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Groupe des Ecoles Centrales 09/03/2008. Centrale Pékin. Scientific Higher Education in France: a two-track system. EGIM, membre associé. PhD programmes. Master degree. Degree of « Ingénieur » (Master degree). « Grande Ecole » 3 « Grande Ecole » 2 « Grande Ecole » 1 CPGE 2 CPGE 1.

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Groupe des Ecoles Centrales


Centrale Pékin

scientific higher education in france a two track system
Scientific Higher Education in France: a two-track system


membre associé

PhD programmes

Master degree

Degree of « Ingénieur » (Master degree)

« Grande Ecole » 3

« Grande Ecole » 2

« Grande Ecole » 1



Master 2

Master 1

Licence 3

Licence 2

Licence 1

Groupe des



National competitive examination

Non-selective admission to universities and

admission to 5 year course engineering schools

Selection for « Grande Ecole » track

(15 000)

Scientific « baccalauréat » (150 000)

Class of age (760 000)


The French Grandes Ecoles

  • Highly selective admissions process
  • State of the art education and training in science, technology and management
  • Strong interaction with research teams and close links with industry
  • Hands-on training for professional life (Student Office, Junior Entreprise, social work, etc.)
  • Strong European and international dimension

More than 60% of CEOs of the 100 major French companies are graduates of Grandes Écoles

    • The Grandes Écoles Diplôme d’Ingenieur course is the most prestigious in French higher education
the ecoles centrales engineering training process
The Ecoles Centralesengineering training process
  • Recruitment after 2 year intensive course in mathematics & physics or chemistry : Classes Préparatoires (CPGE)
  • Highly competitive national entrance examinations
  • Broad-based multidisciplinary engineering course :

2 year common core course + 1 year elective pre-specialisation course

  • Strong links with industry :

Administrative Council, project activities, full-time internships, research contracts

  • Strong interaction between teaching and research
  • Accreditation by French national commission :

Commission des Titres d’Ingénieur

    • More than 60% of Chief Executive Officers of the 100 major French corporations are graduates of the Grandes Ecoles
    • The Ingénieur course is the most prestigious scientific higher education course in France
the ing nieur centralien engineer manager the french touch the ing nieur g n raliste
TheIngénieur Centralien:engineer – managerthe French touch: the“Ingénieur généraliste”
  • Profile
    • Strong basis in mathematics and physics and /or chemistry
    • Knowledge of broad range of scientific and technical disciplines
    • Competence in economics and management skills
    • Hands-on experience of industry
    • Experience of team-work and project-work
    • International profile
    • Global vision & open-minded approach
    • High management potential
  • Career
    • All sectors of economy (public & private industry & services)
    • Research, development and innovation
    • Senior positions as expert or manager
groupe des ecoles centrales an alliance between five french grandes ecoles 5 partners 1 philosophy
Groupe des Ecoles Centrales:an alliance between five French Grandes Ecoles5 partners -- 1 philosophy

Size: 6 500 graduate students

1 570 master degrees per year

600 full-time academic staff

2000 visiting or part-time lecturers

500 technical & administrative staff

Budget : 110 million euros

60% public / 40% private

Research : 650 PhD students

260 full-time researchers

32 laboratories

42 million euros

Alumni: 20 000 professionally active graduates

  • Close links with industry
  • Official recognition at national & international level (MEN, Erasmus, CAPES, CSC, etc.)
groupe des ecoles centrales a highly selective admissions process
Groupe des Ecoles Centrales : a highly selective admissions process

Age class 760 000

Baccalauréat 470 000

Scientific Baccalauréat 150 000

Admission to CPGE 23 000

Candidates for EcolesCentrales admission 12 000

Rank of last student admitted 2 400

Number of places at EcolesCentrales 1 350


Ecole Centrale Ph. D. degree



PhD year 3

PhD year 2

PhD year 1

M.S. degree

Ecole Centrale Engineering degree (M.Sc)

M.Sc degree

Junior / Senior Executive courses

(Year 5) : Centrale Advanced course

M.Sc. Year 2

M. Sc.

(2 years)

(Year 4) : Centrale Generalist core course

M.Sc. Year 1

(Year 3) : Centrale Generalist core course


National Competitive

Entrance Examination

B. Sc.

(3 years)


& International


(Year 2) : CPGE (maths/physics)

(Year 1) : CPGE (maths/physics)

