisai, a monk.

Centered on simplicity with out priests or

temples, quiet contemplation, acceptance of

nature and strict discipline.

Meditation—clearing and concentrating the

mind and focused breathing.

cultural diffusion arrival of portuguese
Cultural Diffusion--Arrival of Portuguese

--Vasco Da Gama reaches an island off the southern

coast of Kyshu.

--Oda Nobunaga attracted to them by the hope of trade

profits. Nobunaga embraces Western technology such

as firearms and iron cladding on warships.

--Oda Nobunaga also expresses an interest in

Christianity and encourages the Portuguese as a

counterweight against Buddhist power.

christianity in japan
Christianity in Japan

1549--St. Francis Xavier begins a major missionary

effort in Japan.

1582--Oda Nobunaga murdered by his generals

1615--Half a million Japanese had become

converts

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