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Zealots - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Zealots. Adonai’s warriors. Shema – Hebrew. Shema Israel, Adonai elohenu – Adonai echad Ve’ahavta et Adonai eloeikah B’khol levavkah Uve’khol naphshekah Uve’khol m’odekah Ve’ahavta le’reacha Kamocha , Amen. Shema.

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Adonai’s warriors

shema hebrew
Shema – Hebrew

Shema Israel, Adonaielohenu – Adonaiechad

Ve’ahavta et Adonaieloeikah




Ve’ahavtale’reachaKamocha, Amen


Hear O Israel, the Lord is our God. The Lord alone. Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your might.

And Love your neighbor as yourself.


name zealot
Name Zealot
  • Comes from the Hebrew for “passion”
    • Pronounced Ka ‘nah
    • [Elijah] replied, “I have been very zealous for the LORD God Almighty. The Israelites have rejected your covenant, torn down your altars, and put your prophets to death with the sword. I am the only one left, and now they are trying to kill me too.” – I Kings 19:10
    • We would say Cana
  • First miracle at a wedding here
  • Jesus was close to these people maybe even related
    • Authority position of his mother at the wedding
  • What kind of people would name their town “passion”?
    • This was 1st century Al-Qaeda
  • Think of Jesus’ disciples – how many were influenced by this mindset
  • Fiercely religious – totally committed to Torah
  • Took 1 step further than Orthodox Jews
    • Kill all of God’s enemies
    • Phinehas was their hero – Numbers 25
  • Then an Israelite man brought into his family a Midianite woman right before the eyes of Moses and the whole assembly of Israel while they were weeping at the entrance to the tent of meeting. 7 When Phinehas son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron, the priest, saw this, he left the assembly, took a spear in his hand 8 and followed the Israelite into the tent. He drove the spear into both of them, right through the Israelite man and into the woman’s stomach.
  • David and Joshua were models for them
  • Rabbi Shamei followed this view
    • Worship of God is paramount
    • Cleanse sin from you
    • Put down/kill anyone who gets in the way of displaying our God
  • Canaanite city until time of Joshua
  • Abandoned until 150 BC
  • Hezekiah of Gamla led rebellion of 47 BC
    • Brutally crushed by Herod the Wicked
  • Eleazar of Gamla led rebellion of 70 AD
    • Totally crushed by Romans
jesus was at this synagogue
Jesus was at this synagogue

Jesus went throughout Galilee, teaching in their synagogues – Matthew 4:23

Jesus went through all the towns and villages, teaching in their synagogues – Matthew 9:35

roman breach in wall
Roman Breach in wall

Roman Historian Josephus was Zealot General Josephus

He knew the weakness in the wall

Made a deal with the Romans – turned Traitor

He gave us the most comprehensive history of the Jews

  • In Judean wilderness by Dead Sea
  • David knew of this place, maybe hid here
    • Certainly wrote about it, Psalm 18,28,31,etc.
  • Last refuge of the Zealots in 72 AD
    • Besieged by General Silva in 72
    • Almost 1000 people committed suicide to keep the Romans from a victory
  • Orthodox Jews
    • Passionate about God
    • Knew the Text
    • Fervently followed Torah
  • Essenes
    • Passionate about God’s word
    • Knew the Text, protected the Text
  • Zealots
    • Passionate about God
    • Knew the Text
    • Willing to do anything to further God’s kingdom
  • Orthodox Jews
    • Law is life
    • Compassion is secondary
  • Essenes
    • Hid away from culture
    • Didn’t impact community
  • Zealots
    • Minimized love and compassion
    • Thought God’s kingdom was advanced through might
next week
Next Week
  • Herodians
  • King Herod
  • Read Genesis 25:19-34, Malachi 1:1-5