Selection of top 10%

French scientific « Baccalauréat »

the 7 educational objectives of the ecole centrale course
The 7 educational objectives of the Ecole Centrale course
  • To achieve a high level of scientific & technical competence
  • To learn to deal with complex technological systems
  • To understand the working of companies and the professional

activities of engineers

  • To develop a sense of initiative and a critical and innovative mindset
  • To achieve a fully-developed personality and a broad cultural background
  • To learn to communicate and to work in a team
  • To develop an international dimension
the ing nieur g n raliste
The « Ingénieur Généraliste »
  • « Généraliste » :
  • Not to be compared with the specialist who is a real expert in his field
  • But
  • A manager with a high potential for assimilating a broad range of disciplines, and for integrating human, information and technological resources in order to develop innovative systems

The international double degree combines

    • the best of Generalist engineering education (Ecole Centrale Common Core course)


    • the best of Specialist engineering education (4 last semesters of engineering education in Partner university)
the ing nieur g n raliste vs the specialist or the fox and the hedgehog
.. the “ingénieur généraliste” vs the specialist …… or the Fox and the Hedgehog:

“The fox knows many things,

but the hedgehog knows one great thing” Archilochusπόλλ' οἶδ ἀλώπηξ, ἀλλ' ἐχῖνος ἓν μέγα

generalist science and engineering training

“Classes Préparatoires” undergraduate maths, physics, chemistry





Core course = 1800 contact hours+ company placements50% 50%

 International training  Fundamental Sciences

(physics, mathematics, chemistry)

Management training economics, law ..

 Technical & Applied Sciences

Projects / (electronics, mechanical engineering,

experimental work materials, TIC ..)



Pre-specialisation course + 6 month company placement (final year engineering project)

“Generalist” science and engineering training
course design for the ecole centrale generalist curriculum
Course design for the Ecole Centrale “generalist” curriculum



Advanced study = 900 contact hours + thesis

Core course = 1800 contact hours + internships

50% 50%

gTraining for international gFundamental sciences

experience (physics, mathematics, chemistry,

gSocial sciences/ training human sciences, economics, etc.)

for professional activity

gTechnological and applied sciences

gProjects and (electronics, civil engineering,

laboratory work materials, information technology, etc.)



Undergraduate programme (CPGE)




Career prospects

  • Young Ecole Centrale graduates are active in all sectors :

- 2/3 work in industry

- 1/3 work in services

  • 9 sectors recrute at least 5 % of each year class

consultancy 11.4 %

information technology services 9.1 %

banks, finance, insurance 8.8 %

project engineering 6.8 %

research & development 6.6 %

automobile industry 6.4 %

building & public works 5.4 %

energy 5.4 %

chemical & pharmaceuticals 5.0 %

the ecoles centrales industry
The Ecoles Centrales & Industry
  • First Ecoles Centrales founded by companies during the 19th century
  • About 40% of the total funding comes from companies
  • Managed by Administrative Council with 50% of members from outside the school, under a Chairman appointed from industry
  • Compulsory full-time company internships every year
  • Research contracts
  • Continuing education for engineers
  • Customized courses for international engineers
  • Visiting professors from industry
  • Student projects proposed by companies
  • Industry steering committee for 3rd-year courses
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Spin-offs for research valorisation

Research at the Ecoles Centrales

  • 32 laboratories covering all fields in engineering sciences
  • Permanent faculty and research staff of 860 members
  • 650 PhD students working on the four campuses
  • 200 PhDs awarded each year
  • More than 500 international papers published each year
  • A budget of 33 M€, half from industry funding
m sc phd programmes
M.Sc & PhD programmes



Wave motion,



Complex turbulent

viscous flows




Power systems

and Machines

Power networks



Dynamics, Robotics,

Material Sc.,



Electronic Engineering



Micro- & Nano-







Partnerships for MSc / PhD Degrees

32 Laboratories

650 PhD students

200 PhDs awarded each year

Physics and

Chemical Eng

Solid state and







Automatic Control Systems &

Applied Maths

Signal Processing

Non-Linear systems,


Computer Sciences

Industrial process


Discrete systems

Communication and


Industrial Engineering

Cognitive Design,

System engineering,

KM & Information



  • Laboratories :
      • International recognition
      • Close ties with industry and scientific community
      • Fully integrated with the Ecole Centrale curriculum
      • High growth potential for research teams
  • Research focus in phase with current needs of industry, services and society :
    • Health (bio-engineering, bio-technologies, etc.)
    • Information Technologies and Communication
    • Sustainable Development, Environmentally-friendly Design
    • Nanotechnologies
    • Energy
  • Intensive networking
international cooperation

Several levels :

