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PROBLEM GAMBLING PREVENTION AN INTRODUCTION Gambling has rapidly become an acceptable and regular part of our society: Lottery numbers drawn live on TV Billboards, TV, radio ads Odds on sports events carried daily in newspapers Church bingo and raffles Sports betting

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gambling has rapidly become an acceptable and regular part of our society
Gambling has rapidly become an acceptable and regular part of our society:
  • Lottery numbers drawn live on TV
  • Billboards, TV, radio ads
  • Odds on sports events carried daily in newspapers
  • Church bingo and raffles
  • Sports betting
slide3

Gambling on a cell phone

Casinos

Horse racing

Texas Hold’em tournaments

Gambling on the Internet

Playing Pull-tabs

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This is the first generation of youth to be exposed to relatively easy access to a variety of gambling venues, widespread gambling advertising, and to pervasive social approval for an inherently risky activity.(Dr. Ken Winters, University of Minnesota)

age related behaviors
Age Related Behaviors

Driving

Voting

Gambling

Purchase tobacco

Sex

Drinking

typical steps to a driver s license
Typical Steps to a Driver’s License

Minimum driving age

Driver’s education, classroom

Driver’s test (written)

Driver’s education, behind the wheel

Drive with parent or other licensed driver

Driver’s exam (behind the wheel)

LICENSE

Clear guidelines for safe driving

typical steps to a gambling license
Typical Steps to a Gambling License

Minimum gambling age

LICENSE

Unclear guidelines for low-risk gambling

only two appropriate decisions
Only Two Appropriate Decisions

Not to gamble at all,

To gamble legally, socially, recreationally, occasionally, and appropriately.

what can we say
What Can We Say?

Abstinence is a safe and acceptable lifelong decision that many young people are choosing.

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Abstinence can be a lifelong decision. However, if you choose to gamble when you reach the legal age, we want you to know how to do so safely and appropriately.

whether

Whether

When deciding whether or not to gamble, ask yourself these questions:

Do you understand that you’ll probably lose, and accept the loss as part of the game?

Do you know that you cannot control chance?

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Whether (cont.)

Do you avoid borrowing money to gamble?

Do you make gambling a social activity with friends?

Do you know that gambling should not be the only form of recreation in your life?

Do you know the warning signs of problem gambling?

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Whether (cont.)

Do you know there are times when people should not gamble? Including when:

It interferes with work, school or family responsibilities.

In recovery from problem gambling. And, for many, when in recovery from chemical dependency or other addictions.

24

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Whether (cont.)

The form of gambling is illegal.

Under the legal gambling age.

Trying to make up for a gambling loss or series of losses (chasing).

The gambling is prohibited by an organizational or employer policy.

25

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When

If a person decides to gamble socially, the question then becomes:

When is it appropriate to gamble?

26

ask yourself these questions

Ask yourself these questions:

Are you gambling when you’re:

Feeling lonely, angry, depressed or under stress?

Trying to solve any personal or family problems?

Trying to impress others?

Trying to cope with the death or loss of a loved one?

Using alcohol or other drugs?

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Are you letting gambling interfere with or become a substitute for family, friends or work?

Are you using gambling as a way to cope with emotional or physical pain?

Are you setting a time limit and sticking to it, whether you’re winning or losing?

Would you reexamine your decision to gamble if it becomes difficult to resist the urge to gamble?

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how much

How Much

Do you agree that the money you spend on gambling is an entertainment expense, not an essential expense?

To find out, ask yourself these questions:

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Do you avoid setting acceptable spending and time limits prior to beginning to gamble and sticking to them?

Are you gambling money you need for your day-to-day expenses?

Do you borrow money to gamble?

Are you chasing losses or trying to recoup/make up for a loss?

Are you hiding your losses?

Do you gamble on credit or debit cards or misuse your checking account?

30

clear guidelines can
Clear Guidelines can:
  • Provide direction for making decisions about gambling
  • Provide direction for intervening with someone whose gambling concerns you
slide30

A recent Gallup Poll found:

  • 94% of Americans feel it is there responsibility to speak up to a friend or loved one who has a problem with alcohol or other drugs.
  • Only 38% feel comfortable doing so.
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Messages that tell us to keep quiet:

  • “If you can’t say something nice, don’t say anything at all.”
  • “Judge not lest we be judged.”
  • “If you live in a glass house, you’d better not throw stones.”
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Messages (cont.)

  • “I don’t know enough about problems like alcoholism, drug addiction or gambling to know when to talk to someone.”
  • “What if I make a mistake and say something wrong? Will I be sued?”
  • “I don’t want to get involved in someone’s personal business.”
prevention
Prevention

An active process of creating conditions and fostering personal attributes that promote the well-being of people.

multiple efforts
Multiple Efforts
  • Prevention strategies showing greatest promise of effectiveness focus on change at multiple levels:

- Individuals

- Family

- School

- Communities

institute of medicine iom prevention classification
Institute of Medicine (IOM)Prevention Classification

Universal

Programs that address an entire population (e.g. all 8th graders, all community members)

Selective

Programs that focus on groups exposed to greater levels of risk (e.g. children of pathological gamblers, highly mobile populations)

Indicated

Programs that are designed for individuals who exhibit risk-taking behaviors (e.g. students already experimenting with gambling or drugs)

discussion
Discussion

What Works in Prevention

six prevention strategies center for substance abuse prevention csap
Six Prevention Strategies[Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP)]

Information Dissemination

Prevention Education

Alternative Activities

Community-based Processes

Environmental Approaches

Problem Identification and Referral