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R ussian D ecline. By: Phil Bott. R ussian U nrest. The czars were under pressure and couldn’t ease the nation’s crisis. Moderates wanted a constitution and social reform but czar Nicholas II denied all that would degrade his authority.

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r ussian d ecline

Russian Decline

By: Phil Bott

r ussian u nrest
Russian Unrest
  • The czars were under pressure and couldn’t ease the nation’s crisis.
  • Moderates wanted a constitution and social reform but czar Nicholas II denied all that would degrade his authority.
  • Outside the government, revolutionaries were plotting; they wanted to destroy the czarist regime.
  • These revolutionaries worked in secrecy so they wouldn’t get caught; they believed a revolution was to come.
  • Marxists wanted to start a revolution against factory and railroad workers, miners, and urban wage earners.
w orld w ar o ne
World War One
  • When the war started, it sparked up national pride and united Russians.
  • The soldiers were enthusiastic to fight, but Russia soon was stripped of resources.
  • By 1915, Russian soldiers had no rifles, no medical care, and no ammunition.
  • Because of this, many Russian soldiers died in battle. In one year, the death toll had reached 2 million.
wwi c ontinued
WWI Continued…
  • Nicholas II tried to take patriotic charge but it was a horrible decision and he died.
  • He left most of his affairs to the czarina Alexandra.
  • Alexandra was not a fit leader because she knew little of government and the people didn’t trust her because she was born in Germany.
  • When corruption came over Russia, Alexandra turned to “holy man” Rasputin.
h oly m an to s ome m ad m onk to o thers
“Holy Man” to Some, “Mad Monk” to Others
  • Rasputin was a Siberian peasant whose personality helped him gain a reputation as a healer.
  • He gained this title because he apparently healed Alexandra’s son of hemophilia through hypnosis.
  • Alexandra moved Rasputin to the palace and was given great power. Russia was in the hands of a crazy guy who thought he had powers.
a h ard m an to k ill
A Hard Man to Kill
  • In order to save the monarchy, five men appointed by the Duma were sent to kill Rasputin.
  • Prince Felix Yussoupov poisoned Rasputin’s cake and wine after luring him to his palace.
  • The Prince left and later returned to shoot Rasputin. As the five men were examining the body, Rasputin got up, grabbed the Prince, and fled.
  • Rasputin was again shot and later beaten unconscious. The five men threw him into the Neva river where Rasputin drowned.
r asputin s f inal w arning
Rasputin’s Final Warning
  • When the people heard of Rasputin’s death, rejoicing rung throughout Russia. Alexandra was very upset when she heard the news.
  • Before he died, Rasputin prophesized that the Russian people would kill the czarina’s children.
  • In 1917, the Romanov dynasty came crashing down. But this was not because of Rasputin’s death.
m arch r evolution
March Revolution
  • By March 1917, deaths on the battlefield, and food and fuel shortages on land, caused the crumbling of the monarchy.
  • Many people started riots and rebellions began. Duma politicians created a temporary government and liberals were working on a constitution.
  • Russian troops were fed up with war and started returning home.
  • In Petrograd, they set up soviets, or councils of workers and soldiers and the Bolsheviks took charge.
l enin and the b olsheviks
Lenin and the Bolsheviks
  • Lenin was a man that deeply despised the czarist government. He spread Marxist ideas al throughout Russia.
  • Lenin called for an elite group to lead a revolution against capitalism and set up a “dictatorship of the proletariat.” Lenin named this group the Bolsheviks meaning “majority.”
  • Lenin thought that the only way to bring up change was revolution, not higher wages or increased suffrage.