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CANKAYA UNIVERSITY OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES -ENGLISH UNIT-. THE CHANGING WORLD ECONOMY FOR ENG 205 COURSE UNIT 5. How important is oil in the economy?.

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cankaya university office of basic and elective courses english unit
CANKAYA UNIVERSITY OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES-ENGLISH UNIT-

THE CHANGING WORLD ECONOMY

FOR ENG 205 COURSE

UNIT 5

how important is oil in the economy
How important is oil in the economy?
  • Oil is vital to the world economy and the world consumption of oil, driven by countries such as India and China, is set to rise significantly.
  • Since the horse and carriage gave way to the car as the main method of transportation oil has been vitally important to the world economy. Its importance has risen to the extent that in a world suddenly without oil, all the minor and major distribution systems that allow economic transactions on a more than local basis would fail and the world economy would collapse.
the current level of oil consumption
The Current Level of Oil Consumption
  • According to the EIA, the world currently consumes 85.64 million barrels of crude oil daily – roughly equivalent to every single person on the planet using 2 litres of oil a day. With the current market prices of a barrel of oil being $51, global consumption of oil costs $4.3 billion every single day, or 62 cents for every person.
  • Of course, the global distribution of oil consumption is not evenly spread out as developed and oil-rich states consume far more oil than less developed states. Also, all of this oil is not simply consumed with no end product. Oil is involved in the manufacture of a large number of everyday items, such as plastics, asphalt, or fertilizers.
pre reading vocabulary items
Pre-reading vocabulary items
  • emergence (n.): when sth begins to be known or noticed
  • Synonym: appearance

eg: The emergenceof Turkey as a world leader will not surprise some people when we think about the role she takes concerning the Middle East, especially the “evil” regime of Bashar Al Asad.

  • independent (adj.): an independent country is not controlled or governed by another country
  • Synonym: sovereign

eg: Is Turkey really independent? That is the question to be asked by every university student in Turkey. If you cannot ask such a question, your whole education, in other words your colourful diploma, turns into a sheet covered with dull, tiny, and silent letters.

pre reading vocabulary items1
Pre-reading vocabulary items
  • prosperity (n.): when people have money and everything that is needed for life
  • Synonyms: well-being, wealth, welfare

eg: A time of economic prosperity envelopes Iraqi people thanks to American invasion.

  • urge (v.): to strongly suggest that someone does something
  • Synonym: encourage

eg: I got a note from Mr. and Mrs. Smith urging me to get in touch.

eg: She urged that a referendum should be held by February.

pre reading vocabulary items2
Pre-reading vocabulary items
  • stability (n.): the condition of being steady and not changing
  • Synonym: balance

e.g: If Turkey attacks Syria with America, it can threaten the peace and stability of the region

  • supply (v.): to provide people with sth they need or want, especially regularly over a period of time

e.g: Money for the project supplied the university.

e.g: An informer supplied the police withthe names of those involved in the terrorist attacks.

pre reading vocabulary items3
Pre-reading vocabulary items
  • demand (n.): the need or desire that people have for particular goods or services

e.g: Production is increasing faster than demand.

e.g: The demand fornew housing will be a very important problem after the Van Earthquake.

  • commodity (n.): a product that is bought and sold

e.g: Agricultural commodities are very expensive.

e.g: Commodity pricesfell sharply.

pre reading vocabulary items4
Pre-reading vocabulary items
  • exchange (n.): the act of giving somebody something and receiving something else from them
  • Synonym: swap, switch

e.g: An exchange ofpolitical prisoners

e.g: I’ve offered to paint the kitchen in exchange fora week’s accommodation.

  • jeopardise (v.): to risk losing or spoiling sth important
  • Synonyms: put in danger, risk, hazard

e.g: Nowadays, Turkey jeopardises its relationships with Syria, Iran and Russia because of the NATO missile shield in Turkey.

pre reading vocabulary items5
Pre-reading vocabulary items
  • bolster (v.): to improve sth
  • Synonym: reinforce

e.g: His efforts to bolsterhis career

  • sag (v.): to become weaker and less valuable
  • Synonyms: sink, drop, decline

e.g: We have serious attempts to revive the sagging economy.

  • apparent (adj.): easy to notice (syn. obvious)

e.g: It will become apparent that Turkey has a variety of problems.

comprehension check
Comprehension Check

1) Why do you think the world’s economic and political system has changed suddenly since World War II?

Answer: Due to the emergence of more than 100 new nations

2) How did the new countries affect the industrialised countries? What was their common desire?

Answer: Their growing role in the world economy have led the developing countries to act with remarkable unity. Their common desire was economic growth and development.

comprehension check1
Comprehension Check

3) How can economic and social crisis in developed countries can affect developing countries?

Answer: Exports have declined, the prices of the manufactured products they import have risen

4) What are the factors that have bad influence on developing nations?

Answer: Slow growth, high unemployment, and inflation in developed nations

comprehension check2
Comprehension Check

5) According to the text, what does “slowdown” refer to?

Answer: Lower prices and less economic growth

6) Why is the word “advanced” written in speech marks?

Is it really advanced?

Answer: This sentence is ironic. These countries are advanced in theory but not in practice.

7) What is the purpose of the NIEO?

Answer: It seeks to improve terms of trade between developed and developing nations and to provide better access to technology and capital.

true false
TRUE-FALSE

1- TRUE

2-TRUE

3-FALSE

4-TRUE

cohesive links
Cohesive links
  • The Third World countries (the bloc of some 120 developing countries)
  • Post World War II
  • Developing countries
  • Commodities
  • 25 tons of rubber
text wording
Text wording
  • emergence ........... occurrence
  • endowments ........ money, property
  • apparent ........ obvious
  • bolster .......... support, encourage
make sentences
Make sentences

Industrialise

Stability

Unity

Prosperity