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Chapter 2. Installing Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition. Preparing for Installation. Identify hardware requirements and compatibility . Choose a file system . Choose a licensing mode . Decide which protocols to install. Determine domain or workgroup membership.

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chapter 2


Installing Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition

preparing for installation
Preparing for Installation
  • Identify hardware requirements and compatibility.
  • Choose a file system.
  • Choose a licensing mode.
  • Decide which protocols to install.
  • Determine domain or workgroup membership.
hardware requirements
Hardware Requirements
  • Computer should exceed the minimum requirements
hardware compatibility
Hardware Compatibility
  • Check the HCL for Windows Server 2003.
    • Most recent hardware compatibility list is on the Microsoft Web site.
  • Look for “Designed for Windows Server 2003” logos on products.
  • Upgrade the BIOS if necessary.
    • Determine the BIOS version.
    • Check with the computer manufacturer for compatibility and upgrade files.
determining disk partitioning options
Determining Disk Partitioning Options
  • Setup program determines current partitions.
  • Setup presents options for partitioning hard disk.
    • Create a new partition on an unpartitioned hard disk.
      • Only create the operating system partition during Setup.
      • Add other partitions with Disk Management later.
    • Create a new partition on a partitioned hard disk.
    • Install on an existing partition.
    • Delete an existing partition.
choosing a file system
Choosing a File System
  • File systems format the hard disk.
  • Windows Server 2003 supports FAT16, FAT32, and NTFS.
  • NTFS is recommended because of advanced features such as:
    • Security and encryption
    • File compression
    • Disk quotas
  • NTFS is required for hosting Active Directory.


Tera - 240 (1,099,511,627,776) bytes.

Exa - 260 (1,152,921,504,606,846,976) bytes.

Moves data and

Marks bad sectors


file systems cont
File Systems (cont.)
  • Can use the convert utility to move from FAT32 to NTFS after installation. (not reversible!)
choosing a licensing mode see handout
Choosing a Licensing Mode(see handout)
  • Purchase a client access license (CAL) after installation.
    • CAL’s give a client permission to connect to a Windows Server 2003 computer.
  • Two licensing modes:
    • Per server (max # accessing a server simultaneously)
    • Per seat (one for each client or pc but may have multiple servers)
  • Per seat is preferred for companies with more than one server.
  • One time conversion from per server to per seat.
making a protocol selection
Making a Protocol Selection
  • The default protocol setup:
    • TCP/IP with an assumedDHCP server
    • Used on most networks
  • Additional protocols can be configured after installation.
determining membership
Determining Membership
  • Workgroup
    • Provide name of workgroup.
  • Domain
    • Provide DNS name of existing domain and join if have administrative domain account.


    • Have administrator create a computer account prior.

(Verify that one domain controller and DNS server are present.)

overview of installation
Overview of Installation
  • Methods
    • CD-ROM
    • Network
    • Upgrade
    • Unattended
  • Installation files
    • Winnt for CD-ROM or network installation for Windows operating systems before Windows 95
    • Winnt32 for operating systems Windows 95 or higher

(32 bit windows environment)

      • Windows NT must have Service Pack 5 or higher for an


cd rom installation
CD-ROM Installation
  • Verify that the computer’s BIOS boots from CD-ROM:
    • Insert installation CD-ROM into drive.
    • Turn off power.
    • Turn on power and boot from CD-ROM.
    • Follow the instructions of the Setup program.
network installation
Network Installation
  • Copy installation files to a host computer.
  • Share the host’s folder and assign read permissions.
  • Connect to the shared folder from the target computer.
  • Run Winnt.exe or Winnt32.exe with any desired switches.
  • Follow Setup instructions.
installing from an existing operating system
Installing from an Existing Operating System
  • Upgrades are possible from the following:
    • Windows NT Server 4.0 (running Service Pack 5 or higher)
    • Windows 2000 Server
  • Steps to begin upgrade:
    • Boot the current OS.
    • Insert the installation CD-ROM.
    • Choose the Upgrade option on the Setup screen.
    • Keeps existing settings and applications.
unattended installation
Unattended Installation
  • Usually performed via a network installation
  • Before installation, specify a set of parameters in an answer file.
    • The answer file contains responses to questions asked during installation such as

computer name.

  • No license agreement is presented during Setup.
performing a cd based attended installation phase 1
Performing a CD-based Attended Installation: Phase 1
  • Boot from the Standard Edition CD-ROM.
  • Installation Setup process is similar for all methods.
  • First phase of Setup:
    • Inspect configuration and load files.
    • Display license agreement.
    • Scan hard drive to determine OS, partitions, and file systems.
    • Prompt user to choose partition and file system.
  • Partition is formatted with file system.
performing a cd based attended installation phase 2
Performing a CD-based Attended Installation: Phase 2
  • Second phase of Setup prompts user for:
    • Language, date, time, and network settings
    • Product Key
    • Licensing mode
    • Computer name, Administrator account, and password
    • Domain or workgroup membership
  • Setup completes installation.
    • Installs and registers selected components.
    • Installs Start menu items.
    • Saves settings and removes temporary files.
performing an unattended installation
Performing an Unattended Installation
  • Create an answer file. (Unattend.txt & UDF file)
    • Use a text editor or Setup Manager Wizard.
  • Option to use answer file with booting
    • Save the answer file as Winnt.sif on a floppy disk.
    • Boot from CD-ROM.
    • Insert floppy after first Setup screen.
installing and managing service packs
Installing and Managing Service Packs
  • Download the latest service pack from the Microsoft Web site.
    • Check regularly for updates to correct security issues and improve performance.
  • Review the documentation on installation procedures and problems.
  • Perform a full backup on a production server.
  • Alert clients to the installation schedule.
  • After installation, document problems and solutions and backup.
creating an automated system recovery set
Creating an Automated System Recovery Set
  • An ASR set contains two components for system recovery:
    • Backup of all system files (1.5 GB or more)
    • Backup of system settings (approx. 1.44 MB requires

a floppy drive!)

  • ASR does not(?) back up application data files.
  • Create an ASR with the Backup utility.
  • Make a new ASR set each time there is an important change to the server.
    • Adding protocols
    • Installing new drivers
review homework for chapter 2

Read through table 2-4 on pages 55 – 56 for common installation problems and


Review Homework for Chapter 2&

Perform Lab Exercise #1