  • Double Degree at the Ingénieur (Master) level
  • Joint Masters degrees
  • ECTS credits (semesters)
  • Project works (semester)
  • PhD : co-supervision & joint PhDs

International Cooperation

Each year :

  • 500 foreign students within the five campuses
  • 500 EC students at foreign partner universities
  • 2000 international internships


80 visiting professors within the five Ecoles Centrale

90 partner universities on all continents.

philosophy of international cooperation
Philosophy of international cooperation

Mobility is a very important and fruitful

stage in students’educational careers


  • The criteria for success should be based
  • not on the percentage of students involved
  • but on the quality of the mobility.
  • That means :
  • Solid partnerships based on mutual confidence
  • Active involvement of students and professors in working out learning agreements
  • Ongoing monitoring of exchange students
  • Support from public and private funding for living expenses
partnerships within europe
Partnerships within Europe


Double Degree

TIME network


TU Dresden

TU Darmstadt

RWTH Aachen

TU Berlin

Univ. Stuttgart

TU München

Univ. Erlangen-Nürnberg


TU Thessalonika

EMP Athens


BUTE Budapest


Poli Torino

Poli Milano

UTN Trento

UPA Padova


Keio University

Tohoku University


NTNU Trondheim


Wroclaw TU

  • Portugal
  • IST Lisboa
  • Russia
  • BMSTU Moscow
  • MIREA Moscow
  • TPU Tomsk
  • Spain
  • UPM-ETSII Madrid
  • ICAI Madrid
  • UPV Valencia
  • UPC Barcelona
  • USE Seville
  • Sweden
  • KTH Stockholm
  • CTH Göteborg
  • LTH Lund
  • Switzerland
  • EPF Lausanne
  • ZTH Zürich
  • Turkey
  • ITU Istanbul


TU Wien


Université Liège

U. Catholique de Louvain

U. Libre de Bruxelles

FP Mons

VU Brussels


USP Sao Paolo

Czech Republic

TU Prague


DTU Copenhagen


TKK Helsinki

  • Other bilateral
  • Agreements with
  • UK
  • Cambridge University
  • Cranfield University
  • Imperial College London
  • Spain, Holland, Ukraine, Russia, etc.
partnerships with north america
Partnerships with North America
  • Ecoles Centrales Double degree partnerships
  • Canada
  • Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal
  • Waterloo University
  • USA
  • Penn Sate University
  • Columbia University
  • Bilateral Double Degree agreements with :
  • USA
  • Stanford University
  • Cornell University
  • Austin Texas University
  • Virginia State University
  • Oklahoma State University
  • Other bilateral cooperation with
  • USA
  • Ann Harbor
  • Michigan University
  • Canada
  • Mac Gill
partnerships with latin america
Partnerships with Latin America
  • Ecoles Centrales Double degree partnerships
  • Brazil
  • Escola Politecnica U. Sao Paulo (USP)
  • Campinas University (UNICAMP)
  • UF Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)
  • UF Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS, Porto Alegre)
  • UF Ceara (UFC, Fortaleza)
  • PUC Rio de Janeiro
  • Chile
  • University of Chile (UC, Santiago)
  • PUC Chile (Santiago)
  • Bilateral cooperation with
  • Argentina
  • Rosario University
  • University of Buenos Aires
  • Mexico
  • Instituto Politecnico de Mexico (IPM)
  • Etc.

Research cooperation with Brazil within

« College Doctoral Franco-Bresilien »

partnerships with asia and pacific
Partnerships with Asia and Pacific
  • Ecoles Centrales Double degree partnerships
  • Japan
  • Tohoku University (Sendai)
  • Keio University (Yokohama)
  • Doshisha University (Kyoto)
  • China
  • Tsinghua University
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • Xian Jiao Tong University
  • Southwest Chengdu Jiao Tong University
  • Korea
  • Changwoon National University
  • Indonesia
  • University of Indonesia (Djakarta)
  • Other bi- or multilateral
  • agreements with
  • India
  • New Delhi IIT
  • Kampur IIT
  • Mombai IIT
  • Bengalore IIS
  • Singapore
  • NUS
  • Japan
  • Todai University (Tokyo)
  • Korea
  • Australia
  • UQ Brisbane
  • UNSW Sydney
  • Monash Melbourne
  • Asia Campus of Groupe des Ecoles Centrales
  • Ecole Centrale Pékin (Beihang University)
  • Research cooperation agreement with CSC

Ecole Centrale Pékin

In 2004, the Chinese Ministry of Education asked the Groupe des Ecoles Centrales to set up an Ecole Centrale in China

A spin-off from the success of the « 4+4 » Double-Degree progarmme.

