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Revolutions 6/10/13 OBJECTIVE: Examine “The Long Chain ”. MCSS WH-5.3.5 I. Administrative Stuff -Attendance II. CONNECTIONS -notes on episode#7 “The Long Chain”. Revolutions 6/11/13

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Revolutions 6 10 13 http mrmilewski com
Revolutions 6/10/13

  • OBJECTIVE: Examine “The Long Chain”. MCSS WH-5.3.5

  • I. Administrative Stuff



    -notes on episode#7 “The Long Chain”

Revolutions 6 11 13 http mrmilewski com
Revolutions 6/11/13

  • OBJECTIVE: Examine Russian Expansion & Revolutions. MCSS WH-5.3.5

  • I. Journal#30pt.A

    -Examine the picture on p.603

    -Answer the caption question on p.603

  • II. Journal#30pt.B

    -notes on Russia during the 1800s

Russian expansion
Russian Expansion

  • For years Russian rulers expanded their empires.

  • Ivan IV opened Siberia to traders & explorers which eventually extended the empire to the pacific.

  • Peter the Great won the cold water ports of modern day Estonia & Latvia

  • Catherine the Great won warm water ports on the Black Sea & lands in modern day Poland, Lithuania, & Belarus.

The russian empire
The Russian Empire

Revolt repression
Revolt & Repression

  • Serfs wanted freedom & their own land to farm.

  • A few nobles supported enlightenment ideas

    -life, liberty, property

    -separation of powers

  • Nobles didn’t agree on the types of reforms to establish.

  • As education spread, the middle class demanded reforms at a quicker pace than the nobles did.

Decembrist revolution 1825
Decembrist Revolution - 1825

  • Small group of army offices tried to overthrow the Czar & establish a republic.

  • Result: FAILURE!!

  • Leaders killed or sent to Siberia

Czar s reaction to decembrists
Czar’s Reaction to Decembrists

  • Czar imposed strict censorship & banned books from the West.

  • Used secret police to spy on students & teachers

  • Enforced Russian nationalism & loyalty to the Russian Orthodox Church as a way to united his vast multi-national empire.

  • Pogroms – organized acts of violence against Jews

  • The gov’t blamed the Jews as the source of Russian poverty

  • The violence forced many Jews to leave Russia & go to Germany.

Russia s real economic problem
Russia’s Real Economic Problem

  • Russian political & economic system slowed industrial growth in Russia

  • Western European nations got stronger and more powerful because factories had lots of labor

  • Russian factories didn’t have a lot of labor because serfs couldn’t leave the land they worked

Czar alexander ii
Czar Alexander II

  • In 1861, he freed the the serfs, but made them buy the land they lived on at high prices.

  • Since most peasants owed so much money they lived in poverty.

Effects of industrialization
Effects of Industrialization

  • In the late 1800s industry expanded & peasants moved to cities where new factories were being built.

  • The middle class grew, so did education

  • Better healthcare & more food caused the population to soar.

  • Life in the cities was bad.

    -little pay

    -long hours

    -dangerous working conditions

Revolutionary movements
Revolutionary Movements

  • Decembrist Revolt – 1825

    *Goal – set up a republic

  • Mid –1860s

    *Goal – establish socialism

  • Who were the revolutionaries?

    -Most came from the small, but growing educated classes

What they did
What they did?

  • Tried to get peasants to support their revolution. When this failed, they turned to terrorism.

  • They assassinated Czar Alexander the II.

Czar alexander iii
Czar Alexander III

  • He succeeded his father & returned to the repressive actions his father relaxed.

  • Despite this crackdown, by the time Czar Nicholas II came to power a new form of socialism, called Marxism became popular with the revolutionaries.


Revolutions 6 12 13 http mrmilewski com
Revolutions 6/12/13

  • Final Exams: Hours 1,2,3

Revolutions 6 13 13 http mrmilewski com
Revolutions 6/13/13


  • I. Administrative Stuff

    -attendance & distribution of test