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Haiti Cultural Awareness Update. Junias Desamour MD. Haiti . Location in the Caribbean. First black republic to declare its independence in 1804 The poorest country in the Western Hemisphere Ethnic groups: black 95%, mulatto and white 5% .

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Haiti

  • Location in the Caribbean


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First black republic to declare its independence in 1804

The poorest country in the Western Hemisphere

Ethnic groups:black 95%, mulatto and white 5%

Religions:Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16% note:roughly half of the population practices voodoo

GDP - per capita ($1,300 (2007 est.)

Very corrupt Politicians

Haiti Facts

Source CIA World Facts


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Life expectancy at birth:total population: 57.5 yearsmale: 55.83 years female: 59.35 years (2008

HIV Prevalence (Adults 15-49): 3.8% Deaths (2005): 16,000

Literacy:definition: age 15 and over can read and write total pop 52.9% male: 54.8% female: 51.2% (2003 es

Major infectious diseases

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria water contact disease: leptospirosis (2008)

Haiti Facts

Source CDC


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The Haitian Patient

  • Very Polite

  • “Yes” does not mean they understand what you are saying. Ask them to come with a child to translate if they are not proficient in English.

  • They believe in herbal medicine

  • They usually attribute pain to gas pain

  • Chest is called stomach in creole (deadly misnomer)

  • Stomach pain can mean chest pain.


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The Haitian Patient

  • Recurrent high fever chills Headache up to 12 months after visiting the island ( place Malaria in the differential diagnosis)

  • Need Prophilaxis before traveling back home

  • Thyphoid fever is also very common (water)

  • Have patients brings meds bottles including herbal meds

  • Some may not know how to read or write