Exit level ELA. Tips and things to remember. Read title and any heading information. – Remember italicized information. Read first selection. Annotate and take notes in margins. Break the text into smaller portions, then take notes in the margins on that section before reading on.
Tips and things to remember
Read title and any heading information. – Remember italicized information.
Summary - When you summarize, you use your own words to briefly state the main ideas and key details of the text.
readers. Some of these modes, or forms, appeal to a reader’s powers of reason. Others appeal to the emotions.
● states an issue and the author’s position;
● gives opinions or claims that have supporting reasons or facts;
● has a reasonable and respectful tone; and
● answers opposing views.
Also called LogosModes of Persuasion - Logos
use faulty or deceptive modes. Here are some examples.
● Loaded language: Words and phrases that have a positive or a
negative connotation. For example, “These homesites for sale are
one-acre slices of paradise.”
● Bandwagon appeal: The use of words that urge readers to do or
believe something because everyone else does. For example,
“Join those who care about our town and support the new
● Testimonials: The use of famous people to endorse a product or
idea. For example, “Actress Judith LaMonte wears Beauty Mark
● Symbols: A symbol is an object that stands for something beyond itself. Symbols are often used in persuasive media messages to appeal to the emotions. For example, an umbrella can symbolize protection or a shark can symbolize danger. ●Loaded Terms: Media messages often contain words or statements that are chosen to
draw an emotional response from the viewer. These loaded terms can
cause a viewer to respond in a certain way.Modes of Persuasion - Pathos
Here are some questions to ask yourself as you look for the purpose of a media message.
● How is the message presented? Is it presented by an authority?
What do your instincts tell you about the truth of the message?
● What kind of language does the message use? Does it use
phrases such as You should? Does it use words such as better or
● Does the message present a balanced picture, or does it support
only one side of an issue? What are the underlying values of the
● What is the source of the information? Is it up-to-date?
As you analyze media messages for purpose, you’ll find that many of
the messages are designed to persuade.Analyzing Media
● Break the message into smaller “pieces”: the visual image and the
text. Ask yourself, What overall point is this part of the message
making? Are the key points in each part the same?
● Look at the details. Do they add up to one main idea?
● Try to summarize each part of the message. Do these summaries
point to a main idea?
● Look for symbols in the message—objects that stand for other
things or other ideas. Are the symbols repeated in the message?
What do they stand for?Analyzing Media