香港婦女中心協會對 《 有關纏擾行為的諮詢文件 》 的初步意見 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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香港婦女中心協會對 《 有關纏擾行為的諮詢文件 》 的初步意見 PowerPoint Presentation
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香港婦女中心協會對 《 有關纏擾行為的諮詢文件 》 的初步意見

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香港婦女中心協會對 《 有關纏擾行為的諮詢文件 》 的初步意見
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香港婦女中心協會對 《 有關纏擾行為的諮詢文件 》 的初步意見

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  1. 香港婦女中心協會對《有關纏擾行為的諮詢文件》的初步意見香港婦女中心協會對《有關纏擾行為的諮詢文件》的初步意見 香港婦女中心協會 廖珮珊 sisi.liu@womencentre.org.hk

  2. 針對婦女的暴力行為 • 《聯合國消除對婦女的暴力行為宣言》 (UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women) • 「對婦女的暴力行為」:任何基於性別的暴力行為,並對婦女造成身心方面或性方面的傷害或痛苦。這包括威脅進行某類行為、強迫或任意剝奪自由,不論這些事情是發生在公共還是私人生活之中 • 侵犯了婦女的人權及基本自由,妨礙了婦女享有這些人權與自由,而這種暴力行為亦是歷史上男女權力不平等關係的一種表現,做成了男性對婦女的支配和歧視,妨礙了婦女的充分發展,迫使婦女陷入從屬於男性的地位

  3. 例子 • 家暴受害人 • 情痴 • 分居中的婦女

  4. 歐盟報告(2010) • Feasibility Study to Assess the Possibilities, Opportunities and Needs to Standardise National Legislation on Violence Against Women, Violence Against Children and Sexual Orientation Violence • 12 / 27 • “A dedicated law on one form of violence canadd to recognition of the problem as a fundamentalrights issue, in this case disproportionatelyaffectingwomen, children or individuals froma sexual minority. A good example is the criminalisationof stalking. Explicit recognition ofthat form of violence in law has had an importantcultural and normative impact which cannotbe underestimated.” • “Similarly, several nationalexpertssaid that without the EU directive onsexual harassment, no public discussion of sexualharassment would have been possible at all. Law isa powerful discursive engine in society at large, inaddition to providing a legal tool to counteract theprevailing tendency to either position the violencein the private domain or minimise its severity.”

  5. 歐盟報告(2010) • “Some forms of violence require specific measures.This is particularly true of all forms ofviolence involving a course of conduct whichundermines the integrity of the victim overtime. Stalking, for example, has proved difficultto prosecute under general provisions, leadingsome Member States to create a specific offence.” • “The international consensus and basic principle isthat the law cannot tolerate violence. The findingsof the study have led to the articulation of proposedrevisions of and additions to existing relevantminimum standards which need to underpin(development of) legislation in all EU MemberStates. • ŠStalking: establish a criminal offence of repeatedviolence including undermining theintegrity of the victim and restriction of liberty.”

  6. 擔心 • 集體騷擾? • 新聞自由?

  7. 最佳策略? • 《家暴條例》適用範圍:配偶及前配偶、親屬、同居及前同居人士 • 追求者? • 需時? • 先要家暴、戀愛暴力相關的部分? • 教育?