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Introduction to the Standardized Emergency Management System (SEMS). The Standardized Emergency Management System (SEMS). Course Objectives Define 4 Components Explain how 5 Levels of Government interact Describe the 5 Functions. Acronyms.

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the standardized emergency management system sems
The Standardized Emergency Management System (SEMS)
  • Course Objectives
  • Define 4 Components
  • Explain how 5 Levels of Government interact
  • Describe the 5 Functions
  • SEMS – Standardized Emergency Management System
  • NIMS – National Incident Management System
  • ICS – Incident Command System
  • EOC – Emergency Operations Center
  • REOC – Region Emergency Operations Center
  • DOC – Department Operations Center
sems in the beginning
SEMS, In the Beginning:

After the 1991 East Bay Hills fire, Senator Petris introduced SB 1841

When chaptered, it directed Cal EMA (then OES), to develop & maintain SEMS with the support of other state/local agencies

legal basis
Legal Basis

SEMS - Government Code § 8607 – California Emergency Services Act


To Improve Coordination of Federal, State

and Local Emergency Management & Response.

ca state law says

ALL State Agencies are required to use SEMS !


california state law states
California State Law States….

Local governments must use SEMS to be eligible for state funding of

Response-related personnel costs !

(Includes Special Districts)



  • Clear and consistent organizational structure
  • Integrate response efforts regardless of magnitude, or location in the State


  • Multi-Hazard, Multi-Discipline, Emergency Management Systemthat facilitates:
  • Priority Setting
  • Interagency Cooperation
  • Efficient flow of Resources & Information.
the standardized emergency management system is based on
Proven best practices, all-hazard, emergency management and response concept

Organizationally flexible, ICS works well for both small and large situations

Multi-Agency, multi-jurisdictional & Interdisciplinary

These concepts are also part of the National Incident Management System

The Standardized Emergency Management System is based on:
sems what are the four components
SEMS - What are the Four Components?

Incident Command System

Multi/Inter-Agency Coordination

Mutual Aid (6 Regions)

Operational Area Concept

incident command system ics
Incident Command System (ICS)
  • Standardized, on-scene, all-hazard incident management structure
  • Efficiently integrates responders from a variety of agencies
  • ICS is also part of the NIMS
basic ics features
Basic ICS Features
  • Common terminology
  • Modular organization
  • Management by objectives
  • Reliance on an Incident Action Plan
ics benefits
ICS Benefits
  • The safety of responders, workers and others
  • Standardized approach, applicable for all hazards, by all levels of government
  • Used to manage emergency and non emergency incidents
multi inter agency coordination
Multi/Inter-Agency Coordination
  • Coordination between Agencies and/or Jurisdictions
  • Facilitates the Management & Tracking of Resources and Response Information
  • Cooperative Decisions made on Policies, Priorities & Allocation of Resources
master mutual aid agreement
Master Mutual Aid Agreement
  • Original agreement 1950 and includes all CA political subdivisions
  • Voluntary and reciprocal agreements which provide services, resources, and facilities
mutual aid regions
Mutual Aid Regions

To facilitate Mutual Aid, the state is geographically divided into six (6) mutual aid regions

Each Mutual Aid

Region has a Regional Coordinator and a State

(Cal EMA) Coordinator

mutual aid assistance systems
Mutual Aid/Assistance Systems

Established Mutual Aid/Assistance agreements form essential links

  • Emergency Management Mutual Aid (EMMA)
  • Fire & Rescue Mutual Aid
  • Law Enforcement Mutual Aid
  • Emergency Medical Mutual Aid
operational area concept
Operational Area Concept
  • County and All Political Subdivisions
  • Op Area coordinates Mutual Aid within the County Boundaries
  • Op Area may broker resources between its Subdivisions
the five sems functions command management general staff
The Five SEMS Functions (Command/Management & General Staff)

Command or Management







sems 5 organizational levels

State Level (SOC)

Region Level (REOC)

Operational Area Level (EOC)

Local Govt. Level (EOC)

Field Level

(Incident Command)




five levels of response level 1
Five Levels of ResponseLevel 1
  • Tactical on-scene response
  • The use of Incident Command Posts as required
  • Provides for “Unified Command”
  • Requests support from the Local Government EOC or DOC


level 2
Level 2
  • City, County, Special District
  • Emergency Management
  • Establish and maintain EOCs and DOCs
  • Implement Local Emergency Plans
  • Requests Support from Operational Area
  • Supports Field Level activity



level 3
Level 3



  • County and all Political Subdivisions
  • Establish and maintain Op. Area EOCS
  • Coordinates with Cities and Special Districts to Broker Resources
  • Make requests to the REOCS
level 4
Level 4


  • State Level
  • Located in Mather, Oakland and Los Alamitos
  • Regional Emergency Operations Centers (REOCs)
  • Implement State Emergency Plan
  • Brokers Resources between Operational Areas
  • Mission Tasks State Agencies
  • Coordinates Assigned Federal Resources
level 5
Level 5
  • Cal EMA & State Agency Executives - Headquarters
  • Located at Mather
  • State Operations Center (SOC)
  • Brokers Resources between Regions
  • Interface with the National Response Framework
  • Informs Governor and Legislature
  • Implements State Level Media Policy


  • SEMS is part of the Emergency Services Act, CA Government Code
  • Four Components
    • ICS, Mutual Aid, Interagency Coordination, Operational Area
  • Five levels of Government
    • Field, Local Government, Op Area, Region, State
  • Five Organizational Functions – Field & EOC
    • Command/Management, Operations, Planning & Intelligence, Logistics, Finance/Administration
  • More Training Available – Cal EMA website