复习定语从句
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复习定语从句. 第一 :定语从句重要性. 第二:基本知识的回顾. 第三:高考题的难点 & 重点. —He who laughs last, laughs best. 第一:学好定语从句重要意义. 定语从句是英语语法中的重点,除了在 语法单选 中会考到,在 写作 中正确恰当地运用定语从句是作文得高分的关键。另外,在 阅读理解 中正确理解定语从句也至关重要。. 在写作中:.

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复习定语从句

第一 :定语从句重要性

第二:基本知识的回顾

第三:高考题的难点&重点

—He who laughs last, laughs best.


第一:学好定语从句重要意义

定语从句是英语语法中的重点,除了在语法单选中会考到,在写作中正确恰当地运用定语从句是作文得高分的关键。另外,在阅读理解中正确理解定语从句也至关重要。

在写作中:

I spend much time reading English newspapers and magazines after class.It helps improve my English.

___ helps improve my English.

which

(better)

—He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.


在阅读理解中

An important factor in building a good roommate relationship involves moving away from what Crocker calls an” ego-system” an approach in which people focus on their own needs and try to protect their self-images…

54. In an “ego-system” approach, people____.

A. think more of themselves than of others.

B. don’t care much about their own images.

C. try to satisfy others’ needs.

D. show much respect to others.

— All is not gold that glitters.


第二,基本知识的回顾

1.关系代词(who / whom/whose/that/ which /as)和副词 (when /where /why)的选用:

2.that /which的区别:

3.which /as 的区别:

Bees that have honey in their mouths have stings in their tails.


1.关系代词(who / whom/whose/that/ which /as)和副词 (when /where /why)的选用

方法:取决于从句的结构是否完整.完整为关

系副词;不完整则为关系代词.

where/in which

We are trying to reach a point______________

(both sides will sit down together and talk.)

(2006年全国卷)

There is one point_____________ (we must insist on.)

(2006 年江西卷)

完整

主语

谓语 vi.

that/which/不填

主语

谓语 ?

不完整

---He who laughs last, laughs best.


2.用that不用which

1.先行词是不定代词 all,little, few, much, anything , everything, none, nothing, no one, some 。

2.先行词被the only, the very, the last ,等修饰时。

3.先行词被序数词或形容词最高级修饰时,或先行词本身就是序数词或形容词最高级时。

4.先行词既有人又有物时。

—All is not gold that glitters.


which不用that

1.引导非限制性定语从句时

2.介词后

Gun control is a subject ___ Americans have argued

for a long time. (2009年陕西卷)

A. of which B. about that

C. about which D. into which


3.引导非限制性定语从句which /as 的区别

as 引导非限制性定语从句,从句可置于句首,句中和句尾; as“正如……”的含义,常与see, expect, know, say, mention, report 等.( as is often the case/is discovered)

Being absorbed in playing online games, as was the case, makes him forget even to have his meal.

which引导非限制性定语从句常置于句中,句尾,常指代前面整件事情,常是前面指代的事情的所造成的结果或影响。

Alice received an invitation from her boss, ___came

as a surprise. A. it B. that C. which D. he

Alice received an invitation from her boss,so she felt surprised.


We all knowthat she is very lovely.

= ___is known to allthat she is very lovely.

____is known to allisthat she is very lovely.

____ is known to all, she is very lovely. (定语从句)

____ we know,she is very lovely. (定语从句)

After graduating from college,I took some time off

to go traveling ,turned out to be a wise decision .

(2010 四川)

A.that B.which C.when D.where

引导非限制性定语从句:As

It

What

As

As

——All is not gold that glitters.


as引导的其他定语从句

1)主句中出现as ,such, the same ,so修饰主

句的名代词,这个名词是这个定语从句的先行词

as在从句中担任主、宾、表。

This is the same thing as we are in need of.

Such people as you say are rare now.

比较:

He is such a good teacher as we all like.

He is such a good teacher that we all like him.


第三,近几年高考试题的难点

1.抽象地点名词介绍

2. when/where/why 的运用

3. 介词+which/whom

4. whose 现象; one of…/the only one of…现象

5.分割式定语从句

6.非限制性定语从句

7.当way为先行词时

8.定语从句与地点状语从句的区别

9.定语从句与强调句的区别


1)Life is like a long race ___we compete with others to go beyond ourselves. (2009全国卷)   

A. why B. what C. that D. where

2) Those successful deaf dancers think that dancing is an activity ___sight matters more than hearing.

(2007年天津卷)

A. when B. whose C. which D. where

1.当抽象地点名词(job, point, activity, situation, case, centre…)被修饰,且从句结构完整时,用where=in which

—He who has neverbeen to the Great Wall is not a true man.


作主语 beyond ourselves.

作宾语

at which

2.关系副词(when/where/why)的用法

I’ll never forget the time which/ that was

wasted in playing computer games.

I’ll never forget the time (which/ that ) I

wasted in playing computer games.

I’ll never forget the time when I played

computer games.

When=at/in/on/during which


in which beyond ourselves.

We visited the factory which/that lies in

the east of our city.

We visited the factory( which/that) Mr.

Zhang took charge of last year.

We visited the factory where the two

foreigners were fired last week.

Where=at/in/to which


for which beyond ourselves.

The reason which/ that was given by

Jack sounded true.

That’s the reason( which/ that )Jack

gave us for his being late.

