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Academic Biology Mr. Luis A. Velazquez PowerPoint Presentation
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Academic Biology Mr. Luis A. Velazquez

Academic Biology Mr. Luis A. Velazquez

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Academic Biology Mr. Luis A. Velazquez

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  1. Academic BiologyMr. Luis A. Velazquez Organic Compound

  2. Organic Compound Reviewing Carbohydrates • Produce energy • Common foods • Benedit identifies Monosaccharides • Simple sugars • Iodine is for Polysaccharides only. • Sugars • Saccharides • Monosaccharides • Dissacharides • Polysaccharide • Chitin • Glycogen • Starch • Ending ose • Glucose • Maltose • Fructose • Sucrose

  3. Organic Compound Reviewing Proteins • Building Block of life • Essential for life • Biurets identifies Proteins • Amino Acids form proteins • 20 amino acids only. • Amino acids are monomers of proteins • They are the basic unit of proteins. • Egg white • Finger nails • Hair • Skin • Hemoglobin • Insulin • Actin • Myosin • Collagen • Titin • Keratin

  4. Organic Compound Reviewing Lipids • Store energy (ATP) • Common foods • Saturated Fattsanimals source • Unsaturated Fatts Plant source • Hormones • Waxes • Steroids • Butter • Cholesterol • Oils • Margarine • Bacon • Phospholipids • Lard

  5. Organic Compound Reviewing Nucleic Acids DNA RNA • Code of life • Nucleus of cell • 4 Nitrogen base • A,C,G, T • A=T , G=C • Double Helix • Double strand • Protein synthesis • Ribosomes • 4 Nitrogen base • A,C,G, U • A=U, G=C • Single strand

  6. Review Total Nitrogen Bases GAA UGC CUA CCC GUU AAU UCG AUC AGC UAG CUU ACG GAU GGG CAA UUA Total Nitrogen Base = 24

  7. Review Organic vs. Inorganic Organic Inorganic No Carbon H2O NH2 Amino group BaCl2 • Contain Carbon • Life • Carbohydrates • Lipids • Proteins • Nucleic Acids • C6H12O6

  8. Organic Compound Monomer Vs. Polymers • Carbohydrates • Proteins • Lipids • Nucleic Acids Monomer Polymer • Carbohydrates • Proteins • Lipids • Nucleic Acids whole units One units

  9. Organic Compound Polymers vs. Monomer • Carbohydrates - Monosaccharides • Lipids - glyceride + 3 fatty acid • Protein - Amino Acids • Nucleic Acid - Nucleotide Polymers Monomer Polymers Monomer Polymers Monomer Polymers Monomer