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Cognitive Approach. Six Approaches to Psychology. What is cognition?. Cognition  is the process by which the sensory input is transformed, reduced, elaborated, stored, recovered, and used. Cognitive Approach.

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cognitive approach
Cognitive Approach

Six Approaches to Psychology

what is cognition
What is cognition?
  • Cognition is the process by which the sensory input is transformed, reduced, elaborated, stored, recovered, and used.
cognitive approach1
Cognitive Approach
  • Emphasizes the use of mental processes to handle problems (Behavior is influenced by more than just a response to a stimulus)
    • Attention
    • Memory
    • Language
    • Perception
    • Metacognition (what you think about your thoughts)
  • How people understand, diagnose & solve problems
    • Jean Piaget & E.C. Tolman
  • Advantages
    • Analyzes how thoughts affect behavior
    • Good thoughts = Good behavior
  • Disadvantages
    • Does not include feelings & emotions
cognitive theory
Cognitive Theory
  • Thought Processes: Can infer mental processes from observable behavior
  • Gestalt Psychology:
    • means “whole pattern” or “configuration.”
    • Studies how people interpret sensory information in order to acquire knowledge.
    • Perception is more than the sum of its parts”
cognitive theory criticisms
Cognitive Theory: Criticisms
  • Downplays emotion, too mentalistic, hard to decide between competing cognitive explanations.
  • Strong approach today.
cognitive theory1
Cognitive Theory
  • Thinking: how mental thoughts affect behavior. Humanism gives rise to the Cognitive Theory. Studies how we attend, perceive, think, remember, solve problems and arrive at beliefs. Know what’s going on in people’s heads first, then applies it to their behavior.
  • Jean Piaget: studies children’s cognitive development.