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LYME DISEASE Ajay Rao RED. Causes. It is caused by deer ticks when they bite a mammal. Not all deer ticks carry Lyme disease but some do. Fortunately, less than 5% of tick bites in a high contact area carry “Borrelia Burgdorferi”(bacteria that causes Lyme disease).

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causes
Causes
  • It is caused by deer ticks when they bite a mammal. Not all deer ticks carry Lyme disease but some do.
  • Fortunately, less than 5% of tick bites in a high contact area carry “Borrelia Burgdorferi”(bacteria that causes Lyme disease).
  • The bacteria spends part of its time in the deer tick, but when the deer tick bites the mammal, the bacteria travels.
symptoms
Symptoms
  • 1st symptom of Lyme disease is a small red bull’s eye rash called “Erythema Migrans.”
  • Some symptoms include: fatigue, fever, aching muscles or other joints, chills, stiff neck, swollen glands, and headaches.
  • Stage 2 of Lyme disease is called “Chronic Lyme.”
  • Symptoms from Chronic Lyme vary from different complaints
  • If the brain and CNS (Central Nervous System) are affected, different symptoms may occur.
  • Some of those symptoms are: dizziness, poor memory, poor sleep, confusion, lack of concentration, and others.
transmission prevention
Transmission/Prevention
  • (Deer) ticks attach itself onto victims when they are walking through the area where the tick is.
  • The (Deer) tick latches on with it’s legs and it sticks onto you.
  • Lyme disease can easily be prevented.
  • Some ways to prevent it is to apply bug repellent, spend less time in grassy areas, and wear proper clothing.
  • Proper clothing includes wearing your pants tucked into white socks so you can see the (Deer) tick, and long-sleeved clothes so (Deer) ticks can’t bite you.
epidemiology
Epidemiology

Infected Ticks That Carry Lyme Disease

  • Lyme disease was first discovered in Lyme, Connecticut.
  • There, 39 kids developed crazy, arthritic-like symptoms.
  • Over the years, changes in land increased the contact between deer, ticks, and mice.
  • Now, deer and white-footed mice can carry Lyme disease.
  • In the early 1980’s, the spirochete of Lyme disease was cultured and isolated.
  • CT, RI, NY, NJ, PA, MD, WI, MH had 92% of all the reported cases of Lyme disease in the 48 states it has been reported in.
  • 1983 was the 1st reported case of Lyme disease.
treatments
Treatments
  • During the early stages of Lyme disease, oral antibiotics is the standard treatment.
  • The drug “Doxycycline” is for adults and kids over 8 years of age for treatment of Lyme disease.
  • “Amoxicillin” or “cefuroxime” is the drug for younger children and pregnant women.
  • The drug will clear the infection without any unnecessary complications.
  • The normal period of taking the antibiotics is 14-21 days but 10-14 days also work just as good.
  • If the disease has progressed, doctors recommend intravenous antibiotics which should be taken from 14-28 days.
sources
Sources
  • http://www.lymediseaseblog.com/lyme-disease-symptoms/
  • http://www.emedicinehealth.com/lyme_disease/article_em.htm
  • http://www.a1trails.com/outdoor/lyme/html
  • http://www.brown.edu/Courses/Bio_160/Projects1999/lyme/background
  • http://www.brown.edu/Courses/Bio_160/Projects2005/lyme_disease/history
  • http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/lyme disease/DS00116/DSECTION=treatments-and-drugs
  • http://www.google.images.com