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Groupe des Ecoles Centrales 09/03/2008. Centrale Pékin. Scientific Higher Education in France: a two-track system. EGIM, membre associé. PhD programmes. Master degree. Degree of « Ingénieur » (Master degree). « Grande Ecole » 3 « Grande Ecole » 2 « Grande Ecole » 1 CPGE 2 CPGE 1.

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Groupe des Ecoles Centrales 09/03/2008


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    1. Groupe des Ecoles Centrales 09/03/2008 Centrale Pékin

    2. Scientific Higher Education in France: a two-track system EGIM, membre associé PhD programmes Master degree Degree of « Ingénieur » (Master degree) « Grande Ecole » 3 « Grande Ecole » 2 « Grande Ecole » 1 CPGE 2 CPGE 1 Master 2 Master 1 Licence 3 Licence 2 Licence 1 Groupe des Ecoles Centrales National competitive examination Non-selective admission to universities and admission to 5 year course engineering schools Selection for « Grande Ecole » track (15 000) Scientific « baccalauréat » (150 000) Class of age (760 000)

    3. The French Grandes Ecoles • Highly selective admissions process • State of the art education and training in science, technology and management • Strong interaction with research teams and close links with industry • Hands-on training for professional life (Student Office, Junior Entreprise, social work, etc.) • Strong European and international dimension More than 60% of CEOs of the 100 major French companies are graduates of Grandes Écoles • The Grandes Écoles Diplôme d’Ingenieur course is the most prestigious in French higher education

    4. The Ecoles Centralesengineering training process • Recruitment after 2 year intensive course in mathematics & physics or chemistry : Classes Préparatoires (CPGE) • Highly competitive national entrance examinations • Broad-based multidisciplinary engineering course : 2 year common core course + 1 year elective pre-specialisation course • Strong links with industry : Administrative Council, project activities, full-time internships, research contracts • Strong interaction between teaching and research • Accreditation by French national commission : Commission des Titres d’Ingénieur • More than 60% of Chief Executive Officers of the 100 major French corporations are graduates of the Grandes Ecoles • The Ingénieur course is the most prestigious scientific higher education course in France

    5. TheIngénieur Centralien:engineer – managerthe French touch: the“Ingénieur généraliste” • Profile • Strong basis in mathematics and physics and /or chemistry • Knowledge of broad range of scientific and technical disciplines • Competence in economics and management skills • Hands-on experience of industry • Experience of team-work and project-work • International profile • Global vision & open-minded approach • High management potential • Career • All sectors of economy (public & private industry & services) • Research, development and innovation • Senior positions as expert or manager

    6. Groupe des Ecoles Centrales:an alliance between five French Grandes Ecoles5 partners -- 1 philosophy Size: 6 500 graduate students 1 570 master degrees per year 600 full-time academic staff 2000 visiting or part-time lecturers 500 technical & administrative staff Budget : 110 million euros 60% public / 40% private Research : 650 PhD students 260 full-time researchers 32 laboratories 42 million euros Alumni: 20 000 professionally active graduates • Close links with industry • Official recognition at national & international level (MEN, Erasmus, CAPES, CSC, etc.)

    7. Groupe des Ecoles Centrales : a highly selective admissions process Age class 760 000 Baccalauréat 470 000 Scientific Baccalauréat 150 000 Admission to CPGE 23 000 Candidates for EcolesCentrales admission 12 000 Rank of last student admitted 2 400 Number of places at EcolesCentrales 1 350

    8. Ecole Centrale Ph. D. degree Companies Companies PhD year 3 PhD year 2 PhD year 1 M.S. degree Ecole Centrale Engineering degree (M.Sc) M.Sc degree Junior / Senior Executive courses (Year 5) : Centrale Advanced course M.Sc. Year 2 M. Sc. (2 years) (Year 4) : Centrale Generalist core course M.Sc. Year 1 (Year 3) : Centrale Generalist core course Selection National Competitive Entrance Examination B. Sc. (3 years) European & International admissions (Year 2) : CPGE (maths/physics) (Year 1) : CPGE (maths/physics) Selection of top 10% French scientific « Baccalauréat »

