“When I next realized that the Philippines had dropped into our laps, I confess I did not know what to do with them…I am not ashamed to tell you gentlemen, that I went down on my knees and prayed on the Almighty God for light and guidance more than one night. And one late night, it came to me this way.
That we could not give them back to Spain : that would be cowardly and dishonorable That we could not turn them over to France or Germany, our commercial rivals in the Orient : that would be bad business and discreditable That we could not leave them to themselves : they are unfit for self - government and they would soon have anarchy and misrule over there worse than Spain’s wars and
That there was nothing left for us to do but to take them all and to educate the Filipinos and uplift and civilize and Christianize them, and by God’s grace do the very best we could do for them. And the next morning , I sent to the chief engineer of the War Dept. (our map maker) and told him to put the Philippines on the map of United States.
WILLIAM MCKINLEY 25th President of the United States
BENEVOLENT ASSIMILATION • DECEMBER 21, 1898 • Make them happy • Do good to others • Instructions on the details of American Colonization
WHITE MAN’S BURDEN Take up the White Man's burden Send forth the best ye breed Go, bind your sons to exile To serve your captives' need: To wait, in heavy harness, On fluttered folk and wild Your new-caught sullen peoples, Half devil and half child. -Rudyard Kipling
STA. MESA INCIDENT • February 4, 1899 • Robert W. Grayson • Started the Filipino-American War
ABUSES DURING THEWAR • Water Cure • The prisoner will be tied to a tree & the Americans will shoot the different parts of the body • The prisoner will be tied to a tree where there are red ants • Rape and stealing • Hamletting/ Reconcentration
BALANGIGA, SAMAR MASSACRE • Gen. Vicente Lukban [[Leader of the Filipinos]] • September 1901 “…Kill and burn, kill and burn, the more you kill, and the more you burn, the more you please me.” -Gen. Jacob H. Smith
Vicente R. Lukbán (February 11, 1860–November 16, 1916), was a Filipino officer in Emilio Aguinaldo's staff during the Philippine Revolution and the politico-military chief of Samar and Leyte during the Philippine-American War. The Americans credited him as the mastermind of the infamous Balangiga massacre, in which more than forty American troopers were killed. Later investigations by historians, however, disclosed that Lukban played no actual part in the planning of the attack.
“They never really rebel in Luzon anymore because there is no one left to rebel.”