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The Styles of the Enlightenment. 1750 – 1820 Rococo Bourgeois Neo-Classical. The Enlightenment ?1688-1789?. 1688 – “Glorious Revolution” in England 1789 – French Revolution. A radical movement in philosophy – atheist or deist Rationalist with an Ancient Roman flair

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The styles of the enlightenment l.jpg
The Styles of the Enlightenment

1750 – 1820

Rococo

Bourgeois

Neo-Classical


The enlightenment 1688 1789 l.jpg
The Enlightenment?1688-1789?

  • 1688 – “Glorious Revolution” in England

  • 1789 – French Revolution

  • A radical movement in philosophy –

  • atheist or deist

  • Rationalist with an Ancient Roman flair

  • An age of CRITICISM: “religion is superstition”

  • ideas not always reflected in all of the arts


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Sapere aude!

“DARE TO KNOW!” – Kant (don’t just “believe”)

“Every sensible man, every honorable man, must hold the Christian sect in horror.” – Voltaire

quotes from pp. 296, 295


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ROCOCO

The softer side of Baroque (or a reaction against it)

ornamental

sentimental

sensuous

(trivial)

Audience? ARISTOCRACY


Antoine watteau pilgrimage to the island of cythera 1717 p 293 l.jpg
Antoine Watteau, Pilgrimage to the Island of Cythera, 1717, p. 293


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Fragonard,The Swing,1769

KEY IMAGE

p. 301


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Jean Honore Fragonard, The Bathers, 1761


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Boucher

“His canvases often seem to consist of little beyond mounds of pink flesh . . .”


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Francois Boucher, The Toilet of Venus, 1751p. 299


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Boucher, Allegory of Music, 1752


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Boucher, Odalisk, 1745


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Boucher, Shepherd and Shepherdess,1761



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Balthasar NeumannVierzehnheiligen, 1743-72

Rococop. 304


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The Bourgeois Style: Genre Painting

Art for the earnest middle classes

(and the aristocracy, too)


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Genre painting

A type of painting showing scenes from everyday life and surroundings.

The term also refers to the various types of subject matter: history, portraiture, landscape, still life, and flower painting. (Thus “genre painting” is a genre of painting!)

See glossary.


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Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin(1699-1779) self-portrait, 1771, pastel

"We use colors, but we paint with our feelings."


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Chardin The Prayer before Meal1744, Oil on canvas, 50 x 38.5 cm

  • charm

  • simplicity

  • subtle moralizing tone

not in text; compare fig. 11.15, p. 307



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CHARDIN, Jean Baptiste SimeonThe Silver Goblet13 x 16 1/4" (33 x 41 cm)The Silver Tureenc. 1728 30 x 42 1/2 in.A "Lean Diet" with Cooking Utensilsaka The Meat-day Meal1731


Hogarth william gin lane 1750 etching and engraving 14 1 16 x 11 3 4 in l.jpg
Hogarth, WilliamGin Lane1750Etching and engraving14 1/16 x 11 3/4 in

MORALIZING

Compare to p. 318,

The Marriage Contract


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Marie-Elisabeth-LouiseVigée-LebrunSelf-Portrait with Daughterc. 1798

Aristocratic patrons

Neo-Greek

Neo-Renaissance

Sentimental

KEY IMAGE p. 302


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