    9. The 7 educational objectives of the Ecole Centrale course • To achieve a high level of scientific & technical competence • To learn to deal with complex technological systems • To understand the working of companies and the professional activities of engineers • To develop a sense of initiative and a critical and innovative mindset • To achieve a fully-developed personality and a broad cultural background • To learn to communicate and to work in a team • To develop an international dimension

    10. The « Ingénieur Généraliste » • « Généraliste » : • Not to be compared with the specialist who is a real expert in his field • But • A manager with a high potential for assimilating a broad range of disciplines, and for integrating human, information and technological resources in order to develop innovative systems The international double degree combines • the best of Generalist engineering education (Ecole Centrale Common Core course) and • the best of Specialist engineering education (4 last semesters of engineering education in Partner university)

    11. .. the “ingénieur généraliste” vs the specialist …… or the Fox and the Hedgehog: “The fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one great thing” Archilochusπόλλ' οἶδ ἀλώπηξ, ἀλλ' ἐχῖνος ἓν μέγα

    12. “Classes Préparatoires” undergraduate maths, physics, chemistry 2 years 2 years Core course = 1800 contact hours+ company placements50% 50%  International training  Fundamental Sciences (physics, mathematics, chemistry) Management training economics, law ..  Technical & Applied Sciences Projects / (electronics, mechanical engineering, experimental work materials, TIC ..) 1 year Pre-specialisation course + 6 month company placement (final year engineering project) “Generalist” science and engineering training

    13. Course design for the Ecole Centrale “generalist” curriculum 1 YEAR Advanced study = 900 contact hours + thesis Core course = 1800 contact hours + internships 50% 50% gTraining for international gFundamental sciences experience (physics, mathematics, chemistry, gSocial sciences/ training human sciences, economics, etc.) for professional activity gTechnological and applied sciences gProjects and (electronics, civil engineering, laboratory work materials, information technology, etc.) 2 YEARS Undergraduate programme (CPGE) 2 YEARS

    14. Career prospects • Young Ecole Centrale graduates are active in all sectors : - 2/3 work in industry - 1/3 work in services • 9 sectors recrute at least 5 % of each year class consultancy 11.4 % information technology services 9.1 % banks, finance, insurance 8.8 % project engineering 6.8 % research & development 6.6 % automobile industry 6.4 % building & public works 5.4 % energy 5.4 % chemical & pharmaceuticals 5.0 %

    15. The Ecoles Centrales & Industry • First Ecoles Centrales founded by companies during the 19th century • About 40% of the total funding comes from companies • Managed by Administrative Council with 50% of members from outside the school, under a Chairman appointed from industry • Compulsory full-time company internships every year • Research contracts • Continuing education for engineers • Customized courses for international engineers • Visiting professors from industry • Student projects proposed by companies • Industry steering committee for 3rd-year courses • Entrepreneurship • Spin-offs for research valorisation

    16. Research at the Ecoles Centrales • 32 laboratories covering all fields in engineering sciences • Permanent faculty and research staff of 860 members • 650 PhD students working on the four campuses • 200 PhDs awarded each year • More than 500 international papers published each year • A budget of 33 M€, half from industry funding

    17. M.Sc & PhD programmes Fluid Mechanics Wave motion, Fluid-structure interaction Complex turbulent viscous flows Hydrodynamics Combustion ElectricalEngineering Power systems and Machines Power networks Mechanical Engineering Dynamics, Robotics, Material Sc., Production, Energy Electronic Engineering Waves, Acoustics, Micro- & Nano- systems Civil Engineering Structures, Soil Environment Partnerships for MSc / PhD Degrees 32 Laboratories 650 PhD students 200 PhDs awarded each year Physics and Chemical Eng Solid state and thermophysics Process, Catalysis, Environment, Biotechnologies Optics Automatic Control Systems & Applied Maths Signal Processing Non-Linear systems, Bond-Graphs Computer Sciences Industrial process optimisation, Discrete systems Communication and networks Industrial Engineering Cognitive Design, System engineering, KM & Information Systems, Logistics,

    18. Research • Laboratories : • International recognition • Close ties with industry and scientific community • Fully integrated with the Ecole Centrale curriculum • High growth potential for research teams • Research focus in phase with current needs of industry, services and society : • Health (bio-engineering, bio-technologies, etc.) • Information Technologies and Communication • Sustainable Development, Environmentally-friendly Design • Nanotechnologies • Energy • Intensive networking

    19. Several levels : • Double Degree at the Ingénieur (Master) level • Joint Masters degrees • ECTS credits (semesters) • Project works (semester) • PhD : co-supervision & joint PhDs International Cooperation Each year : • 500 foreign students within the five campuses • 500 EC students at foreign partner universities • 2000 international internships And 80 visiting professors within the five Ecoles Centrale 90 partner universities on all continents.