Beihang University was chosen as partner university.

Centrale Pékin is an independent department of Beihang University.

All criteria for an Ecole Centrale are fulfilled : a Généraliste engineering course with an international focus and close links with research and industry

Centrale Pékin is a full partner of the Groupe des Ecoles Centrale and will be accredited by the French government (Commission des Titres d'Ingénieurs : CTI).

Ecole Centrale Pekin was inaugurated in September 2005 with :

107 top level students, beginning with the preparatory cycle of 3 years CPGE (including intensive French language training)

A 3-year master degree course in Science & Engineering, with the same design as the French Ecole Centrale course, starting in 2008

Associates and partners providing support :

French Ministry of Education (funding of 3 French professors in 2005 and 2 more in 2006)

Groupe des Ecoles Centrales (full time Deputy-Director and Assistant)

Fondation Nicole BRU and the Honour Committee of the French Year in China

French companies in China provide support for the engineering course.


Groupe des Ecoles Centrales

The possibilities for international student mobility:

- two-year mobility for double degree (Master)

- one-year with credit transfer

- project with credit transfer

- PhD double degree or joint supervision

double degree programme master

Centrale diplôme d’ingénieur Master degree + Partner Master degree

Year 6 (5)

Year 5

Year 5 (4)

Year 4

(Year 3)

Year 3

Year 2 (CPGE)

Year 2 (or 2.5 /3)

Year 1 (CPGE)

Year 1

Ecole Centrale

International Partner

Double Degree programme (Master)
  • Complementarity : Generalist + Specialist
  • Bi-cultural : 1 or 2 years abroad
groupe des ecoles centrales the double degree programme
Groupe des Ecoles CentralesThe Double Degree programme

Entry level: 2 years of higher education (120 ECTS )2 year study period abroad (120 ECTS)Ecole Centrale: 2-year “tronc commun généraliste” (multidisciplinary core course)Including : - 2 work placements in a French company (total 5 months) - 1-year group project

one year with credit transfer 3rd year elective pre specialisation course m2 level

Scientific / engineering discipline

Mechanics / Electronics & Electrical Eng. / Chemical Eng. / Optics-Photonics / Materials Science /

Mathematics / Computer Science / Automatic Control Systems / Marine Eng. / Industrial Eng./ Economics

Career Training

Production / R&D / Logistics / Industrial Management /

Business Administration / Entrepreneurship

Full time 6-month


Industry / Research Laboratory

+ Project thesis

One-year with credit transfer3rd year elective pre-specialisation courseM2 level




Joint PhD thesis double degree

  • International experience for students
  • Research cooperation for laboratories

Partner universityPh.D


Ecole CentralePh.D

Joint thesis


Joint supervision PhD also possible

Ecole Centrale.

Partner univ.

Ecole Centrale

Partner univ.

Ecole Centrale

Partner univ.

3rd Year

2nd Year

1st Year

credit transfer for project work
Credit transfer for project work

Grasp the complexity of the subject of the project

Environmental effects ?

Technical dimensions ?

Socio-cultural uses and practices ?

Targeted market ? commercial arguments ?

Organizational changes needed ?

Costs ?

Who is going to support them ?

Grasp the complexity of project-work activity

Priorities in the concepts and methods ?

Organization of the team ?

Motivation over time ?

Inductive / Deductive

reasoning ?

Financial and time management ?

the mobility options for outgoing and incoming students
The mobility options for outgoing and incoming students

Co-supervision of thesis


Joint Doctoral Thesis

Double degree

(15-24 months)

3rd year final project

(3-5 months)

Master courses (12 months)

3rd year

Gap year

(10-12 months)

Credit transfer

2nd year placement

(3 months)

2nd year

Summer placement

(1 month)

1st year placement

6 weeks

Double - Degree

(24 months)

1st year



student activities and clubs student office bde arts club bda sports club bds etc
Student activities and clubs : Student Office (BdE), Arts Club (BdA), Sports Club (BdS), etc.

Professional experience in student-run organisations:

  • Ingénieurs sans Frontières
  • Junior Entreprise
  • Company Forum

Sports and other clubs :

  • Jazz, Chess, Theatre, Cinema, Dance
  • Sailing, Rugby, Football, Basketball, Martial Arts, etc.

International Clubs

  • Club TIME, etc.
accommodation student residences
Accommodation : student residences

Priority for international students

  • 10 minutes on foot from campus
  • Individual or shared rooms
  • Internet connection
  • TV
  • Gym
  • Laundry facilities
  • Other facilities