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Formal Commands!. Ten-Hut! In this presentation, you will learn about making commands in Spanish. Commands in English… . … are pretty easy. You just use a base verb form (without a subject, since it’s always “you”) to tell people what they should do: Stand up! Sit down! Do your homework!

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formal commands
Formal Commands!
  • Ten-Hut!
  • In this presentation, you will learn about making commands in Spanish.
commands in english
Commands in English…

… are pretty easy. You just use a base verb form (without a subject, since it’s always “you”) to tell people what they should do:

  • Stand up!
  • Sit down!
  • Do your homework!
  • Take out the garbage!
  • Be quiet!
commands in english3
Commands in English…

… and what they shouldn’t do:

  • Don’t write in your books!
  • Don’t speak English in Spanish class!
  • Don’t be silly!
commands in spanish
Commands in Spanish…

… are little more complicated because we have so many ways of saying “you”:

    • Tú: informal, singular
    • Vosotros: informal, plural
    • Ud.: formal, singular
    • Uds.: formal, plural
  • However, we will concentrate on the formal commands only.
let s look at a few examples
Let’s look at a few examples!
  • Hable despacio, por favor.
  • ¡Repita, por favor.!
  • Siéntese Ud. aquí.
  • Entreguen Uds. la tarea.
  • Hagan el ejercicio B.
  • No hagan el ejercicio A.
  • ¡No se levante Ud.!
  • ¡No corran en la clase!
hable despacio por favor
Hable despacio, por favor.
  • The speaker is talking to one person.
  • Can you figure out how we got the form “hable”?
  • Take the “yo” form of the present: HABLO
  • Drop the –o: HABL-
  • “Hablar” is an –AR verb, so add –E to form the command:HABLE
repita por favor
Repita, por favor.
  • The speaker is talking to one person.
  • Can you figure out how we got the form “repita”?
  • Take the “yo” form of the present: REPITO
  • Drop the –o: REPIT-
  • “Repetir” is an –IR verb, so add –A to form the command:REPITA
opposite vowels
Opposite vowels
  • Think of the verb adding the “opposite vowel”:
  • AR verbs add an –E.
  • ER & IR verbs add an –A.
let s try a couple
Let’s try a couple!
  • Comer: ¡______ Ud.!
  • ¡Coma Ud.!
  • Escribir: ¡_____ Ud.!
  • ¡Escriba Ud.!
  • Tomar: ¡_____ Ud.!
  • ¡Tome Ud.!
  • Entregar: ¡_____ la tarea!
    • ¡Entregue la tarea!
    • Note the spelling change because of the final –g sound.
slide10
Uds…
  • Entreguen Uds. la tarea.
  • Right! Just add an –N to the command form when you are talking to more than one person.
let s try a couple more
Let’s try a couple more!
  • Comer: ¡______ Uds.!
  • ¡Coman Uds.!
  • Escribir: ¡_____ Uds.!
  • ¡Escriban Uds.!
  • Tomar: ¡_____ Uds.!
  • ¡Tomen Uds.!
  • Comenzar: ¡_____ el examen!
    • ¡Comiencen el examen!
    • Note the spelling change because of the final –z.
lev ntese
¡Levántese!
  • What about reflexive verbs?
  • ¡Levántese! / ¡Siéntese!
  • In affirmative commands, all objects are attached to the end of the verb.
    • Levante + se
    • Levanten + se
slide13
¡No!
  • How do we make negative commands in Spanish?
    • ¡No fume!
    • ¡No tome café!
    • ¡No coma tanto!
  • Right – simply put the word NO in front of the command form.
no se levante
¡No se levante!
  • What about reflexive verbs?
  • ¡No se levante! ¡No se siénte!
  • In negative commands, all objects precede the verb.
    • No se levante.
    • No se levanten.
    • No se siente.
    • No se sienten.
some irregulars
Some irregulars
  • What would a lesson be without a few irregulars to make it interesting?? Can you guess where these forms come from?
    • Haga la tarea.
    • Tenga paciencia.
    • Salga ahora.
    • Vuelva a casa.
    • Piense bien.
    • ¡Sé bueno!
    • ¡Esté tranquila!
qu pasa
¿Qué pasa?
  • Haga la tarea.
    • Hacer > yo hago > -o + -a
  • Tenga paciencia.
    • Tener > yo tengo > -o + -a
  • Salga ahora.
    • Salir > yo salgo > - o + -a
  • Vuelva a casa.
    • Volver > yo vuelvo > -o + -a
  • Piense bien.
    • Pensar > yo pienso > -o + -e
  • These verbs follow the same formula: start with the yo form, drop the –o, and add the opposite vowel.
s est d sepa vaya
Sé, esté, dé, sepa, vaya
  • These five verbs are very irregular for a good reason:
    • Ser > yo soy
    • Estar > yo estoy
    • Dar > yo doy
    • Saber > yo sé
    • Ir > yo voy
  • The yo form does not end in an –o, so there is no –o to drop when forming the command form.
terminemos por ahora
¡Terminemos por ahora!
  • That’s all for now, but learn this concept well – the command form will be very important when we learn about our last verb form this semester – the subjunctive.