Leadership Skills. Prepared by A. Muller Department of Biokinetics and Sport Science. Leadership defined. Knowing to give others direction, by having a vision of what can be. It is developing the team culture, by selecting motivating ,rewarding ,retaining and unifying members.
Leadership Skills Prepared by A. Muller Department of Biokinetics and Sport Science
Leadership defined • Knowing to give others direction, by having a vision of what can be. • It is developing the team culture, by selecting motivating ,rewarding ,retaining and unifying members. • Giving vision and translating it into reality. • It is the action of an individual to influence others towards set goals.
Leaders determine the direction for the future and use resources in the organisation to pursue the vision. • It emphasises personal relationship. >paying attention to people >believing them >caring about them >involving them
Transformation Leadership • A leader commits people to action • Converts follower to leaders • Involves a dynamic relationship where the leader influences the followers and they influence him/her. • Demand of the coach may be reciprocated by their demands on him/her. • Leadership from this perspective is not unilateral.
Transformation Leadership • It is a collective process • Coach & players work together to meet each other’s individual needs and common goals • It make athletes responsible and in control of their lives
Power • The basic energy to initiate and sustain action. • Thus permitting you to translate intentions into reality. • It is essential for you to achieve the objectives of the team. • Leadership is the wise use of power • Power is gained through effective leadership • Power becomes usable when those being led acknowledge the leader’s authority • You must earn the respect of the team to have the to achieve excellence. • This respect is earned by demonstrating knowledge, skills and commitment to the team.
Power • In transformative leadership you empower the staff and team to help achieve team goals. • When you empower members they ; 1. feel they are making a difference contributing to team gaols 2.learn new skills that enhance their physical and psychological performance –increasing their motivation. 3.Experience more enjoyment from their participation.
Four components of effective leadership • The leader's qualities • The style of leadership • The nature of the situation • The follower’s characteristics
Qualities of effective leaders • Integrity • A leader must have a solid leader’s philosophy • Flexibility • Use every opportunity to improve and better traditions • Loyalty • Promote and enforce collective loyalty also known as teamwork • Confidence • Build confidence by giving players and staff responsibility and support their attempts
Qualities of effective leaders • Accountability • Take full responsibility, lead by example • Preparedness • Plan ahead for any situation even unlikely events • Resourcefulness • A refusal to quit or give in • Self-discipline • Strict adherence to a calculated plan is required • Patience • Most important! Know what changes to make and when to make them
Leadership styles • Autocratic style – The coach solves all the problems using the information available at the time. • Autocratic- consultative style – The coach obtains information from players and comes to a decision. • Consultative-individual style – The coach consults the players individually and then makes a decision. • Consultative-group style – The coach consults the players as a group and then makes a decision. • Group style – The coach shares the problem with the players and jointly make the decision without influence from the coach.
Approaches to studying leadership • Trait approach • Behavioral approach • Situational approach • Interactional approach
Trait Approach • Proposes that leaders have certain personality characteristics - intelligence, assertiveness, independence and self confidence. • These type of leaders will be successful in any situation. • New research says these may not be essential nor do they guarantee successful leadership.
Behavioral Approach • Behaviorists argue any one can be taught to become a leader, by learning the behaviours of other effective leaders. • They say leaders are made not born.
Situational Approach • Effective leadership more dependent on characteristics of the situation than traits and behaviors of leaders. • Situational features have major influences on leader’s success.
Interactional Approach • The leaders trait and behavior is just as important as the situation. • Leaders can alter their styles & behaviour to match a situation’s demands • Effective leadership styles or behaviors fit the specific situation. • Leadership styles can change. • Relationship-orientated leaders – develop interpersonal relationships • Task orientated leaders – Work to get a task done and meet objectives
Multidimensional Model of Leadership for Sports Multidimensional model of sport leadership • The situation demands that a leader behaves in certain ways Situational characteristics Required Behavior Performance and satisfaction Leader characteristics Actual behavior Member characteristics Preferred behavior
Questions • 1. Explain what team culture is . • 2.What is vision, explain giving examples from sport. • What are goals? Give examples of; (i) individual goals (ii) team goals. • 3.Briefly explain three styles of leadership, for each give examples related to sport. • 4.Explain what is involved in each of the following approaches to leadership: trait, behavioral and interactional approach.