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Gender and Environment Statistics. Gerry Brady, CSO Ireland UNECE 26-28 April, 2010. Overview. Gender and sex disaggregation of economic and social statistics is reasonably well-developed

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gender and environment statistics

Gender and Environment Statistics

Gerry Brady, CSO Ireland

UNECE 26-28 April, 2010

Presented by Helen Cahill, CSO Ireland

overview
Overview
  • Gender and sex disaggregation of economic and social statistics is reasonably well-developed
  • This disaggregation is accepted as an essential view in understanding the data, differences in the lives of men and women, and in economic and social policy formulation
  • Gender disaggregation of environmental data may in time become just as important
  • However people-oriented environmental indicators have not yet been developed
  • Hence we currently have a set of genderless environmental statistics
need for environment gender view
Need for environment gender view
  • The behaviours and consumption of people are a primary cause of environmental damage
  • The decisions and behaviours of women and men may have different impacts on the environment
  • Men and women may respond differently to policies addressing environmental concerns through modifying their behaviour and consumption
  • The black box of how men and women respond to climate and environment concerns requires gender disaggregated environmental statistics
example statistical areas of interest
Example statistical areas of interest
  • 2009 Eurobarometer attitudes to climate change survey
  • Personal consumption
  • Transport
  • Recycling
  • Energy use
  • Decision-making in industries using raw materials
  • Decision-making in environmental policy areas
  • Consequences of environmental damage on men and women (water, food, living locations, income earning etc.)
2009 eurobarometer survey
2009 Eurobarometer Survey
  • A survey of Europeans’ attitudes towards most serious problems facing our world today
  • Climate change was ranked as the second most serious problem by both men and women
  • Survey looked at recycling, energy and water consumption in the home, buying local produce to reduce transportation requirement, car related activities, air transport, renewable energy
  • Survey identified differences in the attitudes and behaviours of men and women
eurobarometer continued
Eurobarometer continued
  • Women were generally more responsive to changing their behaviours towards more environmentally friendly practices
  • e.g. 58% of women, who were taking personal action, reduced home water consumption compared with 51% of the men who were taking personal action
  • Survey showed that it was possible to identify and collect people-oriented environmental indicators
personal consumption
Personal consumption
  • Is there a significant difference in the impact on the environment in the quantity and type of goods consumed by men and women?
  • Would require environment effect factors at detailed product level (reflecting raw material composition of products and usage effect on the environment)
  • Could household purchase surveys be adapted to collect some basic data on personal consumption and green influences on which products to purchase ?
transport
Transport
  • Data from the 2006 Census of Population in Ireland showed that women are more likely to drive to work
  • Men hold more than half of full driving licences in Ireland
  • A detailed travel survey analysing mode of travel, vehicle size and ownership, fuel consumption, purpose of journeys, whether other passengers were carried etc. would be very useful
  • Data on travel/journey purposes from time use surveys may also be useful e.g. to bring children to school
r ecycling and energy conservation
Recycling and energy conservation
  • Labour force survey module in Ireland in 2005 on Recycling and Energy Conservation
  • Women had higher rates of recycling products such as paper, cans, plastic and clothing
  • Recycling data suggested that behaviours of men who lived alone were worse than if women also lived in the household => more consistent behaviour of women
  • There were smaller differences between men and women in relation to energy conservation measures with women more likely to be pro-active
going forward
Going Forward
  • Discussions needed regarding whether gender and people dimensions should be mainstreamed into environmental statistics
  • Would require adding some new people related environment indicators into existing international sets
  • May require making changes to existing survey methodologies
going forward continued
Going forward (continued)
  • This data would allow policy attempts to change behaviour to focus more clearly on behaviours of particular segments
  • Alternative is environmental statistics unable to distinguish socio-demographic including gender differences in behaviour and responsiveness to environmentally friendly practices
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