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Federal Aviation Administration. FAA/Industry Training Standards (FITS) Seminar. Presentation in: Anchorage, AK Name: Thomas Glista, FAA, FITS Program Manager Date: September 30, 2006. OVERVIEW. What is FITS? Why do we need it? Who is involved? What’s Coming.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Federal Aviation

Administration

FAA/Industry Training Standards (FITS) Seminar

Presentation in: Anchorage, AK

Name: Thomas Glista, FAA, FITS Program ManagerDate: September 30, 2006

overview
OVERVIEW
  • What is FITS?
  • Why do we need it?
  • Who is involved?
  • What’s Coming

http://www.faa.gov/education_research/training/fits

what is fits
What is FITS?

FITS is a joint government-stakeholder initiative designed to reduce the total number of general aviation accidents.

This means using scenario-based training to effectively integrate:

  • Risk Management;
  • Aeronautical Decision Making;
  • Situational Awareness; and
  • Single Pilot Resource Management into
  • EVERY flight operation!!

“The airport runway is the

Most important mainstream

In any town.”

-Norm Crabtree

http://www.faa.gov/education_research/training/fits

fits mission statement and imperative
FITS Mission Statement and Imperative

FITS Mission Statement:

Improve pilot learning to safely, competently, and efficiently operate a technically advanced piston or light jet aircraft in the modern National Airspace System (NAS).

FITS Imperatives:

Implement training that reduces the human error element and accelerates acquisition of higher-level judgment and decision-making skills.

Bottom Line: Structured way to teach pilot to safely, competently, and efficiently operate aircraft in today’s environment.

http://www.faa.gov/education_research/training/fits

why do we need fits history
Why Do We Need FITS?-History
  • New Technologies produced initial spike in accidents
    • Bonanza
    • Light Twins
    • Lear Jet
    • Yankee
    • Malibu
    • Cirrus
  • Main Causal Factor-Pilots not being trained for the technology
  • Training has not changedin 60 years

http://www.faa.gov/education_research/training/fits

why do we need fits operational environment changes
Why Do We Need FITS?-Operational Environment Changes
  • Airspace Changes-ADIZ, TFR, etc.
  • Security Changes-Hassle and delay factors
  • Airline Changes-Fewer and fuller flights
  • New cockpit and aircraft technologies- Avidyne FlightMax, Garmin G1000, Adam, Cirrus, Diamond, Eclipse, Lancair
  • Fractional ownership
  • General Aviation is no longer a monolith- Sport pilot to BBJ

EQUALS

GA is being used as a transportation option

But-GA training has not changed in over 60 years

http://www.faa.gov/education_research/training/fits

accident causal factors
Accident Causal Factors

Fatal Accident Causality is driven by Pilot Related Issues

Percent of Fatal Accidents

73%

10%

9%

8%

___________

100%

Major Cause

Pilot

Mechanical/Maintenance

Other

Unknown

___________

Total

http://www.faa.gov/education_research/training/fits

faa flight plan
FAA Flight Plan
  • By FY 2009, reduce the number of general aviation and nonscheduled Part 135 fatal accidents to no more than 319.
  • By FY 2009, reduce accidents in Alaska for general aviation and all Part 135 operations from the 2000-2002 average of 130 accidents per year to no more than 99 accidents per year
  • Target for 2005-No grater than 343
  • Actual Total for 2005 was 350
  • Target for 2006-No greater than 337
  • So far, on target (41 below)
  • Alaska 2005-No greater than 130
  • Total for 2005 was 114
  • Alaska for 2006-No greater than 115
  • So far, on target (14 below)

http://www.faa.gov/education_research/training/fits

what we are doing wrong
WHAT WE ARE DOING WRONG
  • Train to pass the test, rather than practical operations in a modernized NAS
  • Emphasis on training maneuvers, rather than aeronautical decision making/risk management
  • Insufficient emphasis on use of new flight technologies and procedures (GPS, moving maps, multifunction displays, autopilots) “After you get your certificate, you can learn that stuff”
  • Long product cycle times for regulations and related products (AC’s) Measured in years– versus short product cycle time for industry-Measured in months or weeks
  • Obsolete training curricula
  • Inadequate use of new training technologies (Simulation devices)

http://www.faa.gov/education_research/training/fits/

what else is fits
What else is FITS?
  • Voluntary
    • Acceptance vs. Approval
  • Incentive based
  • Initiated to address TAAs
  • Tenets apply to all training
  • Real partnership
    • JSC-TAA Subgroup
  • It’s working
    • Initial Data
  • Does not remove stick and rudder skills practice

http://www.faa.gov/education_research/training/fits

who is involved
Who is Involved
  • COE/CGAR
    • Embry Riddle Aeronautical University
    • University of North Dakota
  • Initial Partners
    • Recip-Cirrus
    • Turbine-Eclipse
  • Other Partners
    • Insurance
    • Manufacturers
    • Training Providers
    • Training Developers
    • Advocacy Groups
    • Universities
    • Pilot and Owners Associations
    • Fractional
  • http://www.faa.gov/education_research/training/fits
resources
Resources
  • Generic Syllabi Include
    • Transition
    • Recurrent
    • Instructor
    • Private/Instrument
    • Avionics Specific
      • GPS
      • Multi-Function Displays
      • Integrated Cockpit
  • Specific Syllabi Include
    • Adam
    • Garmin

http://www.faa.gov/education_research/training/fits/

resources13
Resources
  • Research/Studies
    • MTSU Results
    • Effectiveness of FITS Training
    • Safety Study
    • PTS Maneuvers
    • SBT to teach SRM
  • Documents Include
    • FITS Criteria
    • DPE Guidance
    • Instructor Guide
    • Inspector Guide
    • Course Developers Guide
    • Personal Minimums Checklist
    • Personal WX andRisk Assessment Guide
    • Levels of FITS

http://www.faa.gov/education_research/training/fits/

future changes
Future Changes
  • Scenario Based Generic Syllabi
    • Private
    • Instrument
    • Commercial
    • CFI
  • Scenario Based PTS
  • Inspector Training
  • Examiner Guidance
  • Examiner Training

http://www.faa.gov/education_research/training/fits/

test rm or adm error or good srm
Test-RM or ADM error?Or good SRM?

http://www.faa.gov/education_research/training/fits/

introductions
INTRODUCTIONS
  • Professor Michele Summers
    • Principal Investigator of FITS
    • Assistant Professor in the Aeronautical Science Dept at ERAU
    • ATP, CFI, CFII, MEI, Advanced Ground Instructor, FE
    • over 5000 total flight hours
    • experience in flight instruction, cargo, commuter, corporate, and airline operations

http://www.faa.gov/education_research/training/fits

questions
QUESTIONS?

http://www.faa.gov/education_research/training/fits/