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Federal Aviation Administration. FAA/Industry Training Standards (FITS) Seminar. Presentation in: Anchorage, AK Name: Thomas Glista, FAA, FITS Program Manager Date: September 30, 2006. OVERVIEW. What is FITS? Why do we need it? Who is involved? What’s Coming.

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FAA/Industry Training Standards (FITS) Seminar

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Federal Aviation


FAA/Industry Training Standards (FITS) Seminar

Presentation in: Anchorage, AK

Name: Thomas Glista, FAA, FITS Program ManagerDate: September 30, 2006

  • What is FITS?
  • Why do we need it?
  • Who is involved?
  • What’s Coming

what is fits
What is FITS?

FITS is a joint government-stakeholder initiative designed to reduce the total number of general aviation accidents.

This means using scenario-based training to effectively integrate:

  • Risk Management;
  • Aeronautical Decision Making;
  • Situational Awareness; and
  • Single Pilot Resource Management into
  • EVERY flight operation!!

“The airport runway is the

Most important mainstream

In any town.”

-Norm Crabtree

fits mission statement and imperative
FITS Mission Statement and Imperative

FITS Mission Statement:

Improve pilot learning to safely, competently, and efficiently operate a technically advanced piston or light jet aircraft in the modern National Airspace System (NAS).

FITS Imperatives:

Implement training that reduces the human error element and accelerates acquisition of higher-level judgment and decision-making skills.

Bottom Line: Structured way to teach pilot to safely, competently, and efficiently operate aircraft in today’s environment.

why do we need fits history
Why Do We Need FITS?-History
  • New Technologies produced initial spike in accidents
    • Bonanza
    • Light Twins
    • Lear Jet
    • Yankee
    • Malibu
    • Cirrus
  • Main Causal Factor-Pilots not being trained for the technology
  • Training has not changedin 60 years

why do we need fits operational environment changes
Why Do We Need FITS?-Operational Environment Changes
  • Airspace Changes-ADIZ, TFR, etc.
  • Security Changes-Hassle and delay factors
  • Airline Changes-Fewer and fuller flights
  • New cockpit and aircraft technologies- Avidyne FlightMax, Garmin G1000, Adam, Cirrus, Diamond, Eclipse, Lancair
  • Fractional ownership
  • General Aviation is no longer a monolith- Sport pilot to BBJ


GA is being used as a transportation option

But-GA training has not changed in over 60 years

accident causal factors
Accident Causal Factors

Fatal Accident Causality is driven by Pilot Related Issues

Percent of Fatal Accidents







Major Cause







faa flight plan
FAA Flight Plan
  • By FY 2009, reduce the number of general aviation and nonscheduled Part 135 fatal accidents to no more than 319.
  • By FY 2009, reduce accidents in Alaska for general aviation and all Part 135 operations from the 2000-2002 average of 130 accidents per year to no more than 99 accidents per year
  • Target for 2005-No grater than 343
  • Actual Total for 2005 was 350
  • Target for 2006-No greater than 337
  • So far, on target (41 below)
  • Alaska 2005-No greater than 130
  • Total for 2005 was 114
  • Alaska for 2006-No greater than 115
  • So far, on target (14 below)

what we are doing wrong
  • Train to pass the test, rather than practical operations in a modernized NAS
  • Emphasis on training maneuvers, rather than aeronautical decision making/risk management
  • Insufficient emphasis on use of new flight technologies and procedures (GPS, moving maps, multifunction displays, autopilots) “After you get your certificate, you can learn that stuff”
  • Long product cycle times for regulations and related products (AC’s) Measured in years– versus short product cycle time for industry-Measured in months or weeks
  • Obsolete training curricula
  • Inadequate use of new training technologies (Simulation devices)

what else is fits
What else is FITS?
  • Voluntary
    • Acceptance vs. Approval
  • Incentive based
  • Initiated to address TAAs
  • Tenets apply to all training
  • Real partnership
    • JSC-TAA Subgroup
  • It’s working
    • Initial Data
  • Does not remove stick and rudder skills practice

who is involved
Who is Involved
    • Embry Riddle Aeronautical University
    • University of North Dakota
  • Initial Partners
    • Recip-Cirrus
    • Turbine-Eclipse
  • Other Partners
    • Insurance
    • Manufacturers
    • Training Providers
    • Training Developers
    • Advocacy Groups
    • Universities
    • Pilot and Owners Associations
    • Fractional
  • Generic Syllabi Include
    • Transition
    • Recurrent
    • Instructor
    • Private/Instrument
    • Avionics Specific
      • GPS
      • Multi-Function Displays
      • Integrated Cockpit
  • Specific Syllabi Include
    • Adam
    • Garmin

  • Research/Studies
    • MTSU Results
    • Effectiveness of FITS Training
    • Safety Study
    • PTS Maneuvers
    • SBT to teach SRM
  • Documents Include
    • FITS Criteria
    • DPE Guidance
    • Instructor Guide
    • Inspector Guide
    • Course Developers Guide
    • Personal Minimums Checklist
    • Personal WX andRisk Assessment Guide
    • Levels of FITS

future changes
Future Changes
  • Scenario Based Generic Syllabi
    • Private
    • Instrument
    • Commercial
    • CFI
  • Scenario Based PTS
  • Inspector Training
  • Examiner Guidance
  • Examiner Training

test rm or adm error or good srm
Test-RM or ADM error?Or good SRM?

  • Professor Michele Summers
    • Principal Investigator of FITS
    • Assistant Professor in the Aeronautical Science Dept at ERAU
    • ATP, CFI, CFII, MEI, Advanced Ground Instructor, FE
    • over 5000 total flight hours
    • experience in flight instruction, cargo, commuter, corporate, and airline operations