    20. Philosophy of international cooperation Mobility is a very important and fruitful stage in students’educational careers BUT • The criteria for success should be based • not on the percentage of students involved • but on the quality of the mobility. • That means : • Solid partnerships based on mutual confidence • Active involvement of students and professors in working out learning agreements • Ongoing monitoring of exchange students • Support from public and private funding for living expenses

    21. Partnerships within Europe The Double Degree TIME network Germany TU Dresden TU Darmstadt RWTH Aachen TU Berlin Univ. Stuttgart TU München Univ. Erlangen-Nürnberg Greece TU Thessalonika EMP Athens Hungary BUTE Budapest Italy Poli Torino Poli Milano UTN Trento UPA Padova Japan Keio University Tohoku University Norway NTNU Trondheim Poland Wroclaw TU • Portugal • IST Lisboa • Russia • BMSTU Moscow • MIREA Moscow • TPU Tomsk • Spain • UPM-ETSII Madrid • ICAI Madrid • UPV Valencia • UPC Barcelona • USE Seville • Sweden • KTH Stockholm • CTH Göteborg • LTH Lund • Switzerland • EPF Lausanne • ZTH Zürich • Turkey • ITU Istanbul Austria TU Wien Belgium Université Liège U. Catholique de Louvain U. Libre de Bruxelles FP Mons VU Brussels Brazil USP Sao Paolo Czech Republic TU Prague Denmark DTU Copenhagen Finland TKK Helsinki • Other bilateral • Agreements with • UK • Cambridge University • Cranfield University • Imperial College London • Spain, Holland, Ukraine, Russia, etc.

    22. Partnerships with North America • Ecoles Centrales Double degree partnerships • Canada • Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal • Waterloo University • USA • Penn Sate University • Columbia University • Bilateral Double Degree agreements with : • USA • Stanford University • Cornell University • Austin Texas University • Virginia State University • Oklahoma State University • Other bilateral cooperation with • USA • Ann Harbor • Michigan University • Canada • Mac Gill

    23. Partnerships with Latin America • Ecoles Centrales Double degree partnerships • Brazil • Escola Politecnica U. Sao Paulo (USP) • Campinas University (UNICAMP) • UF Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) • UF Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS, Porto Alegre) • UF Ceara (UFC, Fortaleza) • PUC Rio de Janeiro • Chile • University of Chile (UC, Santiago) • PUC Chile (Santiago) • Bilateral cooperation with • Argentina • Rosario University • University of Buenos Aires • Mexico • Instituto Politecnico de Mexico (IPM) • Etc. Research cooperation with Brazil within « College Doctoral Franco-Bresilien »

    24. Partnerships with Asia and Pacific • Ecoles Centrales Double degree partnerships • Japan • Tohoku University (Sendai) • Keio University (Yokohama) • Doshisha University (Kyoto) • China • Tsinghua University • Shanghai Jiao Tong University • Xian Jiao Tong University • Southwest Chengdu Jiao Tong University • Korea • Changwoon National University • Indonesia • University of Indonesia (Djakarta) • Other bi- or multilateral • agreements with • India • New Delhi IIT • Kampur IIT • Mombai IIT • Bengalore IIS • Singapore • NUS • Japan • Todai University (Tokyo) • Korea • KAIST • POSTECH • Australia • UQ Brisbane • UNSW Sydney • Monash Melbourne • Asia Campus of Groupe des Ecoles Centrales • Ecole Centrale Pékin (Beihang University) • Research cooperation agreement with CSC