Jack told us the reason why he made so

many mistakes in his work.

why=for which

先行词表示时间地点和原因时,分析成分,在从句中作主语或宾语用which/that; 作宾语可省,作状语用when/where/why


3. beyond ourselves. 介词+which/whom

The money with which you were to buy dog food is gone

We thought you were an adult , a person from whom we could expect good decisions.

=whom/who/that we could expect

good decisionfrom.

Do you remember the day on which we left you in charge.


expect sth. from sb. beyond ourselves.

with money

介词+which/whom

a. 来自从句中的动词短语

We thought you were a person from whom we could expect good decisions.

b. 与前先行词相关

The money with which you were to buy dog food is gone.

c.与 when/where/why的转换

Do you remember the day when/ on which we left you in charge

when=in/on/at/during which

where=in/at/to which

why=for which


1)The English play________ many students acted at the new year’s party was a great success.

in which

2)We came to a place_______________ they had never paid a visit before.

to which

/where

3)I’ll show you a supermarket ______________ you may buy all that you need.

where/in which

4)There is no book______ you can find all you need.

in which

5)The reason ______________ he can’t take part in the coming sports meeting is _____he is injured.

why/for which

that

6)Is she the girl ________you lent your bike?

to whom

7)This is the pen _________ I wrote the letter to you.

with which

on which/when

8) Tomorrow is a particular day ______________ his daughter will get married.


4. whose year’s party was a great success.现象

The house, the roof of which was destroyed in the fire, has been repaired.

The house, of which the roof was destroyed in the fire, has been repaired.

The house ,whose roof was destroyed in the fire, has been repaired.


one of… ; the only one of… year’s party was a great success.现象

Mr. Green is the only one of the experts ______________been invited to make a speech at our school.

Mr. Green is one of the experts _____

_______________been invited to make a speech at our school.

Mr. Green is the only expert ________

been invited to make a speech at our school.

who /that has

who /thathave

that has


插入语 year’s party was a great success.

5. 分割式定语从句

1) The days are gone forever when we use foreign oil.

2) The film brought the hours back to me when I was taken good care of in that faraway village.

hours

3)He often helps the students who are not quick at their studies.

he thinks


作主语 year’s party was a great success.

作状语

6. 非限制性定语从句

对主句进行补充说明,意思影响不太大的定语从句。 有逗号隔开, 绝不用that

1) This is the house which we bought last month.The house, whichwe bought last month, is very nice. (非限制性定语从句)

2) She heard a terrible noise, which brought her heart into her mouth.

3) We’ll put off the meeting until next month, when the boss will come back.


非限制性定语从句中的介词现象 year’s party was a great success.

all /some/most of which/whom

1) Many people, some of whom are not overweight, are going on diets.

2) He paid the boy $10 for washing ten windows , most of which hadn’t been cleaned.

both/neither of whom

The Greens have two daughters, both of whom are college students.


The Greens have two daughters, year’s party was a great success.both of

whom are college students.

The Greens have two daughters and both of

them are college students.

We’ll repair the windows in our school,

some of which haven’t been cleaned for ages.

We’ll repair the windows in our school and

some of them haven’t been cleaned for ages.


7. year’s party was a great success.先行词为the way 时的定语从句引导词

I don’t like the way ______________ Mr. Li

often punishes us.

I don’t like the way __________is used by

Mr. Li to punish us.

I don’t like the way_____________ Mr. Li

thought of to punish us.

(in which / that)

which/ that

(which/ that)


8. year’s party was a great success.Where引导的定语从句与地点状语从句的区别:

看有无表示地点的名词作先行词,

有则是定语从句;无则是地点状语从句.

True or False

地点状语从句

F

You should leave the toy in which you can find.

You should leave the toy where you can find.

You should leave the toy in the placewhere you can find.

定语从句= where=in which

—All is not gold that glitters.


The photo was taken ____ stood the famous Bird’s nest. A. which B. in which C. where D. there

When you read the book, you’d better make a mark ___ you have any questions.

A. at which B. at where C. the place where D. where

She found her wallet in the chair __ she lost it.

A. where B. when C. in which D. A and C

Today ,we will begin ___we stopped yesterday so that no point will be left out(2010重庆卷)

A. when B. where C. how D. what

—Bees that have honey in their mouths have stings in their tails.


9. which B. in which C. where D. there定语从句与强调句区别

Complete the following sentences.

It was 1912 ______ I was born.

It was in 1912 _________I was born.

when

that

where

It was the room _____ he was born.

It was in the room _______ he was born.

that

—All is not gold that glitters.


他出生的房间 which B. in which C. where D. there

the room _______ he was born

where

他确实是在那个房间死的

It was in the room ____ he died.

that

他确实是在那个他出生的房间死的.

It was in the room ____ he was born___ he died.

where

that

—He who has neverbeen to the Great Wall is not a true man.


which B. in which C. where D. there1)—Where did you get to know her?

—It was on the farm ____ we worked.

A .that B. there C. which D. where

(2)—Where did you get to know her?

—It was on the farm ____ I got to know her .

that B. there C. which D. where

(3)—Where did you get to know her?

—It was on the farm ____ we worked ____ I got to know her .

A.where; that B. that; where

C. that; that D. where ;which

—Bees that have honey in their mouths have stings in their tails.


Bye which B. in which C. where D. there

He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.


  • 作业答案: which B. in which C. where D. there

  • 实战演练

  • DDDCB ABBAB AA


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