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Date : 19 March 2006 Thematic Session : Solidarity and decentralized forms of North/South and South/South funding Conve PowerPoint Presentation
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Water Supply Management in Gyumri, Armenia. From humanitarian to sustainable development Christian DESPRES , SPFA France Lisette PROVENCHER , Aquassistance Gevork CHAKMISHIAN , SPFA Armenia. Date : 19 March 2006 Thematic Session : Solidarity and decentralized forms of

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slide1

Water Supply Management in Gyumri, Armenia

From humanitarian to sustainable development

Christian DESPRES,SPFA France

Lisette PROVENCHER, Aquassistance

Gevork CHAKMISHIAN, SPFA Armenia

Date :19 March 2006

Thematic Session :Solidarity and decentralized forms of

North/South and South/South funding

Convener :pS-Eau

slide2

Armeniain the World

  • 25 000 km2
  • 3 million inhabitants
  • GDP/inh < 1000 $

C.Després, L. Provencher, G. Chakmishian, March 2006

slide3
Armenia in the Caucasus

GEORGIA

TURKEY

AZERBAIDJAN

IRAN

C.Després, L. Provencher, G. Chakmishian, March 2006

slide4

1988, Earthquake !

  • 25 000 killed
  • 500 000 homeless
  • 8 million m2 of destructed housing
  • Total destruction of infrastructures

C.Després, L. Provencher, G. Chakmishian, March 2006

slide5

SPFA started its humanitarian mission

  • Emergency help
  • Food
  • Heat
  • Medicines
  • Relief to disadvantaged
  • Support to education
  • ...

,

C.Després, L. Provencher, G. Chakmishian, March 2006

slide6

Water and Health

Health

prevention

  • Creation of a water ultrafiltration unit
  • in Gyumri’s hospital (1998)

C.Després, L. Provencher, G. Chakmishian, March 2006

slide7

Water environment

C.Després, L. Provencher, G. Chakmishian, March 2006

slide8

Water availability

  • Hot and cold water 24h x 7

C.Després, L. Provencher, G. Chakmishian, March 2006

slide9

Towards sustainable development

  • Leak detection
  • Reconstruction

C.Després, L. Provencher, G. Chakmishian, March 2006

slide10

Decrease in water consumption

C < 200 lpcd

C < 500 lpcd

C > 1000 lpcd

C.Després, L. Provencher, G. Chakmishian, March 2006

slide11

From general meters to individual meters

  • Supply of 10 000 water meters
  • Supply & installation costs taken
  • in charge for the low income families
  • Training of surveyors to control the plumbing
  • devices in each apartment
  • Billing based on consumption

C.Després, L. Provencher, G. Chakmishian, March 2006

slide12

Results

  • Today, Ani Neighbourhood (20,000 inhab.)
  • - is supplied 24 h/d compared to 2 h/d previously
  • - requires 10,000 cu.m./d compared to 14,000 cu.m./d
  • Implementation of advanced methods of management in
  • Gyumri’s water supply company :
  • - billing based on metering
  • - follow-up of unpaid bills
  • - leak detection
  • - rehabilitation of chlorination systems : improvement of
  • quality

C.Després, L. Provencher, G. Chakmishian, March 2006

slide13

Population acceptance

  • “Clean Water for Healthy Life” educational project organised between French and Armenian schools.
  • Leaflets to inform the population about their water consumption
  • Information meetings

C.Després, L. Provencher, G. Chakmishian, March 2006

slide14

CONCLUSION

  • Responsibilisation with the meters
  • Increase of service quality
  • Support of the population
  • Increase of cost recovery
  • Realistic infrastructure programme
  • Environmentally friendly
  • Partners (NGOs and water utility) deeply involved

Critical success factors…

Sustainable development becomes reality !

C.Després, L. Provencher, G. Chakmishian, March 2006

slide15

Added value of solidarity financing

  • Our project is the result of synergy between :
  • a charity NGO
  • a professional NGO
  • a French Water Agency
  • French Embassy in Armenia
  • French Department of Equipment and Environment (technical
  • and institutional support)
  • the European Union (public funding enhanced by solidarity
  • financing : leverage)
  • Corporate sponsorship triggered by the credibility of the project

C.Després, L. Provencher, G. Chakmishian, March 2006

slide16
A drop of hope...

C.Després, L. Provencher, G. Chakmishian, March 2006