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USF ALLIES TRAINING. CYCLE OF SOCIALIZATION. Cycle of Socialization. A model for visualizing the systemic nature of oppression, adding clarity to an abstract concept

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usf allies training

USF ALLIES TRAINING

CYCLE OF SOCIALIZATION

cycle of socialization
Cycle of Socialization

A model for visualizing the systemic nature of oppression, adding clarity to an abstract concept

Can be used to describe many forms of oppression, and we will use it here to explore homophobia, heterosexism, biphobia, and transphobia

cycle of socialization1
Cycle of Socialization

Lens of identity:

We enter the world as "blank slates" without pre-formed thoughts, feelings, and beliefs about LGBT persons

At birth,

No guilt prejudices, biases, stereotypes traditions

cycle of socialization2
Cycle of Socialization

At birth,

No guilt prejudices, biases, stereotypes traditions

Parents, family teacher

shape initial values, norms,

Rules…

Childhood: Socialized by those who were most influential, trusted & loved by you as a child

Values, expectations, rules, norms were initially shaped by parents, family teachers, coaches….

cycle of socialization3
Cycle of Socialization

Messages about LGBT persons are reinforced by:

Institutions: Churches, Schools,, Professional Sports, Politics, Legal Systems, Businesses, etc

Cultures: Athletic Environments (high school, college, and professional), Locker Rooms, Language, Music, TV, Media, etc.

cycle of socialization4
Cycle of Socialization

Parents, family, teachers…

shape initial values, norms, rules

At birth,

No guilt prejudices, biases, stereotypes traditions

Bombarded with messages from Institutions &Culture

cycle of socialization5
Cycle of Socialization

Result: Anti-LGBT thoughts, beliefs, & behaviors.

We have 2 choices:

1. We, consciously or unconsciously become part of the cycle, and further reinforce anti-gay attitudes

slide8
Parents, family, teachers…

shape initial values, norms, rules

At birth,

No guilt prejudices, biases, stereotypes traditions

Bombarded with messages from Institutions & Culture

Do Nothing

Promote status Quo

Fear IgnoranceConfusionInsecurity

Silence, Anger, Guilt, Stress, Violence,

Self-hatred

cycle of socialization6
Cycle of Socialization

2. We interrupt & try to change the cycle of homophobia, biphobia, transphobia and heterosexism.

slide10
Parents, family, teachers…

shape initial values, norms, rules

At birth,

No guilt prejudices, biases, stereotypes traditions

Bombarded with messages from Institutions & Culture

Fear IgnoranceConfusionInsecurity

Interrupt, educate, take a stand, question, raise awareness

Silence, Anger, Guilt, Stress, Violence,

Self-hatred

slide11
Parents, family, teachers…

shape initial values, norms, rules

At birth,

No guilt prejudices, biases, stereotypes traditions

Bombarded with messages from Institutions & Culture

Do Nothing

Promote status Quo

Fear IgnoranceConfusionInsecurity

Silence, Anger, Guilt, Stress, Violence,

Self-hatred

Interrupt, educate, take a stand, question, raise awareness

cycle of socialization7
Cycle of Socialization

Interrupting the cycle is not easy…

Even if we are exposed early on to messages that challenge homophobic & heterosexist ideas, OR

Even if we are sometimes exposed to LGBT positive messages from some institutions,

We are still bombarded with anti-LGBT messages from a majority of socializing forces…this is particularly true in athletic institutions and cultures.

cycle of socialization8
Cycle of Socialization

“When former NBA center John Amaechi announced he is gay and former all-star Tim Hardaway responded by telling a sports radio program, “I hate gay people.” NBA Commissioner David Stern scrambled to denounce Hardaway’s comments, but Amaechi called Hardaway’s statements honest and said they were echoed in a slew of threatening e-mails he received”

Laura Ulrich

Training & Conditioning, Issue: 17.03 April 2007

cycle of socialization9
Cycle of Socialization

Therefore, important to avoid getting stuck with feelings of

Guilt

Anger towards ourselves and/or others

Blame

Remember, we did not create the cycle and we are not at fault for it’s existence. However…

cycle of socialization10
Cycle of Socialization

We do have the power to change it

cycle of socialization11
Cycle of Socialization

Some coaches and athletes believe that having openly lesbian, gay or bisexual team members will negatively affect team unity or performance. It is our belief that the most important factor determining how an openly gay, lesbian or bisexual athlete is received depends on the leadership provided by coaches and team captains. The head coach sets the tone, either positive or negative. When the coach takes a stand for respect and openness, the team is more likely to follow this lead. When the coach reacts with prejudice, fear or discomfort, the team will probably react similarly.

Pat Griffin

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual Athletes Coming Out to Coaches

Women's Sports Foundation.org

cycle of socialization12
Cycle of Socialization

Contrary to conventional wisdom, when a bisexual, gay or lesbian team member is open about their identity and is accepted and respected, this can have a positive effect on both team unity and performance. This experience often helps heterosexual team members overcome stereotypes they have about lesbian, gay and bisexual people and encourages honesty and respect among everyone on the team.

Pat Griffin

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual Athletes Coming Out to Coaches

Women's Sports Foundation.org

cycle of socialization13
Cycle of Socialization

In contrast, other professional athletes or coaches like Mike Messina, Johnny Damon, Ken Griffey, Jr. and Joe Valentine express their openness to having a gay teammate. Reflecting this increased comfort level, members of the 2004 World Champion Boston Red Sox appeared on "Queer Eye for the Straight Guy."

Pat Griffin

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual Athletes Coming Out to Coaches

Women's Sports Foundation.org

cycle of socialization14
Cycle of Socialization

In a 2006 program evaluation It Takes A Team! found that 71% of the college athletes in selected CHAMPS Life Skills classes were comfortable having a gay or lesbian teammate. Fifty-seven percent of the athletes said they would speak up to stop a teammate from using anti-gay slurs. These results reflect the changing climate for lesbian, gay and bisexual people in college athletics.Pat Griffin

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual Athletes Coming Out to Coaches

Women's Sports Foundation.org

resources
Resources
  • Gay & Lesbian Athletics Foundation (www.glaf.org)
  • The Charles M. Holmes Campus at The Center (aka the SF LGBTIQ Center)www.sfgaycenter.org
  • USF Counseling & Psychological Services,
  • New Leaf: Services for Our Community(www.newleafservices.org)
  • Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network(www.glsen.org)
  • PFLAG – SF (www.pflagsf.org/)
  • OutSports.com
  • Women’s Sports Foundation (www.WomensSportsFoundation.org)
  • Human Rights Campaign(www.hrc.org)
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