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Cro-Magnon. By: Chris, Bennett, Ashley, Summer. Dates and Places. The Cro-Magnons remains were first discovered in France. Cro-Magnons spread out over Africa, Asia, and Europe by 30,000 years ago.

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cro magnon



Chris, Bennett, Ashley, Summer

dates and places
Dates and Places
  • The Cro-Magnons remains were first discovered in France. Cro-Magnons spread out over Africa, Asia, and Europe by 30,000 years ago.
  • Cro-Magnons had traveled over the land bridges that were there only during the Ice Age to stay at North and South America.
  • By this time, every continent but Antarctica had humans populating it.
  • Cro-Magnons used fire during the end of the Ice Age, for the weather was still freezing, so fire was one of the survival elements they depended on.
  • Fire was also used to hunt down animals that they ate, but it also protected them from wild animals by scaring them away.
  • Fire was the only light they had to use and the only heat to cook their food.
religion and ceremonies
Religion and Ceremonies
  • When a person died, all members in the tribe participated in the funeral.
  • The body was put into a shallow grave with tools, weapons, and food needed in the afterlife. Then the grave was covered with dirt and stones.
  • The shaman, or religious leader, most likely led the ceremony to honor the dead and request a happy afterlife.
  • Clothing was made out of animal hides. They wore robes, pants, tunics, and dresses.
  • The Cro-Magnons also added little beads made from colored rocks or shells into their clothing for decoration.
  • With their clothes, they wore stone, shell, fish bone, and eggshell necklaces.
  • Cro-Magnons made flint-bladed axes into a tool-like chisel.
  • These new tools could shape stones.
  • Awls were made to make holes in animal hide.
  • Bone needles were made to sew more refined clothes.
  • Straight-backed knives made cutting a finer skill.
  • They made spearheads and blades from bones, antlers, and stone.
  • 10,000 years ago they used the bow and arrow.
  • The dearest sign of Cro-Magnons was in their art.
  • Cro-Magnons were the first to discover how to paint, sculpt, carve, and use color.
  • They carved the first animals and chubby females.
  • The earliest paintings were of hunting scenes.
  • All the paintings were found in underground caves.
physical appearance
Physical Appearance
  • The head of the Cro-Magnons was like modern humans except it was rounder, and more defined.
  • The forehead was flat, and they had very slight eyebrow ridges. Noses and jaws were smaller. The teeth were also smaller and closer together.
  • Cro-Magnons hunted large animals, such as woolly rhinoceros, mammoths, saber tooth tigers, and wild horses.
  • Cro-Magnons gathered wild carrots, beets, onions, turnips, cabbage, celery, fruits, and berries.
  • The women also gathered shellfish, eggs, and small animals that got trapped in their handmadetraps.
daily life
Daily Life
  • Cro-Magnons had daily hunting and gathering parties.
  • Hunting provided them with bones, tools, and shelter.
  • Women gathered the seeds and nuts, while men did the hunting.
  • Sometimes they had ceremonies and dances for special occasions.
  • They had funerals for important deaths.
  • Sinews from animals were tied into rope and used to secure the huts.
  • Tusks and large bones from a mammoth were used to create shelters that were covered in skin.
  • Cro-Magnons also used mammoth bones and skulls for supports.
  • Their houses were like dome-shaped huts.
  • Cro-Magnons were able to produce clear speech to develop a more advanced oral language and means of communication.
  • This enabled them to share information, work together, pass down knowledge and traditions, organize hunting and gathering trips, and speak more complex thoughts, including planning for the future.
  • Their ability to use language enabled them to make a more advanced culture.