    25. Ecole Centrale Pékin In 2004, the Chinese Ministry of Education asked the Groupe des Ecoles Centrales to set up an Ecole Centrale in China A spin-off from the success of the « 4+4 » Double-Degree progarmme. Beihang University was chosen as partner university. Centrale Pékin is an independent department of Beihang University. All criteria for an Ecole Centrale are fulfilled : a Généraliste engineering course with an international focus and close links with research and industry Centrale Pékin is a full partner of the Groupe des Ecoles Centrale and will be accredited by the French government (Commission des Titres d'Ingénieurs : CTI). Ecole Centrale Pekin was inaugurated in September 2005 with : 107 top level students, beginning with the preparatory cycle of 3 years CPGE (including intensive French language training) A 3-year master degree course in Science & Engineering, with the same design as the French Ecole Centrale course, starting in 2008 Associates and partners providing support : French Ministry of Education (funding of 3 French professors in 2005 and 2 more in 2006) Groupe des Ecoles Centrales (full time Deputy-Director and Assistant) Fondation Nicole BRU and the Honour Committee of the French Year in China French companies in China provide support for the engineering course.

    26. Groupe des Ecoles Centrales The possibilities for international student mobility: - two-year mobility for double degree (Master) - one-year with credit transfer - project with credit transfer - PhD double degree or joint supervision

    27. Centrale diplôme d’ingénieur Master degree + Partner Master degree Year 6 (5) Year 5 Year 5 (4) Year 4 (Year 3) Year 3 Year 2 (CPGE) Year 2 (or 2.5 /3) Year 1 (CPGE) Year 1 Ecole Centrale International Partner Double Degree programme (Master) • Complementarity : Generalist + Specialist • Bi-cultural : 1 or 2 years abroad

    28. Groupe des Ecoles CentralesThe Double Degree programme Entry level: 2 years of higher education (120 ECTS )2 year study period abroad (120 ECTS)Ecole Centrale: 2-year “tronc commun généraliste” (multidisciplinary core course)Including : - 2 work placements in a French company (total 5 months) - 1-year group project

    29. Scientific / engineering discipline Mechanics / Electronics & Electrical Eng. / Chemical Eng. / Optics-Photonics / Materials Science / Mathematics / Computer Science / Automatic Control Systems / Marine Eng. / Industrial Eng./ Economics Career Training Production / R&D / Logistics / Industrial Management / Business Administration / Entrepreneurship Full time 6-month Internship Industry / Research Laboratory + Project thesis One-year with credit transfer3rd year elective pre-specialisation courseM2 level + +

    30. Joint PhD thesis double degree • International experience for students • Research cooperation for laboratories Partner universityPh.D + Ecole CentralePh.D Joint thesis defence Joint supervision PhD also possible Ecole Centrale. Partner univ. Ecole Centrale Partner univ. Ecole Centrale Partner univ. 3rd Year 2nd Year 1st Year

    31. Credit transfer for project work Grasp the complexity of the subject of the project Environmental effects ? Technical dimensions ? Socio-cultural uses and practices ? Targeted market ? commercial arguments ? Organizational changes needed ? Costs ? Who is going to support them ? Grasp the complexity of project-work activity Priorities in the concepts and methods ? Organization of the team ? Motivation over time ? Inductive / Deductive reasoning ? Financial and time management ?

    32. The mobility options for outgoing and incoming students Co-supervision of thesis Ph.D Joint Doctoral Thesis Double degree (15-24 months) 3rd year final project (3-5 months) Master courses (12 months) 3rd year Gap year (10-12 months) Credit transfer 2nd year placement (3 months) 2nd year Summer placement (1 month) 1st year placement 6 weeks Double - Degree (24 months) 1st year CPGE CPGE

    33. Student activities and clubs : Student Office (BdE), Arts Club (BdA), Sports Club (BdS), etc. Professional experience in student-run organisations: • Ingénieurs sans Frontières • Junior Entreprise • Company Forum Sports and other clubs : • Jazz, Chess, Theatre, Cinema, Dance • Sailing, Rugby, Football, Basketball, Martial Arts, etc. International Clubs • Club TIME, etc.

    34. Accommodation : student residences Priority for international students • 10 minutes on foot from campus • Individual or shared rooms • Internet connection • TV • Gym • Laundry facilities • Other facilities

    35. Groupe des Écoles Centrales